Questions tagged [framing]

For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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3k views

Is it common to have no ceiling joists above joist-parallel walls?

I own an old 1 story house that was built in 1926. Looking in the attic, I've noticed that all the interior walls that run parallel to the ceiling joists have no joist above them. These walls are ...
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1answer
315 views

What lumber should be used for indoor stair stringers?

I have seen some books say to use laminated 1.5" plywood to build the stringers because they do not warp. Others say 2x12 stock works but I do not want to deal with warping over time. So, what do you ...
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1answer
2k views

What is the point of this doorway “header”, and can I simply remove it?

We're remodeling a room with a severely undersized doorway - it is much shorter than the standard 6'8", so much so that I hit my head on the jamb if I don't duck when walking through it. After ...
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2answers
2k views

Ceiling joists hung below top plate

Exploring the possibility of turning the attic of our 100-year-old house into a living space. I knew the joists were only 2x6 and would need to be strengthened through interlacing. But when I pulled ...
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1answer
3k views

How to frame a wall around existing exterior door

Framing a basement. I have a an exterior door that is set in the poured foundation. I'm building my wall that runs parallel to foundation that has the existing door and is ~2-4" from the foundation. ...
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1answer
396 views

What causes seasonal doors and how do you prevent it?

I understand that wood expands and contracts based on temperature, humidity, and other factors... However in our house the doors are really subject to seasonal changes. For instance my bedroom door ...
3
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1answer
2k views

What's the best way to lay out sheathing around a doorway?

Does it matter how you sheath around an exterior door? I think it would be stronger to break the sheathing over the door than at the corners, but I'm not sure. The wall is not load-bearing. Studs are ...
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1answer
9k views

How do I nail plywood to flat roof framing?

I am putting some 3/4 plywood on top of 2x6 framing joists on my flat garage roof. The framing is spaced 16oc. I figured that I place 4x8 plywood sheets in such way that their short edge will be ...
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3answers
20k views

Remodeling a pre-1920's home with planks on the interior walls

I own an older home in central PA; my guess it is pre-1920's and I was going to remodel the living room and insulate the walls and run new wiring. The walls are horse hair plaster; when I removed the ...
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1answer
4k views

Frame drywall around brick fireplace

Below is my fireplace with the old stones removed. Now it's "bare bone" and up to me to redesign it. I am planning to put drywall on top and mantel on the bottom with tiles around like this But then ...
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3answers
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Guidelines for poured concrete over corrugated metal

It seems common in some commercial construction to use corrugated steel plates to form a 'deck' surface which concrete is later poured onto. The combined steel/concrete then forms a very strong floor ...
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1answer
106 views

Framing a non-load bearing basement wall - are plates required to be a single piece?

Are either top or bottom plates required to be 1 continuous piece of lumber? If it's not required, what is the best way to attach the separate sections; a lapping piece over the top of the joint?
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2answers
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Can a 10' high wall be built with 2x4's in Ontario?

I'm building a 1400 sq. ft addition which will be mostly covered with a flat (very low sloped) roof, with a second storey bedroom over the rest. I'd like to have 4" of continuous rigid exterior ...
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1answer
1k views

Can I properly install Roxul mineral wool batts in a mostly-drywalled stud bay by pushing them up from below?

Using my nifty thermal camera, I discovered that my furnace closet's combustion air duct (visible in this question) is getting really hot when the attic heats up, and then (being sheet metal) it ...
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2answers
30k views

Framing long walls - Lots of 8' sections or should I use longer top plates

For interior walls (bearing and non) I'm wondering what the preferred method for framing might be on long walls. For example a hallway. Should I just use normal ~8' long 2x4 as top plates and stagger ...
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2answers
17k views

Interior wall installation over hardwood finished floor?

I'm looking at moving my interior walls around. We are planning to keep our existing floor and replace open spaces with the same floor. We will be refinishing the floors when the wall moving is done. ...
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1answer
8k views

How do I go about framing a half wall into a full wall?

My house has an second floor open loft area with a half wall that overlooks the foyer down below. I would like to enclose the half wall, add a closet and door to create a fourth bedroom. How do I go ...
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1answer
7k views

Load Bearing Beam Hole

So my dad came over today to do electrical but I didn't realize he was going to drill holes into the load bearing beam to route cables. It looks like this and there's 2 of them: The diameter of the ...
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1answer
1k views

I can't notch king studs to fit an electrical box, right?

My office has a wall of closely spaced windows. I am looking to remove one window and replace with a swinging patio door. A 3'-0" door is easily framed inside this ~42" opening with a couple 2x4's to ...
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1answer
3k views

How do I property tie a top plate that is bored instead of notched?

IRC section R602.6.1 has this to say about "Drilling and notching of top plate:" When piping or ductwork is placed in or partly in an exterior wall or interior load-bearing wall, necessitating ...
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2answers
3k views

Is there a “Right” direction to build soffit with plywood?

Is there a right or wrong way to face the plywood when building a soffit for ductwork? I was following a tutorial from Family Handyman http://www.familyhandyman.com/basement/how-to-finish-a-basement-...
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2answers
9k views

Newly framed bathroom wall not square, how bad will the tile look?

I'm in the middle of a new bathroom install and have hit a bit of a snag with a bathroom wall being out of square. This bathroom was just framed from scratch, and as you can see from the attached ...
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1answer
14k views

Which method of framing a soffit around rectangular ductwork maximizes ceiling height?

I need to put a soffit around 18"(W) x 8"(H) x 23'(L) rectangular HVAC ductwork in my basement and I am very near to the minimal code requirements for ceiling height for obstructions before adding a ...
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3answers
6k views

Proper way to connect joist to top plate?

What's the proper way to connect an element like this: I was thinking hurricane ties but was wondering if there was a better connector.
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1answer
3k views

Can I build 11' x 5.5' loft with 2x2x8 beam and 2x4 joist?

I have looked at a lot of span tables and calculators and am not sure if I can safely build this loft. It is in a garage and will need to bear the weight of two or three people and a build-in desk ...
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1answer
649 views

What is the proper way to frame in a room?

I'm looking to frame in this room (photo 2) to utilize the space for a 1st floor bathroom / 1st floor laundry room / storage. I think I have the process down having seen my uncles and brothers houses ...
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1answer
157 views

Is it a problem that I see daylight through my shed's soffit?

First and foremost - please excuse my ignorance and improper use of terminology. I have a free standing garage with a mono-pitched / shed style roof: The garage is unfinished inside and I noticed ...
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1answer
1k views

Half wall supporting 18" overhanging counter — can this be done?

As part of an upcoming kitchen remodel we plan on knocking down a (non-load bearing) wall between the dining room and kitchen. We are thinking of converting a portion of the existing wall to a half ...
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1answer
197 views

Bowed 2x4s in attic: are these really doing what I think they are?

I am in a rental house. I just looked at the attic for the first time today, and saw this line of 2x4s apparently supporting the roof, and apparently severely bowing under the strain. I only saw ...
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1answer
321 views

Adding a bulkhead to a framed/stud wall

I am looking to build a framed/stud wall that's roughly 3500mm wide and 100mm deep but I also need to add a bulkhead to a section of it, see the image below: Do I: A: Build the full width of the ...
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2answers
488 views

How can I support second-floor beams when replacing posts in the basement?

We are excavating our half basement and need to replace the support posts with new ones on new footings. The problem is that 2 of the 3 posts also extend to the 2nd floor. We can't just jack up the ...
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1answer
421 views

Should I remove the 2x4 between the joists of this deck?

I'm working on replacing the decking on an existing deck. While removing the old decking, I came across something I've not seen before. I've seen decks framed as illustrated below, where members are ...
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1answer
370 views

Which way should my joists run for a tray ceiling?

I'm getting ready to frame in a tray ceiling in my closet. The dimensions are 70" x 30". I was thinking about just using one 2x6 joist that spans the entire length (70") of the trey ceiling right ...
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3answers
708 views

New replacement windows: what happens when I change thickness of exterior siding?

Can I order/do they sell windows that can accommodate changing the wall thickness at a later date? I want to replace some windows in my house, but - at some later point - I also want to re-side the ...
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2answers
1k views

How to calculate dead/live load on this 2x4 structure

Here is my general plan. These will be built in the corner of a room and each bay will have a lag into the wall's 2x4 including one in the adjacent wall. The idea is to build these 2x4 frames and ...
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2answers
474 views

Need to install wood framing in a pipe filled wall to be able to hang shelving

I've got this wall, from which I've ripped off the drywall. The wall is 5' wide, 9' high. There's 4 flimsy metal studs and I'd like to install a few big sheets of plywood over those so I can put up 6 ...
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1answer
174 views

What is longest distance without attaching a top plate of interior wall

I have an interior wall in a building with metal roof trusses and drop ceilings. There are no wooden truss members or joists to attach the top plate of the wall. The interior wall will attach to an ...
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1answer
651 views

Should there be waterproofing between the rim joist and ledger on new construction?

My new house is being built with a deck and I noticed that the framer has fastened the ledger directly to the rim joist without any sort of waterproofing between. The sheathing which is Zip system ...
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1answer
3k views

Should I frame a wall before or after installing the subfloor?

I just ripped out the subfloor in my bathroom to make plumbing easier since I am changing the layout of my bathroom. I also want to increase the size of the bathroom and eat into the walk-in closet ...
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1answer
927 views

How do I build the support structure for a 36"x14' built-in desk?

I would like to build a 36 in deep desk into a 14ft wide space that has floor to ceiling windows along the back. My initial idea is put cleat plates on the side walls, then run a 2x6 joist at 12 in ...
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3answers
713 views

What types of materials should I consider when designing a bench?

I am building a dividing half-wall/shelving unit to separate my living room from entrance door. I am planning to put a bench on the side closer to the door (so me and my guests can sit down while ...
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1answer
121 views

Is it OK to drill/notch an end joist (not rim/band joist) as long as it's continuously supported by a foundation wall?

I'm in the process of trying to run some CAT6 and speaker wire at various places in my house. One of the things I'd like to do is run speaker wire in the living room to a wall plate behind my sofa, ...
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0answers
251 views

How to install drywall on existing basement stairs?

We are finishing our basement stairs, and I'm struggling with how to drywall the side that is parallel to and tight against the foundation. Should I pull down the stairs, frame the wall, hang drywall, ...
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1answer
2k views

Notch Stud for Electrical Work Box

I have some switches that are a little further from a door frame than I'd like (because I intend to put cabinetry on that wall and the switch might be in the way). I've seen the 25% notching ...
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2answers
2k views

Are there span tables published for repairing a cut roof joist?

A roofing company mistakenly cut a 2 foot section out of a roof joist, on my home. I'm seeking a reference to what would constitute a proper repair, preferably a prescriptive code or a load table. ...
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3answers
594 views

What kind of jacks are used for lifting of framing in various situations?

I have two vertical house jacks from the local tool library, which I've used to support framing during extensive dry rot and termite repair: I'm into a section where the house jacks won't work. I ...
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2answers
397 views

How can I remove studs and screws from the inside of drywall when installing a pocket door without needing to do paint and patch work on both sides?

I'm planning on taking a few weeks off to do some DIY in the fall, and one of those things is replacing the standard-hinged door in my walk-in closet with a pocket door. This is a non-load bearing ...
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2answers
347 views

16“ center bracket to 24” center framing

I'm installing a tankless water heater (150lbs static load, 10" deep) I only have one option for installation and it is a 2x3 framed wall with 24" centers. The Top bracket is designed to mount on ...
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2answers
173 views

How can I reduce a rough opening height 1-1/4"?

I'm building a new master bedroom closet. The wife wants a specific 30x80" door which requires a rough-in of 32x82. Unfortunately, the measurement from the top plate to the subfloor is 83 1/4". I'm ...
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1answer
9k views

Is it possible to notch framing studs for installing conduit w/out structure collapsing?

I have a garage which is a simple structure - 4 walls, garage door, and a normal door. The structure is framed as one would expect, studs 16 inches apart. I want to put some extra wood paneling as an ...

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