Questions tagged [framing]

For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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2
votes
3answers
645 views

How far out of square is too far?

What is a good margin of error on the diagonals for a 5x10 foot, square wood foundation? I have about 1/2" discrepancy on the diagonals. (for a shed).
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2answers
577 views

Can you place a support header in the ceiling?

I am opening up a pass-through in my home and, ideally, the pass-through would open up all the way to the ceiling. It is a load bearing wall, so it will need a header. A contractor told me it is ...
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3answers
621 views

Does this truss have two or three bearing points?

Part of my roof is made from studio trusses as shown in the picture. I'm trying to determine if any of the load from these trusses is borne by the highlighted wall. The wall is built with 2x6s, but ...
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3answers
6k views

How can I make self-tapping sheet metal screws go into metal studs more easily?

I am framing metal stud walls to hang drywall in my basement. When using self-tapping sheet metal screws to secure the metal studs to the top and bottom stud tracks, it seems like the screws often ...
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2answers
340 views

Adding 2X4 ceiling under lath and plaster

If my old lath and plaster living room ceiling is solid and I am frame (2X4) and sheetrocking the ceiling 10 inches below the old one , Can I leave the old ceiling up there or do I have to remove it?
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3answers
1k views

Going from conduit to NM in new framed wall (commercial)

I'm framing up an office inside a warehouse using 2x4 lumber. There is a framed wall against an existing side wall of the warehouse. Along the existing wall is conduit and two boxes with receptacles. ...
2
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3answers
22k views

Can I drill a 3 1/2" hole through 5 joists?

I need to move a toilet to the other side of room approx. 6 ft I will have to drill a 3.5 in hole for the waste line in 5 floor joist on the second floor. Can I double them and still drill the 3.5 in ...
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4answers
4k views

Make new walls match thickness of old walls

I'm working in a 1952 house and the studs used then are apparently 3 5/8" thick instead of the studs today at 3 1/2". I know it's really close so I'm wondering if I fill in door ways along a wall to ...
2
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4answers
84 views

Door jamb wider than framed entry

I'm trying to figure out the best approach for this issue I ran into. So I have a door jamb that sits at 79.5" wide and the actual frame is at 79.25" wide. I have 3 options: trim either the hinge ...
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3answers
99 views

Can I add strips of lumber to studs in a framed wall to meet plumbing hole size limitations?

If you want to fit a 2” PVC pipe with 2.375” OD in a non load bearing wall stud, it needs to be less than or equal to 60% of the width of the stud. i.e a stud which would need to be just over 3.95” in ...
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2answers
859 views

Should window headers be set against the top plate or at rough opening height?

I've been building load bearing walls with the header located at the top of the desired window or door opening, but have had a couple people comment on how I should be putting the header directly ...
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1answer
132 views

Is it normal or necessary to line gas fireplace cavities with drywall?

Some drywall and framing was demolished around my gas fireplace during a drain tile installation. It looks like the framing/walls around the fireplace are built on 2x4's with fire resistant drywall on ...
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1answer
152 views

beam to replace 5 studs of wall

I recently removed 2 studs from a wall and now I feel like it is not enough, so I intend to remove 3 more. The house is 26' wide and 30' long, built in 1918. It has a basement, main floor, and attic....
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2answers
879 views

ELECTRICIAN BORED 4" HOLE through top & bottom chords in attic — how to fix?

I'm extremely concerned; hopefully unnecessarily so. We recently upgraded our electrical panel and I just noticed (about a month and a half later) that the electrician bored a 3.5" hole through what I ...
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2answers
2k views

Why are top-mount joist and purlin hangers shorter than actual lumber dimensions?

Looking at the load tables for various products, purlin hangers are often shorter than the actual size lumber they're supposed to hang: USP JPF USP HL The size difference seems more consistent at ...
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2answers
14k views

What type of nail gun is recommended?

Was reading this post: Are cheap electric brad nail guns worth it for fixing mouldings? I'm in the middle of fixing up an older home. I have an air compressor with a couple air powered brad-nailers (...
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2answers
4k views

How do you install blocking in a straight line?

When installing blocking that is staggered, you can end-nail it. But what about when it's important for the blocking to be in a straight line? For example, when you want to support butted-edges of ...
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2answers
7k views

How do you frame a wall around existing pipes and ducting?

Adding ducting or conduit or pipes to a wall is easy, you just drill or cut a hole. Adding a wall where there is already conduit and pipes poses more of a dilemma, especially if those things are ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Is it better to pull old nails or hammer them flat?

When doing work like replacing drywall and trim, I'll pull all the old unused nails from the studs, joists, etc. I do this mainly for two reasons: a) so they don't get in the way of new fasteners ...
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6answers
146 views

How do you make flush cuts to a precise depth?

I'm renovating a small shed that was built with 2x4 wall studs on top of 2x6 bottom plates, for some reason. I'm realizing that this will create a problem once I get to the drywall and flooring stages,...
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2answers
237 views

Can I remove the rafter ties from my hand-framed garage roof?

Rehabbing my garage wanted to know if it’s OK to remove the Cross braces left to right and front to back ![
2
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2answers
697 views

Framing long walls in sections and keeping 16" OC Layout

When you frame a long exterior wall and do it in sections, say a 50' 2x6 wall in 16' sections, how do you efficiently keep 16" O.C. layout when the next wall section would throw off the 16" OC Layout? ...
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3answers
196 views

Is a tilted drywall joint at an angled roof intersection to be expected?

We have an older house and looking to sell it. We have a contractor in to add a small closet to my son’s room since we didn’t have one in there. The problem is that the joint between the wall and ...
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2answers
1k views

How to attach a top plate to a plaster and lath ceiling for a closet?

I'm looking to add a closet to a room in my house. I took down the walls (and have since had drywall put back up) so I know where the studs are in the walls, but I don't know where the ceiling joists ...
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2answers
3k views

How much weight can my garage's ceiling joists support?

I've got a detached garage which was built in the 1940s and I'm trying to figure out whether it's safe to add an attic ladder and use the attic space for storage. The ceiling joists are 2x6 [pine/fir],...
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3answers
1k views

Triple 2x4 beam post bowing away from foundation wall

We have a fairly new home (2007). I noticed a strange issue that has to be fixed. The pictures below show 3 stacked 2x4's holding up a laminated beam; the 2x4's are bowing out. This is the only stack ...
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3answers
12k views

Can you lay subfloor on concrete before framing interior walls?

Our unfinished basement has a concrete floor and poured concrete walls. It has stayed completely dry all year for a decade since the house was built. I will be framing the exterior walls 1" from the ...
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3answers
4k views

Re-framing basement walls after flooding. Drain tile with no concrete?

Im getting ready to re-frame basement walls after basement flood (shocking images attached). I'll be doing this for every wall portion that can possibly flood: 1) ridgid XPS foam insulation ...
2
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1answer
89 views

What is the most cost-efficient design of a 16' temporary wooden ramp?

I need to build a 2'x16' ramp to load a shipping container on a semi trailer. What is the cheapest design of 2x boards and plywood to do this with? EDIT: I have now built this ramp and used it ...
2
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1answer
886 views

Can I use a 16 gauge nail gun for framing lumber?

Can I safely use a Bostich 16 gauge nail gun to toenail stud grade 2x4s? The nail head is stationary at 90 degrees. The project: bay window seating. Issue: front rail & plate supported by ...
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2answers
72 views

How to frame a rough opening on an existing header?

I am trying to convert my garage, and the garage door wall has a header on it. I am trying to frame a wall with a rough opening for a window and was wondering how I would fit the king studs, do I ...
2
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1answer
80 views

Options for cable runs through off-center plates

I wan't to do 20 or so Cat6 runs from my office\garage wall up through to the attic then out from there. My issue lies in the construction of the space between floors. The first photo is a photo of a ...
2
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1answer
322 views

What are the differences between pneumatic nail types like “smooth” and “ring” for house framing?

I'm getting my material list together to frame a house and am a bit confused by all the similar looking pneumatic nails which all have a slightly different wording/features and different prices, ...
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3answers
99 views

Will fasteners straighten a pressure treated bottom plate?

I am framing a basement and have been working at my own pace. Because of this some of the pressure treated boards I purchased have developed a twist to them. I don't want to go through all the ...
2
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1answer
153 views

How to install hinges after cutting custom door past wooden edges and composite exposed?

I had to cut a standard door (30x80) down to a custom size to fit into a custom opening for a renovation project. On the hinge side, I had to remove enough material that I am now past the solid ...
2
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2answers
157 views

How should I fix a previous owners mistakes in this bathroom? (see pictures)

I recently bought a fairly old house (circa 1900). I am in the middle of demo-ing the full bathroom and need some help. After removing the fiberglass shower wall, I found standard drywall which was, ...
2
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1answer
2k views

What are guidelines for drilling into a top plate?

Application example: If one wants to add a new receptacle on the second floor in a finished room with no receptacles, the easiest method appears to be doing the wiring in the attic. However, this ...
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5answers
2k views

How can I determine if it's safe to remove this beam in my garage?

I want to remove a roughly 18' beam that goes across my garage. Oddly, it's the only one at this level. The ceiling beams are all about 28 inches higher. When I touch this beam it wobbles quite a bit, ...
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3answers
3k views

Fill drained rocks or gravels around tree base surrounding by deck

I am building a low level deck around a tree that is almost 7 feet diameter. This is the framing right now: Originally I wanted to build a bench around it but I ran out of time and decking boards; ...
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2answers
2k views

Nails for deck framing

I was told (as well as read online) that I should use 16d nails for deck framing. However I have been using nails labeled "Grip-Rite 5-lb 16D 3.5-in Hot-Dipped Galvanized Smooth Box Nails" in the ...
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1answer
1k views

All-around header dimensions for external wall

Putting in two small windows as part of our kitchen remodel (21" x 31"). They are going in an exterior gable wall, framed with 2x6's. I can't get a straight answer from anyone about what "size" ...
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1answer
1k views

Why are there shims under my studs?

My house was built in 1928 (in Altadena, CA). My detached garage looks like the same vintage, but I don't know for sure. On at least 2 of the garage walls, there are shims between the sill/mud plate ...
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2answers
4k views

Where to split long walls

I'm trying to build walls for my basement, and not surprisingly, many walls are longer than 8/10/12/16ft. For many walls, I was thinking of putting up two 8' or 10' walls with the stud straddling ...
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2answers
12k views

Adding sidelights to a front entrance that does not have them

I am trying to determine the cost, effort and complexity of adding sidelights to an entrance way that currently does not have them. Would the entire front door way need to be re-framed, header, ...
2
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1answer
277 views

False roof frame in ceiling

Have never figured out what this is. There is basically a false roof frame in the attic. The peak is the opposite direction of the actual roof. As far as I know there hasn't been any major remodeling ...
2
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1answer
3k views

Remove closet center support beam?

I have a bump-out closet in an addition. It had two sets of bi-fold doors, separated by a beam in the middle. The beam seems to bare very little load, and I'd like to remove it for one continuous ...
2
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1answer
2k views

What is the difference between LVL 1.9 and 2.0?

A structural engineer gave me a header design using beams made from LVL 1.9. Looking around, I'm seeing more LVL 2.0 available locally. What is the difference?
2
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1answer
996 views

Have these cuts for a gas line structurally compromised my studs?

We are in the midst of a kitchen remodel and yesterday had someone come and run a new gas line as we are making the switch from an electric to a gas range. This fellow is a well rated pro but I'm ...
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2answers
375 views

What's the point of a thin (1/4" width) piece of wood set diagonally between two studs?

What's the point of a thin (1/4" width, ~2-3" wide) piece of wood set diagonally between two studs? I just took out a piece of drywall for some other work I'm doing, and between two studs, there's ...
2
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1answer
3k views

What can I do about out of square rough opening for new windows?

I am building a new patio/sunroom, and I have framed up a small shear wall, along with openings for 2 new 4x6 windows. As I tried to install the windows today, I realize that the openings are out of ...

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