I'm trying to assemble a glider patio chair which I ordered. The main pieces (seat, back, sides, etc) are assembled and I'm supposed to just screw the pieces together. How are you supposed to tighten these things? There's nowhere to use a screwdriver to hold it in place when tightening the nuts. The holes aren't big enough for the bolts to go in flush, and they're tight enough that I'm having to screw the bolts to get them to go all the way in. Last time I used carriage bolts on something I built myself, I think the holes were loose enough that I could just push the bolts through and then tighten them with nuts. I don't remember how I held the bolts in place while tightening them on that last project.

Am I supposed to re-drill the holes bigger so I can just slip the bolts in flush?

There is is a good picture of a carriage bolt here.

  • Use your judgment on this advice, but you should be able to hammer the head of the bolt to a point where it's reasonably stuck into the wood. Then, the action of fastening the nut should tighten everything up. Dec 26, 2015 at 19:53
  • Some photos would be helpful
    – Tester101
    Dec 26, 2015 at 19:54
  • Check that one side of the holes is not already made square to accept the square part of the carriage bolt. If not, use a small chisel to make it so.
    – Ecnerwal
    Dec 27, 2015 at 3:20

2 Answers 2


Do not drill the holes bigger in the wood parts. The idea with carriage bolts is that you pound them in with a hammer so that the square part under the head of the bolt is forced down into the tight hole in the wood. This provides the hold to a) keep the bolt in place during assembly and b) to keep the bolt from turning while using a wrench or socket to tighten the nut from the end of the bolt.

Carriage bolts are designed so that on one side of an assembly that there are no protruding bits for things to catch on. The rounded head will provide that as opposed to there being a hex or square head sticking out. In your case with a chair kit the general idea is that the heads of the carriage bolts should face toward the side of the chair where the user will be. As such the threaded bolt ends will want to be down underneath or toward a generally non used surface of the chair.

  • Agreed, as a mention, lock washers with nuts are recommended, but not lock nuts.
    – Jack
    Dec 26, 2015 at 22:03
  • @Jack - Yeah. And since this application is bolting up what would appear to be a wood product the end of each carriage bolt should see first a flat washer, then the lock washer and finally the nut.
    – Michael Karas
    Dec 26, 2015 at 22:08
  • I was working with cedar, so it was easy to hammer the bolts into the wood
    – user26270
    Jan 3, 2016 at 21:49

Carriage bolts are designed to sink into the wood as you tighten the nut, essentially creating their own pockets. Unless you're building with very hard wood, this should work fine. You can tap the bolts inward with a hammer as you tighten the nuts to assist.

If you have trouble, overbore the holes very slightly, just deep enough for the square shank, until you can sink the bolts completely with pressure from the nuts. The threaded part of the bolt should not drag or require screwing, so you many need to run a bit through that as well.

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