Questions tagged [load-bearing]

A load bearing wall supports the structure above it, and thus cannot be removed without replacing that support. Use with the [walls] tag

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37
votes
4answers
21k views

Are there ways to determine if a wall is load bearing?

Other than looking up blue prints, which many homeowners may not have, are there ways to determine if a wall is load bearing? Methods I can think of might include: Going up in the attic to check if ...
33
votes
11answers
12k views

Is this cracking foundation under a jack post a problem that requires repair?

I am buying an already-built new home. I find this in the basement. The builder says it's okay, but I am really concerned. Is this really a big issue? What steps would be required to repair it? This ...
16
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5answers
14k views

Contractor cut joist hangers to make them fit

(edited with additional info re. header) We are removing a couple of load bearing walls as part of renos in our home. The engineer specified a W8x21steel beam to replace the load bearing wall. The ...
14
votes
2answers
16k views

Can I remove a wall stud to install a pet door?

We only have one option for a wall that the pet door would go in. After measuring we found that the door would have to go right in the middle of a stud. Is it safe to cut through the stud?
12
votes
4answers
24k views

Why mate two boards instead of using one thicker board?

I need to build a footbridge across a creek and, due to soft and low land around it, will need a long span crossing the creek. I found this tutorial by Ron Hazelton where he makes a bridge with a 12' ...
12
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3answers
85k views

How to calculate the maximum safe load on a horizontal wooden beam?

I am thinking of constructing a wooden bed/desk/roof/shed/ship/bridge/rocket How can I calculate the maximum load a rectangular horizontal wooden beam of dimensions L x H x W can safely support if ...
9
votes
1answer
709 views

Can I modify a load bearing triple stud?

I am installing a small safe in a wall and when I cut the opening in the drywall I noticed that the studs were in an unusual distribution. The stud on the right was normal but then there were multiple ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Resolve argument on load bearing walls [closed]

Here are both the builder blue prints and foundation plans. According to the plans all external walls and garage are load bearing and internal walls are not. There is no built up foundation/headers ...
8
votes
3answers
11k views

Framing an appliance opening in a load bearing wall?

I bought a fridge that is much too deep (first time buying a new house/new appliances) and unfortunately the appliance place does not take exchanges or returns. I am considering recessing the fridge ...
7
votes
6answers
11k views

What is the purpose of horizontal blocks on a bearing wall?

In my basement, the bearing wall has horizontal blocks between each stud, similar to what you see in this picture: . There is one place on the wall where one of the blocks was removed to place an ...
7
votes
2answers
126k views

Proper size of header to support new door in load bearing wall?

We're going to install a new linen closet off the hallway next to our recently(ish) remodeled bathroom. The wall in question is load bearing. I know how to properly build out the King and Jack studs,...
7
votes
1answer
16k views

Can I safely make a door frame taller?

UPDATE: April 22 What I ended up doing was removing the trim non-destructively. Above the door frame, it was clearly not load bearing, so I continued and was not so non-destructive. The end-result ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Closet Wall, is it Load Bearing?

Trying to figure out if the front wall of this pantry cabinet is load bearing. We'd like to remove the front of the pantry and install cabinets here instead of the closet, but unsure if we can pull ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

How much temporary bracing do you need when cutting a new exterior door opening in an existing house?

I'd like to add a door to the back side of my garage, but since this is a load bearing wall I'll have to brace it temporarily while I frame the opening. The garage has one room above it, which spans ...
6
votes
1answer
75k views

How do I determine if a wall is load bearing?

I'm considering removing a wall in my master bathroom but I can't tell if it is a load bearing wall or not. I've done a fair amount of research. I don't have the house blueprints, and it's difficult ...
6
votes
2answers
234 views

Is my closet load bearing?

I want to remove the closets that are in the hallway off of my garage so I can install new cabinets for a mud-room. I want to make sure the closets are not load bearing before I remove. Here are some ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What should I do to level an uneven floor with a potential load bearing wall above?

I'm trying to level the first floor in my 90 year old house. The floor joists are held up by a wooden beam composed of 5 2x8s, which is held up by two steel columns. In the middle of the wooden beam ...
5
votes
3answers
14k views

Is this wall load bearing based on the attached blueprints?

I would like to remove a wall in my walk-out basement but I don't know how to interpret this architectural blueprint. Based on this blueprint, is the wall bearing load or not? I have highlighted the ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

I removed this non-load bearing wall in the corner of my basement, now 2 doors upstairs rub on their frames. Why is this?

In the image below, notice where the small 1x1 bits are, running perpendicular to the ceiling joists. These was used by the previous homeowner to lower the ceiling in one room, so if you can imagine, ...
5
votes
1answer
823 views

Where can I find information on making footbridges with a long span?

I have a creek I need to cross with a footbridge. While the creek is only about 3' wide, the main span of the bridge will have to be somewhere between 14-17' feet long, due to low, wet, and loose ...
5
votes
5answers
825 views

What's a high R-value insulation material alternative to dimensional lumber

Years ago I read somewhere about a building material described like this : a composite/synthetic material (not wood) available in traditional dimensional lumber sizes (e.g. 2x4) rigid enough to have ...
5
votes
1answer
955 views

Hangman's Noose vs Uni Knot

Is there any practical difference between the Hangman's Noose and the Uni Knot (a.k.a. Duncan loop)? The difference I see between the two is that the coils are wound inside the loop in the uni knot ...
5
votes
1answer
396 views

Are these walls near a skylight, load bearing?

My master and guest bathroom are back-to-back (toilet-to-toilet). Both bathrooms have a tall skylight this size (~4' square). The skylights are about 5 feet apart from one-another. Master Bathroom, ...
4
votes
1answer
597 views

Reinforcing a Load Bearing Wall

I just finished removing 100 year old plaster/lathe combination over a long load bearing wall in my basement. It revealed quite a bit of termite damage to a load bearing wall and header going across ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Can I replace a window in a garage gable wall without adding a modern header?

So, I have an older construction home (1948, a great year for lumber in MN) with a detached garage connected to the breezeway. The garage roof structure has rafters and collar ties with two storage ...
4
votes
3answers
225 views

How can I reliably determine whether a wall is load-bearing?

I remodeling my kitchen and opened up the entrance to kitchen to be more “open concept”. An inspector has asked me to determine if the wall is a load bearing wall. I need to “verify” but not sure ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Does a long deck beam need a post at staggered joints?

I am designing a deck that requires 40' beams. In that design I plan to fabricate the beams with 2-2x12 pressure treated lumber. I have tentatively planned to arrange the plies in this fashion: 1st ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Can I stack headers in a load bearing wall?

I am working on a home addition and I plan to change an existing window into a doorway. The window currently has a 2x8 header and a small cripple wall below the header to frame the window. I need to ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Is this a load bearing wall?

The first floor of my home has a small bathroom attached to the kitchen. Bathroom has(had) a pretty standard 2 door closet. I say standard because it's the cheap kind you buy at Home Depot that's ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How many jack poles should I use when opening a doorway through a load bearing wall?

I'm opening a 6-foot wide opening in a 19-foot section of load bearing wall between two rooms on the main level of two-level-with-basement home. I'll be installing a built-up 4x10 header (using (2) ...
3
votes
4answers
21k views

How can I remove a stud from a load bearing wall?

I want to remove a stud from a load bearing wall in order to recess my fridge another 3-4 inches. In doing so I will be removing the bottom plate, one stud from bottom plate up to height of the fridge ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How should I install a hoist given that the walls and ceiling are made of concrete?

I have this hoist, of the engine-lifting variety, which is designed to be installed below a pipe or beam. I do not have any load bearing pipes or beams. What I have are a poured concrete ceiling (9" ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does the maximum deck overhang sometimes decrease with joist spacing?

The deck construction guide for my area contains this table: Look at the "Allowable Overhang" columns. It's odd that a wider joint spacing (24") permits a longer overhang. For example, look at the ...
3
votes
2answers
10k views

Will my roof construction allow attic flooring?

I am looking to add plywood flooring in my attic for storage page. There is a lot of space, very large areas. From what I've been reading, it looks to be ill-advised to add flooring if the roof was ...
3
votes
1answer
317 views

Are these walls holding up my roof? [closed]

Hello I have a room that we have to insulate. To do it properly, I am thinking of tearing off the drywall. Then the thought hit me that since I'm going to be redrywalling the room, can I also take ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Can you tell from this frame if it is a nonbearing wall?

Just removed the drywall and need help to confirm if it's a non-bearing wall. It's a 1900 duplex house and there is a similar wall on the first floor but it is not aligned, about 10" distance. ...
3
votes
3answers
197 views

Can I remove the framed wall on the outside of my basement?

I have a 20 year old house (which is a basic colonial box). The basement has a standard poured concrete exterior wall. Against the concrete exterior wall, they framed a standard wood 2 x 4 wall, ...
3
votes
1answer
22k views

Can I build a pergola on an existing deck, without digging more footers?

A couple of years ago I built a deck onto my house. It is 32' x 14' I used a cantilever design at 12' with 2x8" floor joists, with 2x6" decking boards. The Cantilever beam was set on 6x6" posts that ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Storage space under stairs

I am looking to finish the area under the stairs. There are two diagonal beams under the landing step. Can these be removed or do they contribute to the integrety of the staircase?
3
votes
1answer
786 views

Calculating rafter size with purlin bracing

How do I calculate rafter size with purlin bracing? The total span is ~23' and the purlin bracing is ~9' from one side and ~14' from the other. Is it calculated on total or clear span? Edit for ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How safe is my patio and how much weight could it support?

I live in a three story apartment. I have a patio which also has a storage off of it. The actual patio is 8 X 10 and made from decking boards. However the exterior corner is supported by a 4 X 4 for ...
2
votes
1answer
746 views

Installing a swing set between two brick walls?

My neighbors and I are considering putting up a swing set in the alleyway between our houses. The space is about 10' wide, and the house walls on both sides are brick (about 4" thick). Which of the ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How big of a beam for a load bearing wall

I have a wall in my basement that is load bearing. Right now, they put a door opening in there (and probably overdid the header for it). I would like to remove a 7 foot section and open it up for a ...
2
votes
2answers
6k views

How is this plan for repairing load bearing rotting posts with epoxy (pics included)

My carport has five 4x4 posts with two of them are showing serious signs of rot. I have attached a photo of the worst and 2nd worst looking one, and what the other ones look like. At first I thought ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

beam to replace 5 studs of wall

I recently removed 2 studs from a wall and now I feel like it is not enough, so I intend to remove 3 more. The house is 26' wide and 30' long, built in 1918. It has a basement, main floor, and attic....
2
votes
2answers
440 views

ELECTRICIAN BORED 4" HOLE through top & bottom chords in attic — how to fix?

I'm extremely concerned; hopefully unnecessarily so. We recently upgraded our electrical panel and I just noticed (about a month and a half later) that the electrician bored a 3.5" hole through what I ...
2
votes
2answers
7k views

Pulley/winch knot for holding up heavy punching bag

I currently have a heavy bag mount I built from 4x4 posts to hold up a 100lbs punching bag. It currently has a nice swivel bracket holding it up, which has been working great so far. The only problem ...
2
votes
2answers
440 views

Structural cross joists and load-bearing walls (century home)

I have a friend that recently took possession of a century home. Its a 4 plex and He was told it was an old school house (at least at some point in time). We’re experienced weekend warriors but ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Reinforcement for Ledger Board on Bearing Wall

I'm helping a friend remodel an old addition on his house. We've uncovered a construction technique that may have been normal 60 years ago, but isn't up to the standards of today. I'd like to know if ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Can I remove framing members forming a wall below a load bearing beam?

I am in the process of buying my first home and my head is already spinning with update ideas. The main idea, in particular, is renovating the kitchen/dining. There is a wall separating the two spaces ...