Questions tagged [load-bearing]

A load bearing wall supports the structure above it, and thus cannot be removed without replacing that support. Use with the [walls] tag

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41
votes
4answers
27k views

Are there ways to determine if a wall is load bearing?

Other than looking up blue prints, which many homeowners may not have, are there ways to determine if a wall is load bearing? Methods I can think of might include: Going up in the attic to check if ...
34
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11answers
14k views

Is this cracking foundation under a jack post a problem that requires repair?

I am buying an already-built new home. I find this in the basement. The builder says it's okay, but I am really concerned. Is this really a big issue? What steps would be required to repair it? This ...
27
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5answers
13k views

Is it unsafe to remove one stud from a load bearing wall?

I need to cut a hole for a recessed medicine cabinet. This wall is at the end of the house. I only need to cut one stud to make a frame for the cabinet. Will this damage the integrity of the bearing ...
16
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5answers
15k views

Contractor cut joist hangers to make them fit

(edited with additional info re. header) We are removing a couple of load bearing walls as part of renos in our home. The engineer specified a W8x21steel beam to replace the load bearing wall. The ...
14
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2answers
19k views

Can I remove a wall stud to install a pet door?

We only have one option for a wall that the pet door would go in. After measuring we found that the door would have to go right in the middle of a stud. Is it safe to cut through the stud?
13
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3answers
127k views

How to calculate the maximum safe load on a horizontal wooden beam?

I am thinking of constructing a wooden bed/desk/roof/shed/ship/bridge/rocket How can I calculate the maximum load a rectangular horizontal wooden beam of dimensions L x H x W can safely support if ...
12
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4answers
36k views

Why mate two boards instead of using one thicker board?

I need to build a footbridge across a creek and, due to soft and low land around it, will need a long span crossing the creek. I found this tutorial by Ron Hazelton where he makes a bridge with a 12' ...
9
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1answer
860 views

Can I modify a load bearing triple stud?

I am installing a small safe in a wall and when I cut the opening in the drywall I noticed that the studs were in an unusual distribution. The stud on the right was normal but then there were multiple ...
8
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2answers
2k views

Resolve argument on load bearing walls [closed]

Here are both the builder blue prints and foundation plans. According to the plans all external walls and garage are load bearing and internal walls are not. There is no built up foundation/headers ...
8
votes
2answers
144k views

Proper size of header to support new door in load bearing wall?

We're going to install a new linen closet off the hallway next to our recently(ish) remodeled bathroom. The wall in question is load bearing. I know how to properly build out the King and Jack studs,...
8
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3answers
11k views

Framing an appliance opening in a load bearing wall?

I bought a fridge that is much too deep (first time buying a new house/new appliances) and unfortunately the appliance place does not take exchanges or returns. I am considering recessing the fridge ...
8
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1answer
21k views

Can I safely make a door frame taller?

UPDATE: April 22 What I ended up doing was removing the trim non-destructively. Above the door frame, it was clearly not load bearing, so I continued and was not so non-destructive. The end-result ...
7
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6answers
19k views

What is the purpose of horizontal blocks on a bearing wall?

In my basement, the bearing wall has horizontal blocks between each stud, similar to what you see in this picture: . There is one place on the wall where one of the blocks was removed to place an ...
7
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4answers
5k views

Is a vertical crack in a wall stud okay as long as the wall isn't load bearing?

In the photo above you can see that a pipe was put through a 2x4 and that the 2x4 splintered/cracked somewhat as well. This is framing a bathroom in the basement. On the Framing perpendicular there is ...
6
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2answers
4k views

Closet Wall, is it Load Bearing?

Trying to figure out if the front wall of this pantry cabinet is load bearing. We'd like to remove the front of the pantry and install cabinets here instead of the closet, but unsure if we can pull ...
6
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2answers
6k views

How much temporary bracing do you need when cutting a new exterior door opening in an existing house?

I'd like to add a door to the back side of my garage, but since this is a load bearing wall I'll have to brace it temporarily while I frame the opening. The garage has one room above it, which spans ...
6
votes
1answer
76k views

How do I determine if a wall is load bearing?

I'm considering removing a wall in my master bathroom but I can't tell if it is a load bearing wall or not. I've done a fair amount of research. I don't have the house blueprints, and it's difficult ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Is my closet load bearing?

I want to remove the closets that are in the hallway off of my garage so I can install new cabinets for a mud-room. I want to make sure the closets are not load bearing before I remove. Here are some ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

What should I do to level an uneven floor with a potential load bearing wall above?

I'm trying to level the first floor in my 90 year old house. The floor joists are held up by a wooden beam composed of 5 2x8s, which is held up by two steel columns. In the middle of the wooden beam ...
5
votes
3answers
17k views

Is this wall load bearing based on the attached blueprints?

I would like to remove a wall in my walk-out basement but I don't know how to interpret this architectural blueprint. Based on this blueprint, is the wall bearing load or not? I have highlighted the ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

I removed this non-load bearing wall in the corner of my basement, now 2 doors upstairs rub on their frames. Why is this?

In the image below, notice where the small 1x1 bits are, running perpendicular to the ceiling joists. These was used by the previous homeowner to lower the ceiling in one room, so if you can imagine, ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Where can I find information on making footbridges with a long span?

I have a creek I need to cross with a footbridge. While the creek is only about 3' wide, the main span of the bridge will have to be somewhere between 14-17' feet long, due to low, wet, and loose ...
5
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5answers
1k views

What's a high R-value insulation material alternative to dimensional lumber

Years ago I read somewhere about a building material described like this : a composite/synthetic material (not wood) available in traditional dimensional lumber sizes (e.g. 2x4) rigid enough to have ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Hangman's Noose vs Uni Knot

Is there any practical difference between the Hangman's Noose and the Uni Knot (a.k.a. Duncan loop)? The difference I see between the two is that the coils are wound inside the loop in the uni knot ...
5
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3answers
1k views

Cutting stud in load bearing wall to create vent opening for cooktop hood

We are installing a wall mounted cooktop hood over a gas cooktop as part of our renos. We have centered the cooktop along the kitchen wall but unfortunately that places the center line right in ...
5
votes
1answer
482 views

Are these walls near a skylight, load bearing?

My master and guest bathroom are back-to-back (toilet-to-toilet). Both bathrooms have a tall skylight this size (~4' square). The skylights are about 5 feet apart from one-another. Master Bathroom, ...
4
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4answers
26k views

How can I remove a stud from a load bearing wall?

I want to remove a stud from a load bearing wall in order to recess my fridge another 3-4 inches. In doing so I will be removing the bottom plate, one stud from bottom plate up to height of the fridge ...
4
votes
2answers
553 views

Am I ready to install window framing in load bearing wall?

I'm looking to add a window to an exterior, load-bearing wall. In front of the wall (which rests on the foundation) is another "wall" framed for wood paneling. I need to cut through the ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does the maximum deck overhang sometimes decrease with joist spacing?

The deck construction guide for my area contains this table: Look at the "Allowable Overhang" columns. It's odd that a wider joint spacing (24") permits a longer overhang. For example, look at the ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How should I install a hoist given that the walls and ceiling are made of concrete?

I have this hoist, of the engine-lifting variety, which is designed to be installed below a pipe or beam. I do not have any load bearing pipes or beams. What I have are a poured concrete ceiling (9" ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

Is this pocket door header load-bearing?

I removed two pocket doors in my second story bathroom (see picture 1 & 2). I would like to remove the headers above the pocket doors and open up the bathroom. However, I wasn't expecting such a ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Reinforcing a Load Bearing Wall

I just finished removing 100 year old plaster/lathe combination over a long load bearing wall in my basement. It revealed quite a bit of termite damage to a load bearing wall and header going across ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Can you tell from this frame if it is a nonbearing wall?

Just removed the drywall and need help to confirm if it's a non-bearing wall. It's a 1900 duplex house and there is a similar wall on the first floor but it is not aligned, about 10" distance. ...
4
votes
1answer
896 views

Can I replace a window in a garage gable wall without adding a modern header?

So, I have an older construction home (1948, a great year for lumber in MN) with a detached garage connected to the breezeway. The garage roof structure has rafters and collar ties with two storage ...
4
votes
3answers
327 views

How can I reliably determine whether a wall is load-bearing?

I remodeling my kitchen and opened up the entrance to kitchen to be more “open concept”. An inspector has asked me to determine if the wall is a load bearing wall. I need to “verify” but not sure ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Does a long deck beam need a post at staggered joints?

I am designing a deck that requires 40' beams. In that design I plan to fabricate the beams with 2-2x12 pressure treated lumber. I have tentatively planned to arrange the plies in this fashion: 1st ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Can I stack headers in a load bearing wall?

I am working on a home addition and I plan to change an existing window into a doorway. The window currently has a 2x8 header and a small cripple wall below the header to frame the window. I need to ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Is this a load bearing wall?

The first floor of my home has a small bathroom attached to the kitchen. Bathroom has(had) a pretty standard 2 door closet. I say standard because it's the cheap kind you buy at Home Depot that's ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How many jack poles should I use when opening a doorway through a load bearing wall?

I'm opening a 6-foot wide opening in a 19-foot section of load bearing wall between two rooms on the main level of two-level-with-basement home. I'll be installing a built-up 4x10 header (using (2) ...
3
votes
6answers
2k views

Can I use blocking between floor joists to support off-center jack studs in a load-bearing wall?

I have a load-bearing wall running down the center of my house, perpendicular to the floor joists. As this house is from the 1920's, there is no subfloor - the bottom plates of the walls sit directly ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Reinforcement for Ledger Board on Bearing Wall

I'm helping a friend remodel an old addition on his house. We've uncovered a construction technique that may have been normal 60 years ago, but isn't up to the standards of today. I'd like to know if ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Reinforcing a load-bearing bolt in metal-to-metal assembly

I just got a new pull-up bar and am slightly concerned about the design. The bar itself is attached to the main assembly in such a way that its only support comes from two bolts on either side that ...
3
votes
2answers
12k views

Will my roof construction allow attic flooring?

I am looking to add plywood flooring in my attic for storage page. There is a lot of space, very large areas. From what I've been reading, it looks to be ill-advised to add flooring if the roof was ...
3
votes
3answers
220 views

Can I remove the framed wall on the outside of my basement?

I have a 20 year old house (which is a basic colonial box). The basement has a standard poured concrete exterior wall. Against the concrete exterior wall, they framed a standard wood 2 x 4 wall, ...
3
votes
1answer
22k views

Can I build a pergola on an existing deck, without digging more footers?

A couple of years ago I built a deck onto my house. It is 32' x 14' I used a cantilever design at 12' with 2x8" floor joists, with 2x6" decking boards. The Cantilever beam was set on 6x6" posts that ...
3
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1answer
95 views

Storage space under stairs

I am looking to finish the area under the stairs. There are two diagonal beams under the landing step. Can these be removed or do they contribute to the integrety of the staircase?
3
votes
1answer
985 views

Calculating rafter size with purlin bracing

How do I calculate rafter size with purlin bracing? The total span is ~23' and the purlin bracing is ~9' from one side and ~14' from the other. Is it calculated on total or clear span? Edit for ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How safe is my patio and how much weight could it support?

I live in a three story apartment. I have a patio which also has a storage off of it. The actual patio is 8 X 10 and made from decking boards. However the exterior corner is supported by a 4 X 4 for ...
3
votes
3answers
151 views

Is it OK to drill one or two 2 inch holes into a load bearing header in my basement?

tl;dr: Is it OK to drill one or two 2 inch holes into a load bearing header in my basement made of doubled-up 2x10s on top of 2x6s? This area is in the center of my two-story house, and bridges over ...
2
votes
1answer
979 views

Installing a swing set between two brick walls?

My neighbors and I are considering putting up a swing set in the alleyway between our houses. The space is about 10' wide, and the house walls on both sides are brick (about 4" thick). Which of the ...

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