I have a stamped concrete patio where the step to the bumpout on my house and slab were poured in one piece. They didn't pour concrete under the bumpout, just up against it, leaving a hollow area that tunneling animals make their home.
Voles have found their way under the patio and made a home under the bumpout (and sometimes in to my basement) through this bumpout area. I have a small amount of access under the bumpout now that I have removed the wall and ceiling of a finished bathroom.
What's the best way to permanently keep the voles from getting in to my house through this area? I have easy access to the outer perimeter of the patio, but I wonder if it would be better to seal off the void under the bump out. If I seal under the bumpout, is concrete my best option?
The hollow area under the step has a gravel base and about 4-6 inches in height of air before it gets to 1/4 plywood nailed to the bottom of the joists that support the bumpout. The total hollow area is probably 7 feet long by 1 foot wide by 4-6 inches tall.
I haven't attached pictures because it just looks like ceiling joists that end at a rim joist and plywood nailed to the bottom.
I've tried an exterminator and the voles take the poison, bring it in to my house, and die. This has been going on for 18 months.