Questions tagged [joists]

Horizontal support structures beneath the floor running between load bearing walls.

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3answers
14k views

Load capacity of 2x4s spaced 16"

We are trying to finish an above garage attic space as a playroom (since the ceiling will be slanted - 7' to 4' headroom). The "room" is 25' x 8' and currently has 2x4s that are 16" apart. My current ...
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1answer
753 views

2x6 deck joists: salvageable or need replacing?

We have a roughly 10x30 elevated wood deck off the pack of our house. The joists are all 2x6 16oc. The posts are 4x4 and are holding up a beam that the joists hang off of with joist hangers. I feel ...
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0answers
1k views

Installing a floor for storage above detached garage?

We have a gabled-roof single-story detached garage with horizontal 2x4 beams spaced four feet apart and a 20' span. There are two vertical 2x4 beams connecting the two horizontal center beams to the ...
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1answer
3k views

Where in the span of a floor joist can I drill holes to run wiring?

How far from the end of a 2x12 or 2x10 floor joist can I drill a hole? NEC 502.8 does not give this answer, only that you have to be 2" above or below the edges, not in what part of the span it has ...
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1answer
1k views

Hurricane ties installed using joist hanger nails top AND bottom. Should I yank them out?

I'm using double sided hurricane ties to secure my joists to my beams for a deck I am building. The tie looks like below: I had been using 1.5" joist hanger nails for the 6 holes at the top that ...
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1answer
429 views

Finding a stud in a highrise appartment

I would like to install my xpole in my apartment but I am unable to find the stud in the ceiling. According to my stud finder the entire ceiling is metal. Can anyone help? I am in a 24 story ...
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2answers
440 views

Structural cross joists and load-bearing walls (century home)

I have a friend that recently took possession of a century home. Its a 4 plex and He was told it was an old school house (at least at some point in time). We’re experienced weekend warriors but ...
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4answers
557 views

How to install 2x10 joists of slightly different sizes?

We are trying to install the joist hangers and the joists, but the 2x10s are slightly different sizes. The problem is that some of the boards are 9.25" and some are 9.5" and some in between. So if all ...
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0answers
374 views

How do I replace 2x4 outdoor decking with 1x4 hardwood decking?

I have a small entry area deck outside my front door, roughly 70 sqft. The deck is currently made of 2x4's and a few 2x6's screwed into ~16" on center floor joists. I replaced the front door and ...
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2answers
1k views

Free-standing deck joist layout

I'm trying to plan out a free-standing deck in an irregular-shaped garden. It currently has railway sleepers marking a garden bed around the west, north and east edges and the missus would like to ...
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1answer
383 views

How should I repair crumbling joist pockets in a brick wall?

I'm renovating an old row house with wooden joist in masonry pockets. In many places, the mortar under the bearing point of the pockets has crumbled, cracking a few bricks and lowering the pocket. ...
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0answers
760 views

Will insulating rim joist without sill plate lead to moister issues?

The house was built in 1930 and besides some bays stuffed with fiberglass the basement is uninsulated and unfinished. After two MN winters in the house I've managed to fill the larger holes but have ...
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2answers
665 views

Misaligned floor joist hangers

What is the best way to resolve an issue with misaligned floor joist hangers? Our flooring in the kitchen is starting to dip and sag and it is directly related to the fact that the floor joists are ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Modifying bottom chord of roof truss to accomodate new AC

We just had a new AC air handler installed, and it's much taller than the old one. Due to an error on my part, it's actually too tall for the space. And it is deeper than the space between the trusses....
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3answers
7k views

Knee Brace support Hanger for Treehouse

I am going to be building a Treehouse soon, and am researching the best and most cost effective means to do so. I am good on the platform and beams (using Treehouse Attachment Bolts), and am going to ...
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0answers
253 views

Can these metal ceiling drywall joists be removed?

I recently removed the drywall ceiling from my basement with the intention to leave it as an exposed ceiling. Would I be correct in understanding that the metal ceiling joists (highlighted in blue in ...
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5answers
9k views

How to support the subfloor around a toilet between I joists

I'm replacing some rotted subfloor around a toilet, and I want to add blocking around the flange for extra support, and to give me a place to support the new pieces of subfloor (I'm not planning on ...
2
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1answer
543 views

Support for Tile floor

I have 2x8 (7.25x1.5) what appear to be doug fur or southern pine floor joists on 16" centers in a finished basement. I want to tile a master bath on the main floor. Joists span exactly 11' 4" from ...
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1answer
2k views

How to hang load from ceiling I-beam joists behind drywall?

I'm looking to attach rock rings to my garage ceiling. I've found similar posts, but in each one, they have a seemingly critical difference from my setup: I don't have access to above the joist ...
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1answer
2k views

Can I insulate PEX pipe in a crawlspace with fiberglass insulation?

I have PEX pipe hung under the floor joists in my crawl space. I am inclined to cut fiberglass wall insulation R-14 into strips and run it under the pipe.That will encase it as the floors are well ...
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1answer
1k views

How should I run electrical wire perpendicular to exposed joists in my basement?

I have some questions in regards to running electrical in an exposed, unfinished basement environment. I understand that wire running parallel to floor joists should be at least 1.25" above the bottom ...
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2answers
26k views

HVAC Duct options in floor joists

I will explain what I would "Ideally" want. I would like the HVAC in the basement ceiling to Not require a soffit. Plumbing seems possible because the holes for the most part will be small enough to ...
2
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1answer
711 views

Floor joist attachment improvements in presence of existing ledger?

TL;DR: AFAIK there are no joist hangers that can be retrofit in a location where there's an existing ledger board without removing said ledger, right? Is there anything I should think about aside ...
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0answers
491 views

How to repair straight cut floor joist?

What's the best way to repair a cut floor joist? It looks like when removing floor boards for remodel, someone has cut about half way through the top of joist with saw straight cut. No notching. I'm ...
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3answers
6k views

How to hang a chair from the ceiling joists (with attic access)

I'm planning on hanging a chair from the ceiling. From what I can tell the best method is to add a crosspiece above multiple joists, and mount the chair to that using an eye bolt. The problem with ...
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2answers
273 views

How can I level the joists and ceiling?

I am presently renovating a house that has a 4" difference from the middle to the one side due to the subsidence. It is a semi-detached duplex, with 3 floors including the basement. The worst is the ...
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1answer
10k views

How can I permanently fix a sagging floor?

I have a home I purchased roughly 18 months ago. The house is a traditional 2 story cape code (3BR 1BA) and is structurally very sound and extremely stable. However, on the primary floor of the house,...
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2answers
4k views

Is there a limit to the number of holes bored in a joist?

I already know that a hole bored in a sawn lumber joist cannot be within 2" of any edge or any other notch or hole. And that the hole can only be a maximum of 1/3 the depth of the member (...
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1answer
729 views

How do I lay joists over a complex-sloped basement floor

I am helping a friend install a bathroom in his basement. The basement floor is partially rock which has been covered in plastic vapour barrier and then covered in a thin layer of concrete. (The ...
2
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1answer
892 views

Can rigid foam board have an air space between it and rim joist?

I am insulating my rim joists with 2" rigid foam board. Most of the rim joist is bare, and the foam fits along it nicely. Some sill boxes have some small irregularities (vent pipes, plumbing, etc) ...
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1answer
402 views

which layer of rigid foam should i caulk when insulating rim joist?

I am insulating my rim joists with rigid foam board in a manner similar to that described on the familyhandyman's website. I am considering adding a second layer of foam board to get closer to the ...
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1answer
790 views

How can I fix a floor joist that has separated from the cross beam?

I have just 1 beam that is no longer in the notch that is supposed to rest in on the crossbeam. The house is 100 years old. Would it be a safe option to install a floor jack to bring the beam back up ...
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1answer
99 views

How much work would be required to repair this roof?

I'm looking to buy a new house that needs a lot of work doing (almost a complete renovation job, rewiring, plumbing, damp proofing etc). On the last visit I went up into the loft to see what work ...
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1answer
3k views

How can I add joists to an existing trussed ceiling?

My garage ceiling framing consists of manufactured 2x4 trusses over a 20.5' span and on 24" centers. There is currently some plywood flooring for light storage. The sheetrock that was on the ceiling ...
2
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1answer
76 views

Can I use the area above my garage for an extra room?

I want to use a 8 x 20 space above garage for an extra room (Load Bearing). It has two 2 x 10’s sister’d together spanning of 20 feet and 16 inches apart with no center support. Can I make this set ...
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1answer
587 views

Insulating and reducing boominess of plywood subfloor

I have a plywood subfloor in a ground floor extension that is laid directly on the joists. The current floor is half solid wood tongue-and-groove laid on top of green fibre underlay and half fake tile-...
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2answers
2k views

Is a 6 in. hole in a band joist okay?

I'm installing a Zephyr AK6500 range hood. The kitchen is on the first floor a 2 story home, which was built in 1967. I've run 6 in. round ductwork in a joist bay in the kitchen ceiling to the ...
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1answer
277 views

Ceiling joists job in a cinder block house

So I have a 25 x 30 square house made of cinder block. Roof is just a gable roof with gables on the ends of the 30ft length. My question is, I know in stick framed houses the ceiling joists act to ...
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1answer
2k views

How do I correct free-standing deck moving away from home?

I have what is primarily a free-standing deck (18x22) in the back of my house. I say "primarily" because I did nail into the ledger board underneath my glass sliding door, but only there. The rest ...
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1answer
767 views

Are these joists deep enough for the joist spacing / beam spacing I am planning on my deck?

I'm building a deck in the garden, have planned, purchased and started building the deck. I've been laying out some joists on the support beams (wider timbers bolted onto the posts) that I've ...
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1answer
300 views

Is it allowed to have a small hole bored in a joist in the area where it is bearing on a beam or joist hanger

I am trying to determine if my house is up to code with respect to some holes that I found bored in the ceiling joists. The holes are about 1 inch in diameter and at least 2 inches from the top and ...
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1answer
5k views

1“ x 2” Furring Strips for Drywall Ceiling

In my basement, there's currently a tile ceiling that's installed on furring strips attached to the joists. The furring strips are 1"x2", attached to the joists by nails. We're currently replacing the ...
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1answer
799 views

Can I replace a floor joist cross-brace with two horizontal pieces of blocking in the same spot?

I am doing some remodeling and want to run a 6-inch HVAC (kitchen exhaust hood) duct through the floor joists. There is one section where the path is impeded by a standard floor joist cross-brace. Can ...
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3answers
18k views

Can I drill a 3 1/2" hole through 5 joists?

I need to move a toilet to the other side of room approx. 6 ft I will have to drill a 3.5 in hole for the waste line in 5 floor joist on the second floor. Can I double them and still drill the 3.5 in ...
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2answers
4k views

Is it ok to sister a joist to burnt joist?

I am about to purchase a house that was damaged in a fire and sitting for 4 years. The fire was mostly contained to a small area, but some joists were burned quite badly, while other just had some ...
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2answers
4k views

When Laying Tongue and Groove plywood over 1x6 subfloor, do I lay it with the grain perpendicular to the floor joists or to the 1x6 boards underneath?

I am redoing a bedroom and I am in the process of installing a new sub floor. I currently have 1x6 running perpendicular to the floor joists. Some do have a bit of give to them. I am laying over that ...
3
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1answer
696 views

What materials and spacing should I use for ceiling joists/strapping in this conversion?

I have an old two bay garage that's 28'x50', that I would like to convert into a home. One thing I'm trying to figure out is how to do the ceiling. The ceiling is held up by metal joists approximately ...
2
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2answers
4k views

Does this ceiling joist layout look structurally sound?

I plan on talking with an architect soon, but wanted feedback from this community too. Please see the attached photo. I'm in Raleigh, NC and am using information from this site (http://www....
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1answer
4k views

How much space do I need between rafter ties?

I have a living room that I'd like to vault the ceiling on. I've had a contractor come out and tell me that my ceiling joists are not supporting the roof in anyway, they are just tying the walls ...
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2answers
3k views

Do I need to brace joists after removing basement ceiling?

I'm about to take out the lath & plaster ceiling in the basement of my 1908 house (I'm hiring it out; I know how bad the mess is). Main reasons for doing this are to get access to wiring and allow ...