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Questions tagged [nec]

For questions about the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70. Just about all US jurisdictions that have adopted an electrical code use the NEC, often with a handful of local or state level amendments.

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IBT and whole house transfer switch

The inter-system bonding termination (IBT) is where other services like telephone and cable TV get their ground bonds from the house's grounding electrode system (ground rods). 2014 NEC (NJ) 250.94 ...
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Dedicated 240v 30A Circuit Switched for A/C and NEMA 14-30

I have a dedicated 240 volt circuit that's hard wired into my air conditioning unit. The circuit has a 30 amp breaker at the main box and another 30 amp breaker on the wall next to my air conditioner....
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33 views

Stacking 'Main lug' load centers for garage

I am aware of most NEC codes and am actually asking if this is allowed, There really shouldn't be any reason..I also fully understand keeping my netural and ground seperate and how the bus bars are ...
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221 views

What are the rules for making your own conduit KOs in nonmetallic junction boxes?

Some North American electrical boxes (usually nonmetallic ones) lack conduit knockouts, as they are designed solely to clamp NM cable. Unfortunately, some devices (the RIB series of enclosed, UL ...
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Why don't we just use combination AFCI/GFCI breakers for every circuit in a home?

With pretty much every circuit in a home needing one of the two types of protection (AFCI or GFCI), why don't all new homes have combination breakers installed just to be safe? Would it hurt anything ...
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84 views

Extremely low suspended ceilings? (NEC)

Here are the key points: Condo in NYC with concrete ceilings Recessed lighting "Exactly" The ceiling is to be dropped by only 2-1/2" The light in mind is a 1-1/4 LED light (Extremely low profile) Ex: ...
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56 views

Romex exiting junction box just below 8 feet

I am installing new outlets by drilling up from the garage between the wall cavity and fishing romex up. As seen in the picture: I had my first inspection and the inspector called out that the ...
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140 views

Running a low-voltage audio cable through a wall; with or without conduit?

I'm running wire for a 70V audio system and there is a barrier wall in the way of my run. I was wondering if it is legal as far as NFPA 70 / NEC goes if I just poke a hole in the wall (non-insulated ...
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108 views

Derating 6 current-carrying conductors?

I'm having a hard time understanding 310.15(B)(2)(a). Here's the boat I'm in: I hooking up a tankless water heater that calls for 3 40 amp breakers (it's a 24 kw Ecosmart). So I put in a sub panel in ...
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76 views

Is “14 AWG” NM-B allowed by the newest NEC for new residential construction?

Is "14 AWG" NM-B allowed by the newest NEC for new residential construction? My concern is what the NEC says concerning 14 AWG NM-B for new residential construction. I have been told that the "NEC ...
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can an indoor Transfer Switch be used on the other side of the wall as an outdoor service entrance and main panel?

Can an indoor Transfer Switch be used on the other side of the wall as an outdoor service entrance and main panel? The concept is: The outdoor service entrance is wired through the wall to the SE ...
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2k views

Over-the-range Microwave on small-appliance branch circuit

Either there is conflicting information or a lack of when it comes to this question. Is it allowed in NEC code to permit an over-the-range microwave to run off of one of the small-appliance branch ...
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319 views

Can I wire a doorbell transformer in-wall this way?

My current under-powered doorbell transformer is in a very awkward location (old home, etc.) and in a location where several old wires are cable-nutted together and I would rather not replace it there....
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1answer
123 views

What does NEC require for strapping down conduit and wire here?

Below is a picture of the current conduit and wire setup for my new underground service into my house with generator automatic transfer switch and manual transfer switch to allow me to switch to an ...
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1answer
41 views

Do I need to upgrade other circuits if I only plan to change one?

(San Francisco, California) I plan to run a new dedicated circuit for a kitchen appliance, and to get up to code also move the bathroom to its dedicated circuit as well. This is an old house. The ...
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1answer
64 views

Electrical outlet clearance from a hot water panel radiator

What is the clearance of an electrical outlet from a hot water panel radiator? So facing the wall with a window and having a panel radiator down below hanged/fixed on the wall, how far away left and ...
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4k views

What does “No Other Outlets” mean for a kitchen 20A branch circuit?

I'm trying to wire my kitchen up to code, which means (based on the outlet spacing rules) I need 6 counter-top outlets. How many branch circuits do I need? When the NEC talks about the 2 "appliance" ...
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40k views

Is there a length limit on grounding conductor to ground rod?

My service panel is over a concrete patio, it was improperly grounded in the crawlspace. I cannot drive a proper ground rod in the crawlspace so I would like to drive one into the earth on the side ...
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1answer
51 views

Homeowners Electric Permit - Mongomery County, Maryland, USA [closed]

Our county allows homeowners to test to acquire permits for "rough wiring" and "heavy-ups" (https://www.montgomerycountymd.gov/DPS/Process/combuild/homeowner-electrical.html). I did electronics/...
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820 views

Can I run #14 armored cable behind baseboards?

Residential basement remodel problem: Replacing old, ungrounded wiring. Problem is cinder block walls. Inside, the exterior walls have rigid insulation and one layer of 1 x 3 furring strips ...
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2answers
136 views

Can I add USB outlets to bath/hall lighting circuit box (not GFCI)?

My bathroom, inside near door, has a 2-gang box, containing 2 light switches, powering combination ceiling light and fan. This box is fed by hallway lighting circuit, and the work box is not covered ...
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603 views

How should ground wires be handled when updating switch loops in an older home?

I have a house built in the 1950’s with fabric covered NMC wiring still present in most circuits. Those original wires are all 12/2 with no ground. I am currently in the process of replacing some of ...
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65 views

NEC (United States)

Is there a website where I can access the complete and most recently updated version of the United States NEC for free?
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514 views

Main Breaker Panel or Main Lug Panel for Sub-panel in Attached-Detached Garage

I am installing a ~100-amp sub-panel in my "attached-detached" garage (an "attached-detached" garage is a detached garage that shares a continuous roof with the home). The sub-panel will be fed by my ...
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1answer
46 views

Intersystem grounding bus ran out of terminals; now what?

My intersystem grounding terminal bus is out of available terminals, and I have two additional communication wires to ground to it. Does NEC allow supplementary bus bars? NEC 250.94 seems to imply no, ...
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71 views

Operational Electrical Panel in an unfinished building — safe? Sane? Legal?

Is it realistic to have an operational and functioning load center panel (with power supplied only to temporary outlets mounted near the panel), fed by an offgrid solar system, in a half-built ...
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819 views

Is it OK to have a light that can only be controlled via automation?

I am retrofitting the main light in a room to be controlled by a home automation system, in this case, I'm using z-wave, but for purposes of this question, it could be any digital protocol. I would ...
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0answers
36 views

Approved weatherproof way of connecting SER into panel

I have a knockout in an outdoor electrical panel that is above the uninsulated portion of the panel. I need to run 4/0 SER wire into the panel. According to NEC 312.2, I need a wet listed fitting when ...
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2answers
87 views

THHN to NM-B wiring, Transition from External Piping Conduit to in wall junction box

I am working on a project, In my own home, Permanently installing a Faux Fireplace, Shiplap, and some iron pipe shelves. The shelves are going to have built in lighting in the form of Edision Bulbs at ...
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1answer
5k views

Is this wiring safe and is it according to code?

A single 12-3 cable was run to a double switch to control individual lights. The white is used as a hot, is this wiring correct/per NEC code?
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3k views

Coast 3-way — does this conform with Code?

For those who aren't familiar, the California or Coast 3-way switching arrangement is a method of wiring a three-way switch circuit that is used when both a switched and an unswitched hot are desired ...
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1answer
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2 meters for 1 structure

We are currently building an addition to our house. It was a duplex before (one part stick built, other part mobile home, they were connected by a common entryway). We moved the mobile home away and ...
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Is it legal to torque-seal terminal screws on electrical equipment?

Torque seal is a lacquer-like product used in critical applications after a screw is tightened to provide a visual indication if the screw comes loose. Considering that a terminal screw on an ...
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1answer
57 views

Can a single cable type do the following

Running from a new 200amp main interior in the attached garage, out a 150 amp breaker into 4/0 cable (4/0-4/0-4/0-2/0 assumed). The cable will travel about 30 feet inside through raceways and EMT (...
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1answer
98 views

are tamper resistant receptacles required when rewiring an old house

rewiring an old house due to having knob and tube wiring. it it code to have all receptacles tamper resistant? Does the NEC require hard wired smoke and carbon monoxide detectors? Are "in-use" ...
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51 views

is AFCI required for 220v CA residential?

As I understand it CA now requires AFCI protection for practically all residential outlets. I'm setting up my theater room and it calls for a 50A 220V NEMA 6-50 outlet for the subwoofer I want but I'...
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387 views

Relabeling 6-AWG Wire

I'm pulling 2 hots, 1 neutral and 1 ground through conduit to a subpanel and I was wondering if it's possible to use the same color wire and just relabel the endings. I was thinking of using 6 AWG ...
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263 views

PVC conduit into PVC box: Can I make it watertight when using a threaded fitting? Are sealing locknuts allowed?

I have some 2" PVC conduit coming out of the ground and into a PVC box where it enters with a terminal adapter and held in place with a locknut. I intended to use a sealing locknut to keep the box ...
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198 views

is there an outlet box mounted overcurrent protection device?

I am adding some additional outlets and outside lights to my garage. The existing outlets are on 12 gauge wiring, so presumably a 20 amp circuit (I did not check this - did not have my reading ...
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1answer
882 views

Use 60Amp disconnect as a pass-through to another disconnect

We would like to add a second air-conditioning unit. The original 60 Amp disconnect is grounded via EMT to the panel. The existing EMT will meet code requirements for both conduit fill and derating ...
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3answers
2k views

Can I add a non-GFCI receptacle in the garage for a freezer?

It seems that GFCI-protected receptacles are required in all areas of the garage (even on the ceiling, where the garage door opener plugs in). Can I install a non-protected (15A) receptacle ...
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1answer
149 views

Questions regarding my plan for new 50A circuit (with pictures)

Overview Pictures/diagrams at the end. I will pull permits and would like to do this correctly. I will be disconnecting an unused 40A circuit and replacing it with a new 50A circuit to my garage for ...
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313 views

Is NEC code for non-metallic cable applicable now that I've installed an attic ladder?

Just installed an attic ladder. I've read this: What is the proper 'per code' method for running nonmetallic sheathed cable above a ceiling in the attic? So my attic is now "accessible" and ...
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1answer
2k views

Can service entrance and branch circuit cables be commingled in an auxiliary gutter?

One of the major Code defects in my current house that I want to rectify at some point is the fact that the (only) panelboard is mounted too high up on the wall (the current panelboard's service ...
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3answers
8k views

How to connect grounding wire to gas pipe for 2017 NEC 250.104(B)

I'm trying to interpret and apply the 2017 NEC bonding requirements from 250.104(B) to my existing home gas line. I've read this related question to determine I should use #6 AWG wire, but I'm unsure ...
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336 views

Is a Garage considered a 'Dwelling' for standalone electric service?

I just wrapped up adding new overhead 100 amp service for my parent's garage outside Chicago. My Mom is a retired ceramics teacher and wanted a 30A two phase kiln and/or welder in there and the ...
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2answers
154 views

Move grounds to subpanel when I moved 8 single pole breakers to same subpanel?

When I move 8 breakers from main panel to a subpanel (a few feet away) can I simply move the hot and neutral only to subpanel? The 8 breakers are grounded in the main panel already. A 100 amp breaker ...
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Can I use a ground rod as an equipment ground for a detached garage?

I'm in a bit of a dilemma. The house we bought has a detached garage supplied by 12/3 UF with ground. The previous owner/handyman set this up as a multiwire branch circuit (MWBC) with a twist: one ...
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1answer
646 views

Is there any way to do an Ufer (concrete-encased) ground with a monolithic slab that has a vapor barrier?

If I understand correctly, when using a monolithic slab (where the footers and slab are poured as one piece), the vapor barrier is installed under the slab and the footers. The NEC does not consider ...
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734 views

interpretation of conduit vs raceway wet location vs outdoor vs NM NM-B

eventual question: for a sealed PVC conduit external to house, does that qualify as a wet or damp location preventing use of non metallic (NM or NM-B) indoor type wire? And does underground feeder (...