Just noticed this on my window (external), it has been raining for a few days last week not sure if that's related.
Location: Melbourne, Australia.
- What is it?
- How to deal with this?
Those are mud-dauber wasps. They're good guys. They paralyze spiders, take them back to their nests, and lay eggs on the still-living spiders.
So if you don't like spiders around your place, leave the mud-daubers alone! Their homes are made of harmless mud, and they do not harm the underlying structure.
If you really despise them, you can simply scrape them off with a paint scraper. But they do no harm, so why not let them be?