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Questions tagged [framing]

For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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25
votes
3answers
5k views

Diagonal brace left in the basement by builder. Can I remove it? Replace it?

I have a diagonal brace running across an interior wall in the basement, and it even goes partially into the floor concrete. Is this meant to be permanent, or was it supposed to be removed during ...
24
votes
5answers
3k views

How do you find helpers for larger DIY projects?

Question: In cases where you have the time and skills to do a project yourself, but physically cannot without a second skilled person to help, how do you go about finding and hiring someone that is ...
22
votes
5answers
11k views

Is it OK that the frame of my house doesn't line up with the slab?

My new house is being framed. I saw that the frame extends 1-2" from the foundation: Click photograph for full size The builder told me it happens often and the city inspector will catch it if this ...
20
votes
5answers
32k views

How do I find studs when stud finders won't work?

I was trying to hang my TV at my new place, on an interior wall (between living room and a bathroom). Using the stud finder on other walls worked fine, but on this wall I got some very strange ...
20
votes
2answers
3k views

Will removing shelving screws from studs damage the studs?

We live in a newly built home. My husband hung some Ikea shoe bins on the wall and mounted them in to the studs. I am going to paint the hallway and would like to remove the bins and hooks, patch the ...
14
votes
5answers
5k views

How can I fix a framing mistake so I can drywall?

I’m demoing a kitchen and discovered that the top plate sticks into the room a half inch farther than the studs. The current drywall is attached to the studs and therefore is even with this top plate ...
14
votes
7answers
42k views

What are framing dimensions like in the metric world?

I was always curious about this. In the states we have: Lumber - Comes most commonly in 2 inch (2x4,6,8,10,12,16) and 4 inch (4x4,4x6) varieties. Plywood - Almost always 4x8 feet Drywall/...
14
votes
2answers
17k views

Can I remove a wall stud to install a pet door?

We only have one option for a wall that the pet door would go in. After measuring we found that the door would have to go right in the middle of a stud. Is it safe to cut through the stud?
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Should cement board be glued and screwed to the studs?

I've seen some people recommend that cement board be glued and screwed to the stud framing for wall and ceiling application. I haven't seen this recommendation on any of the manufacturers install ...
12
votes
4answers
144k views

How do you secure wood framing to a concrete basement floor?

I'm using Pressure treated lumber for the bottom plate in a basement finishing project. What should I use to seperate the wood from the concrete? What are ways to secure the bottom plate to the floor?...
11
votes
4answers
28k views

What is a shear wall and what is it for?

I have a wall in the middle of my house which I have been told is a shear wall. The image below is a diagram I put together real quick to show what it looks like. The grey lines on the right are ...
11
votes
2answers
9k views

When should you use metal studs?

When does it make sense to use metal framing for an interior wall? What are the advantages to traditional wood framing?
10
votes
1answer
3k views

Are there any dangers to sistering a joist with oversize lumber?

I've done some research lately on joist sistering as a solution to bouncy floors. The logic seems to revolve around the following principles. The stress of carrying a load is at the center of the ...
10
votes
3answers
121k views

At a 6' span, how much can an SPF 2x4 turned on 3.5" end support?

The ends are secured, so how much load can a 6' span of SPF 2x4 support when turned on 3.5"?
10
votes
3answers
13k views

Window framing on old construction

I'm redoing a kitchen but I've hired a contractor to do a portion of the work. One of the jobs he was hired to do was to move and reframe two windows. He finished that job today and I'm really ...
9
votes
3answers
8k views

Is the wall between a home and an attached garage built as an “exterior wall”?

I have an attached garage. There is an exterior-rated door between the garage and the living space. Should the entire wall be built as an exterior wall, as far as sheathing, width, etc? Is there a ...
9
votes
1answer
6k views

How to attach a 2x beam to the side of a post?

I want to attach a 2x to the side of a vertical 4x4 post. I can think of several options: nails through bolts lag screws a cleat under the beam Sampson Deck-Joist Tie I know that notching the post ...
8
votes
5answers
30k views

How many Tapcons should be used to anchor a baseplate to a concrete floor?

I'm building a non-structural wall in my basement. I'm using Pressure-treated lumber on top of a foam sill gasket to protect from any moisture. How many tapcons should be used per 8-foot length to ...
8
votes
3answers
11k views

Framing an appliance opening in a load bearing wall?

I bought a fridge that is much too deep (first time buying a new house/new appliances) and unfortunately the appliance place does not take exchanges or returns. I am considering recessing the fridge ...
8
votes
4answers
25k views

How do I get all these wires up from the basement to the attic?

I'd like to run new cabling for data, voice and tv but I'm having a hard time figuring out how to get some of the wires up to the attic for the 2nd floor and would like some advice. I've run cables, ...
7
votes
6answers
11k views

What is the purpose of horizontal blocks on a bearing wall?

In my basement, the bearing wall has horizontal blocks between each stud, similar to what you see in this picture: . There is one place on the wall where one of the blocks was removed to place an ...
7
votes
4answers
6k views

Why should I use advanced nails instead of wood screws for strength?

Recently I found that there're some superior nails for constructing hurricane-resistant houses - with very clever design for preventing pulling the nails out and tearing the boards off when the ...
7
votes
4answers
13k views

What is the best way to remove a non load bearing wall?

I have a wall that I want to knock out as part of a kitchen remodel. The wall is non load bearing, so its fine to take out. The question is, what's the best way to do it? I imagine there's not a ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Can I extend my loft hatch opening?

I am hoping to extend the opening for my loft hatch using the following method. I want to move the cross piece from position Q to position P. I intend to screw a temporary support across the top of ...
7
votes
2answers
49k views

How do I determine rough opening sizes for common closet door sizes?

At the hardware store I see bifold closet doors listed in sizes like 36x80, 48x80, 72x80. I'm not sure if these are nominal sizes or exactly which parts they're measuring from. How would I determine ...
7
votes
3answers
9k views

What to do about a rotten top plate in the wall of old home addition?

This week's rainstorms brought a leak in my roof above a set of windows that are at the low end of a single-story addition with a shallow roof. Our search for the source of the leak (which turned out ...
7
votes
2answers
128k views

Proper size of header to support new door in load bearing wall?

We're going to install a new linen closet off the hallway next to our recently(ish) remodeled bathroom. The wall in question is load bearing. I know how to properly build out the King and Jack studs,...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

How accurate does a door rough-in need to be?

Having never installed a pre-hung door before, I am wondering how accurate does the door rough-in need to be? I am planning on installing a 28" bathroom door, which has a 30" rough in. After framing ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I frame this multi-level deck?

I'm designing an addition onto my existing deck (the existing deck is not pictured below). The addition will be roughly 20' by 15', and I'm planning on making a portion of it a single step lower. ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

How to frame for a porch beam?

I am working on a 10' x 12' building with a 6' porch (16' x 12' overall). Roof is a simple gable that will cover the porch. The porch roof will rest on 2x beams, which are supported by posts at one ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

For a small building, should joists or girders run the long dimension?

I'm planning to frame a 12' x 16' floor. Should the joists be 12', and the beams 16'? Or vice versa? More detail: 4x4 posts on concrete piers; 12' x 10' will be enclosed; 12' x 6' will be a covered ...
7
votes
2answers
47k views

Pouring a concrete slab against my house: how to frame it up against the outside wall?

I have a concrete front stoop that drains some water into the basement, so I am going to knock it out and pour a new slab with better grading. The slab will be about 4 feet square, and fits into a ...
7
votes
3answers
36k views

What size ceiling joists and rafters should I use for a 14' span?

I'm going to build a single story addition to my home with a width of 14ft. I plan on using ceiling joists every 16" but I'm not sure which size to get. The roof will be asphalt shingles and the attic ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What can I do about a Rough opening that is REALLY out of square?

The house I am living in has a rather interesting problem. Due to what I suspect was Jack Daniels building inspections in this town in the 80's, the footing wall under the second floor dining room ...
6
votes
2answers
20k views

What type of screws should I use in framing an area for a drywall patch?

As is evident in my previous posts, I'm in the process of framing an interior wall for drywall patch repair. I'd like to know what types of screws to use for connecting new 2x4's. When I visited our ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

Is toenailing necessary for a joist-to-ledger attachment?

Is it sufficient to rest joists on joist hangers or should you always toenail (drive screws/nails at an angle through the joist). And does the toenail have to drive into the ledger or just hold the ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Frame or floor planks first?

Is it best to frame a powder room and a couple closets first, on top of plywood subfloor, or best to lay hardwood planks first then frame on top? I guess it would be fewer cuts to frame second. What ...
6
votes
1answer
788 views

How big is a framed opening for a door relative to the finished door opening width?

How much space should be allowed between studs to allow for a door? For example, if the finished door has a 30" opening, then what should be the distance between the framing studs that enclose the ...
6
votes
3answers
8k views

How should I frame in a large window opening to install a smaller window?

I'm replacing some windows in my house. The original window openings were outsized for the rooms, so the replacement windows I've chosen are smaller, which means framing in the part of the opening ...
6
votes
2answers
15k views

What are the best practices for a low deck built half on a concrete slab?

In our current place, we moved the main access door from going into the kitchen, to entering an old laundry room converted to a mud room. In order to do so, the front door was moved over about 4', ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Can I install a row of bricks on a slab to support a shed?

I am designing a shed for my garden and I would like to build the shed inset from the concrete base by about 20cm on each side. The concrete base already exists (built before I brought my house). It ...
6
votes
3answers
19k views

Is it OK to drill through a jack stud/full stud pair to cut a hole for water heater drain pipe?

I just had a new water heater installed in my garage. My city building / plumbing codes require that the water heater overflow drain be drained to the outside of the house. Situation: The heater ...
6
votes
3answers
23k views

How can I choose the best lag screw / lag bolt?

I will be fastening Unistrut vertically along studs to facilitate garage storage, and want some guidance on choosing the "best" lag bolts to use. I want them large enough to handle hundreds of pounds ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

How much temporary bracing do you need when cutting a new exterior door opening in an existing house?

I'd like to add a door to the back side of my garage, but since this is a load bearing wall I'll have to brace it temporarily while I frame the opening. The garage has one room above it, which spans ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

What type of plywood for shower bench?

I'm framing in a 40" x 16" shower bench and I plan on using 3/4" plywood. I plan on using granite to sit on top of the seat. I would like to know what kind of plywood I should use for the seat? ...
6
votes
3answers
7k views

Do the nails stick out at all when toe-nailing studs?

So I'm attempting to do the "stick framing" method of building a non-bearing wall. I've got pnumatic nailer and I'm toe-nailing nails on each side. The problem is, because of the angle the nail ...
6
votes
4answers
5k views

Does this 2x4 support my gable ridge?

I'm installing a floor in my attic. To open up the space and simplify the flooring I'm removing temporary construction bracing. Most of the bracing is easy to identify, since it clearly does not ...
6
votes
1answer
13k views

What is a reasonable expectation of decibel reduction when sound proofing?

Background I'm currently renting an apartment in a very old building and have a lot of trouble sleeping because of the noise. My apartment is underneath the main entry way; and people come in and ...
6
votes
1answer
10k views

What are the advantages and disadvantages to timber framing vs. platform framing?

Within in the next 10-years, my wife and I would like to replace the old modular home on our property with a new house. I've been having some discussions with a friend of mine who is a huge fan of ...
6
votes
2answers
159 views

How can I replace the siding on my garage when its on the property line, and 12" adjacent to another structure?

My garage is right on the property line, and my so is my neighbors. Its not a shared wall, but the two are about a 1 foot (maybe 1.5 feet) apart. Its not enough room for me to squeeze back there. ...