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Questions tagged [framing]

For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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4answers
8k views

How should I connect two beams to a post at a corner?

I'm constructing a 15'x20' screened porch. I've completed work up to the footings, posts, ledger, and joists. I'm now ready to install 4x4 posts around the perimeter which will hold 2x4 bottom plate, ...
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3answers
2k views

How to fix joist hangers where joist is not fully on seat of hanger

This is an old house and pictures show the framing and joists around a stairway opening. Compared to the “before” picture, you can see that the wood was removed from both sides of the double header. ...
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0answers
36 views

Causes of a framing nailer driver stuck in down position?

I have an Hitachi NR90AC5. It's oiled and has adequate pressure. There's something that's gone wrong with it recently, where it sometimes double fires (in single fire mode) and then the piston gets ...
3
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1answer
6k views

How do I go about framing a half wall into a full wall?

My house has an second floor open loft area with a half wall that overlooks the foyer down below. I would like to enclose the half wall, add a closet and door to create a fourth bedroom. How do I go ...
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1answer
19 views

does “clear opening” on rafter loading tables mean horizontal projection?

I am looking at some tables of allowable roof loads for southern yellow pine: http://www.southernpine.com/app/uploads/AL_27-32L.pdf Rafters are typically at an angle to horizontal. I'm wondering if ...
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0answers
25 views

Recommendation of whether current structure is sound, or bracing or a new header needed

Previously, there was a pocket door in a non-load bearing opening (jack and jill bathroom). There was a double top plate, cripples to a 2x10 header, and a jack stud on either side of the header. It ...
0
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1answer
53 views

What are my options for grab bar blocking when pipes are in the way?

As part of my master bathroom remodel I'm adding blocking for grab bars. In most areas where I need blocking, I can just use 2-by-something blocking without any problem. There's a corner though where ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Installing sheathing with Staples or Ring Shank?

Wanted to ask the community about their experience with code and reasoning for using one or the other. I'm talking about fastening 7/16" OSB to walls and 5/8" OSB to roofs. Do you use narrow crown ...
0
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1answer
96 views

Should I frame out my foundation walls before or after I install the subfloor?

I'm about to start on finishing our basement and I'm going to put down a subfloor of DMX AG along with 5/8" T&G OSB. Should I frame out my perimeter foundation walls before the subfloor or after? ...
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3answers
53 views

Fit a door in a tight space

I have a garage with an odd size entry (not bay) door. The old door, which recently broke, was only 24" x 70". Time to put in a new door. My intent is to enlarge the opening for a more standard size....
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2answers
75 views

Can I use 4 x 4 to extend the space from the wall with a tv mount?

I have my 60" tv mounted on a tv mounted to the wall per the instructions. However, I do not get enough swivel before the edge of the tv hits the wall. So I want to attach two 4x4's from the ground ...
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1answer
65 views

Splicing wall plates at doors and windows?

2x6 construction, exterior load bearing walls. Recently started trying to splice long walls with the end stud landing half on first wall plate and half on second wall plate so the stud joining the ...
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0answers
56 views

How to deal with drain pipe sticking out of bathroom wall

This is the picture of a wall behind the toilet. You can see the black pipe sticking out of the drywall about 1" The previous owner decided to build a box around it. I didn't know what was inside and ...
0
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2answers
61 views

Can I cut into a header to install a taller exterior door?

I have a double wide mobile home with existing slider and replacing it with french doors. The size is going from 71 1/2 x 76 to 71 1/2 x 80. I don't believe that there are cripple studs above the ...
4
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1answer
153 views

How do you secure solid blocking in joists without staggering them?

I have some construction being done and the plan is to install blocking in the I-joists which I presume will consist of solid blocks of wood about 16 x 11 x 1.5 placed inbetween each joist in a row. ...
1
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1answer
45 views

How to build around metal column?

I'm a bit stuck as to what I should do right now I've completed the framing in my basement. I realized the wall connected to this metal pipe was supposed to ideally be built using 2x6 rather than 2x4 ...
0
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1answer
106 views

Metal Studs - How they should be installed?

What is the way metal stud should be installed? Is there a reason they should be, a same way, as in upside down? And precut - holes line up.
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2answers
41 views

Joist layout, starting with Rim then Joist sistered, or just rim board?

I have a question about I-Joist layout in framing. I know that I-Joists are not strong to resist squishing, so that means rim board must be used to help that vertical load, but when you run all your ...
1
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2answers
238 views

Fireblocking a balloon framed house lead to rot in the walls?

Conditions: Balloon framed construction, house built in 1930, Southern Connecticut region Does installing a fire-stop or Fireblocking where the sill plate and rim joist meet, block airflow and ...
1
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1answer
60 views

Boxing out floor joists when using 11-7/8 I-Joists?

Back in the day with dimensional lumber joists, it was common to box out an area for something like a tub drain that could not be moved due to floor plan layout. I remember seeing 2x8 or 2x10's ...
0
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0answers
43 views

Frame a jack stud without bottom plate?

I need to frame a small header in my kitchen exterior wall for a range hood exhaust because the 8" hole is dead center on a stud (of course). It's a 2 story 1941 house with 2x4s 16 on center. The ...
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2answers
94 views

Bowed Wall / Running Corners: Help Me Tackle Getting Studs in Plane

So here is my conundrum: I'm dealing with some wavy walls in a very old home and clearly the framing is all over the place. The worst offending wall has what seems to be a pretty large almost 4' span ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Removing or modifying bridges between truss or joists to make way for ducting

I want to run ducting for a kitchen extractor through the ground-floor ceiling of a two story building in order to get it to an external wall. The ducting would be running in the same direction as the ...
2
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3answers
96 views

Can't get my new masonry bit to go further than about 3/4"

I bought a home last year and have been trying to put up interior walls inside my shop in the back yard. I built a wood frame and want to secure the frames to the concrete floor using masonry screws. ...
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1answer
185 views

Does the front rim joist have the strength to support this deck?

Should I just lag bolt the ledger to the rim, or should I reinforce the rim joist with say a simpson strongtie htt4, and carriage bolt, and cut some cats to attach it? It seems that if there were a ...
1
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2answers
128 views

Window framing gaps and split wood

I had a licensed GC install 2 windows. One of them needed a new RO in the stucco wall (single story home southern CA). I agreed to close the wall and do finish work. He was contacted to install ...
2
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1answer
37 views

Where do you start when setting hip roof trusses?

I have a decent sized hip truss package coming. It's about a 60' wide by 30' deep building with 2' overhangs. Hip style with 4/12 slope. I have only helped before in setting trusses but never doing ...
1
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1answer
25 views

Necessary to sister joists in skylight frame?

Piggybacking on my previous question about the headers in a skylight frame (Double header for skylight frame), I'd like to know if it's required to sister the uncut joists on either side of the ...
1
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0answers
32 views

My granite foundation was underpinned and has load-bearing 6x6 posts around the perimeter of the basement. How to repoint behind them?

My building has a granite block foundation supporting a brick structure above it. In the 80's, the building was gutted and the foundation was underpinned. They added load bearing posts around the ...
1
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2answers
100 views

When should screws be used for general wood framing?

I was wondering what sort of fasteners are best for general Wood Framing? I understand that in general construction is done 100% with nails, but as a small time, diyer, I am looking for best practices....
1
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1answer
4k views

Can Simpson Strong-Tie H1Z hurricane clips be installed on the inside of a wall?

Can the H1Z (diamond shaped) hurricane clips be installed on the inside of a wall's plate or do they have to be on the outside?
2
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2answers
69 views

Should window headers be set against the top plate or at rough opening height?

I've been building load bearing walls with the header located at the top of the desired window or door opening, but have had a couple people comment on how I should be putting the header directly ...
8
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3answers
11k views

Framing an appliance opening in a load bearing wall?

I bought a fridge that is much too deep (first time buying a new house/new appliances) and unfortunately the appliance place does not take exchanges or returns. I am considering recessing the fridge ...
0
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1answer
510 views

Do I need to use cripple studs if header is tight to the top plate?

So I am placing a 13ft LVL Header beam, in a load bearing wall, to place a Patio Door. I am using a 3-1/2 by 11-7/8 Versa-Lam LVL beam, as recommended by my Engineer. I am planning to place the ...
0
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3answers
10k views

What header size for a 36" wide window?

I want to replace a 20" W window ( 20 5/8" rough) with a 36" (rough) window. I want it to be as close to the ceiling as possible. It is a single story house with 2x4 studs on 16" centers. It has a ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

How to ensure correct distribution of beam load over deck posts?

Given the illustration above: Are there any tips on how to ensure that the beam load is correctly distributed across the three posts? All posts are adjustable (up/down) via hex nuts so I have full ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Does the ledger board for a bathtub go under the flange or level with it?

Replacing a bathtub with a new one pictured. It will go into a 3-walled space. Durock and tile will be attached to wall to finish the job. I've been reading many articles and they mention a ledger ...
1
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5answers
102 views

Should bottom wall plates in a basement be treated lumber?

Question for those who are well versed in framing and then maybe some code as well. I got into a discussion the other day between a couple other trades, they were suggesting I was wasting my time ...
4
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5answers
7k views

Ramset nails not flush with basement frame wall

I built my first wall in my basement when I started to frame and I bought the Ramset MasterShot 0.22 gun from Home Depot and read up on everything and when I used it to nail my treated 2x4 to the ...
1
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1answer
31 views

Basement wall framing

I'm going to start work on a basement bathroom. I've got the drains already in. Will insulate the walls with foam boards....the framing? Wood or metal? I'm thinking with a basement and the ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

Framing long walls in sections and keeping 16" OC Layout

When you frame a long exterior wall and do it in sections, say a 50' 2x6 wall in 16' sections, how do you efficiently keep 16" O.C. layout when the next wall section would throw off the 16" OC Layout? ...
14
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5answers
5k views

How can I fix a framing mistake so I can drywall?

I’m demoing a kitchen and discovered that the top plate sticks into the room a half inch farther than the studs. The current drywall is attached to the studs and therefore is even with this top plate ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Create new patio door in basement by cutting concrete

My basement has about 2.5 ft of concrete along the wall. The reason is that the outside is a slope/hill and that 2.5" depth is just dirt. I like to install a patio door to my backyard 60x80 which is a ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Is it a problem that I see daylight through my shed's soffit?

First and foremost - please excuse my ignorance and improper use of terminology. I have a free standing garage with a mono-pitched / shed style roof: The garage is unfinished inside and I noticed ...
0
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1answer
70 views

2x12 and 3/4" Play for stringer ledger?

Scenario: attach 3 staircase stringers to floor i joists. Problem: I joists have very few fastening points, about one nail per flange. Would it be best to attach a 2x12 to the I joists (it will run ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

What is the most cost-efficient design of a 16' temporary wooden ramp?

I need to build a 2'x16' ramp to load a moving truck. What is the cheapest design of 2x boards and plywood to do this with? The maximum load will be less than 500 lbs. I'll use plenty of 2.5" deck ...
20
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2answers
3k views

Will removing shelving screws from studs damage the studs?

We live in a newly built home. My husband hung some Ikea shoe bins on the wall and mounted them in to the studs. I am going to paint the hallway and would like to remove the bins and hooks, patch the ...
0
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0answers
37 views

Bridge across tax ditch

I am trying to find the right board combination for a bridge. Need to build a 20’ bridge across a ditch for Kawasaki mule or atv ; example will 4 2x12’s support 1500 pound load
0
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1answer
54 views

Simpson A-35 (framing angle) suitable for this application?

Would an A-35 be suitable for the rafter>top-plate connection shown here? Would I need one on both sides of a rafter, or just on one side? Existing structure (grey) is 12'x 18', 6" CMU block w/rebar, ...
2
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3answers
86 views

How to cut hole larger than 1/3 of joist?

I need to run a toilet drain (3”) through three joists (9 1/4”). Code states holes in joists can not exceed 1/3 the size of the joists. Catch is for 3” pipe I need a 3 5/8” hole — which is larger than ...