Questions tagged [framing]

For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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42 votes
10 answers
20k views

Are gaps above and below framing members a concern?

I recently hired a framing crew to frame a new house. After it was done, I commissioned an independent review. The reviewer described some of the work as "shoddy," and pointed out a lot of gaps, ...
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26 votes
1 answer
4k views

Seemingly overbuilt basement wall - load bearing?

I'm doing some prep/exploratory work before I begin finishing my basement. Home was built in 1980 and has a cement block foundation. There is a seemingly random wall framed in the otherwise unfinished ...
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  • 403
25 votes
3 answers
7k views

Diagonal brace left in the basement by builder. Can I remove it? Replace it?

I have a diagonal brace running across an interior wall in the basement, and it even goes partially into the floor concrete. Is this meant to be permanent, or was it supposed to be removed during ...
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  • 355
24 votes
6 answers
61k views

How do I find studs when stud finders won't work?

I was trying to hang my TV at my new place, on an interior wall (between living room and a bathroom). Using the stud finder on other walls worked fine, but on this wall I got some very strange ...
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24 votes
5 answers
4k views

How do you find helpers for larger DIY projects?

Question: In cases where you have the time and skills to do a project yourself, but physically cannot without a second skilled person to help, how do you go about finding and hiring someone that is ...
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  • 1,512
22 votes
6 answers
17k views

Is it OK that the frame of my house doesn't line up with the slab?

My new house is being framed. I saw that the frame extends 1-2" from the foundation: Click photograph for full size The builder told me it happens often and the city inspector will catch it if this ...
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  • 221
22 votes
7 answers
61k views

What are framing dimensions like in the metric world?

I was always curious about this. In the states we have: Lumber - Comes most commonly in 2 inch (2x4,6,8,10,12,16) and 4 inch (4x4,4x6) varieties. Plywood - Almost always 4x8 feet Drywall/...
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21 votes
2 answers
6k views

Will removing shelving screws from studs damage the studs?

We live in a newly built home. My husband hung some Ikea shoe bins on the wall and mounted them in to the studs. I am going to paint the hallway and would like to remove the bins and hooks, patch the ...
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  • 211
16 votes
4 answers
4k views

Can I cut the small tab off of these rafters to make drywalling easier

I am finishing my garage and I have come to the point I need to start drywalling. I ran into a roadblock and would like to get opinions on how to proceed. The roof is a pyramid shaped hip roof and ...
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16 votes
1 answer
12k views

What's the difference between "Framing Lumber" and "Framing Studs"?

The Home Depot website has these two as categories under Dimensional Lumber. Why would one want to exclude items from one category during a search for wood to use in a project? What is the ...
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14 votes
5 answers
5k views

How can I fix a framing mistake so I can drywall?

I’m demoing a kitchen and discovered that the top plate sticks into the room a half inch farther than the studs. The current drywall is attached to the studs and therefore is even with this top plate ...
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14 votes
4 answers
3k views

What is the purpose of this joint in my wall stud?

I am getting ready to install a new bathtub and shower. After ripping everything out I noticed all the studs behind the original bathtub wall have cuts. See photo. If anyone can explain why the studs ...
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  • 243
14 votes
2 answers
22k views

Can I remove a wall stud to install a pet door?

We only have one option for a wall that the pet door would go in. After measuring we found that the door would have to go right in the middle of a stud. Is it safe to cut through the stud?
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13 votes
3 answers
4k views

Did I Make a Major Framing Mistake?

I am an absolute ameteur trying to frame my basement remodeling project by myself and I've learned a lot since the start of this project, but I am worried the parts I didn't know are going to come ...
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  • 427
13 votes
4 answers
166k views

How do you secure wood framing to a concrete basement floor?

I'm using Pressure treated lumber for the bottom plate in a basement finishing project. What should I use to seperate the wood from the concrete? What are ways to secure the bottom plate to the floor?...
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  • 376
13 votes
1 answer
4k views

Should cement board be glued and screwed to the studs?

I've seen some people recommend that cement board be glued and screwed to the stud framing for wall and ceiling application. I haven't seen this recommendation on any of the manufacturers install ...
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  • 8,687
13 votes
3 answers
176k views

At a 6' span, how much can an SPF 2x4 turned on 3.5" end support?

The ends are secured, so how much load can a 6' span of SPF 2x4 support when turned on 3.5"?
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12 votes
2 answers
10k views

When should you use metal studs?

When does it make sense to use metal framing for an interior wall? What are the advantages to traditional wood framing?
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  • 803
11 votes
4 answers
32k views

What is a shear wall and what is it for?

I have a wall in the middle of my house which I have been told is a shear wall. The image below is a diagram I put together real quick to show what it looks like. The grey lines on the right are ...
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11 votes
1 answer
4k views

Are there any dangers to sistering a joist with oversize lumber?

I've done some research lately on joist sistering as a solution to bouncy floors. The logic seems to revolve around the following principles. The stress of carrying a load is at the center of the ...
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10 votes
3 answers
17k views

Is the wall between a home and an attached garage built as an "exterior wall"?

I have an attached garage. There is an exterior-rated door between the garage and the living space. Should the entire wall be built as an exterior wall, as far as sheathing, width, etc? Is there a ...
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  • 1,025
10 votes
3 answers
15k views

Window framing on old construction

I'm redoing a kitchen but I've hired a contractor to do a portion of the work. One of the jobs he was hired to do was to move and reframe two windows. He finished that job today and I'm really ...
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  • 215
10 votes
4 answers
37k views

How do I get all these wires up from the basement to the attic?

I'd like to run new cabling for data, voice and tv but I'm having a hard time figuring out how to get some of the wires up to the attic for the 2nd floor and would like some advice. I've run cables, ...
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9 votes
2 answers
175k views

Proper size of header to support new door in load bearing wall?

We're going to install a new linen closet off the hallway next to our recently(ish) remodeled bathroom. The wall in question is load bearing. I know how to properly build out the King and Jack studs,...
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9 votes
3 answers
45k views

How can I choose the best lag screw / lag bolt?

I will be fastening Unistrut vertically along studs to facilitate garage storage, and want some guidance on choosing the "best" lag bolts to use. I want them large enough to handle hundreds of pounds ...
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9 votes
1 answer
8k views

How to attach a 2x beam to the side of a post?

I want to attach a 2x to the side of a vertical 4x4 post. I can think of several options: nails through bolts lag screws a cleat under the beam Sampson Deck-Joist Tie I know that notching the post ...
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  • 11.5k
8 votes
5 answers
6k views

Can I put a 6" hole in this ceiling joist?

I'm working on my kitchen to add a range hood that goes outside the house. I'm putting the 6" exhaust pipe in my ceiling, between my 1st and 2nd floor, going in the direction of the ceiling ...
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  • 194
8 votes
4 answers
2k views

Repairing a partially cut roof strut

It looks like some previous owner of my house (built in the 40s) cut almost the whole way through a roof strut (I think it's called a strut) when installing an attic ladder in the garage. I am ...
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8 votes
2 answers
81k views

Do I need to remove existing drywall before framing an interior wall?

Below is a rough diagram of the interior wall I'd like to build. The wall is in green, and the rooms are in white. The grey offset around the edges of the walls represents 3/8" drywall. My question ...
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8 votes
6 answers
56k views

How many Tapcons should be used to anchor a baseplate to a concrete floor?

I'm building a non-structural wall in my basement. I'm using Pressure-treated lumber on top of a foam sill gasket to protect from any moisture. How many tapcons should be used per 8-foot length to ...
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  • 376
8 votes
3 answers
12k views

Framing an appliance opening in a load bearing wall?

I bought a fridge that is much too deep (first time buying a new house/new appliances) and unfortunately the appliance place does not take exchanges or returns. I am considering recessing the fridge ...
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  • 111
8 votes
1 answer
7k views

Can adjacent windows share a king stud to bring them closer together?

I am a pretty novice DIY framer, and I have a project where I am closing in my back patio. I'd like to put three windows in the center of a wall. I'm not looking to mull them. I was wondering if ...
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7 votes
6 answers
36k views

What is the purpose of horizontal blocks on a bearing wall?

In my basement, the bearing wall has horizontal blocks between each stud, similar to what you see in this picture: . There is one place on the wall where one of the blocks was removed to place an ...
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7 votes
5 answers
8k views

Repairing a notched floor joist

Situation I was running some new gas pipe and I notched one floor joist and drilled a hole in another. I have now learned that this is not appropriate. This was in the forbidden zone of the middle 1/...
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  • 191
7 votes
4 answers
7k views

Why should I use advanced nails instead of wood screws for strength?

Recently I found that there're some superior nails for constructing hurricane-resistant houses - with very clever design for preventing pulling the nails out and tearing the boards off when the ...
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  • 9,367
7 votes
3 answers
2k views

How to frame for a drywall ceiling with 8 feet between trusses?

I have a post frame building that was recently constructed where the post and joists have 8 foot on center spacing. The building is 38' x 54' and we had a 2nd floor built on the North end of it which ...
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7 votes
4 answers
13k views

What is the best way to remove a non load bearing wall?

I have a wall that I want to knock out as part of a kitchen remodel. The wall is non load bearing, so its fine to take out. The question is, what's the best way to do it? I imagine there's not a ...
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7 votes
2 answers
17k views

What are the best practices for a low deck built half on a concrete slab?

In our current place, we moved the main access door from going into the kitchen, to entering an old laundry room converted to a mud room. In order to do so, the front door was moved over about 4', ...
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  • 5,015
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why are there sometimes holes in framers squares?

Sometimes I notice there's 0, 1, or 2 circular holes in framers square. I also hear "framers square" and "carpenters square" tossed around as if they're interchangeable terms - perhaps the hole has ...
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7 votes
3 answers
3k views

Can I extend my loft hatch opening?

I am hoping to extend the opening for my loft hatch using the following method. I want to move the cross piece from position Q to position P. I intend to screw a temporary support across the top of ...
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7 votes
2 answers
53k views

How do I determine rough opening sizes for common closet door sizes?

At the hardware store I see bifold closet doors listed in sizes like 36x80, 48x80, 72x80. I'm not sure if these are nominal sizes or exactly which parts they're measuring from. How would I determine ...
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  • 2,425
7 votes
3 answers
13k views

What to do about a rotten top plate in the wall of old home addition?

This week's rainstorms brought a leak in my roof above a set of windows that are at the low end of a single-story addition with a shallow roof. Our search for the source of the leak (which turned out ...
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7 votes
2 answers
6k views

How accurate does a door rough-in need to be?

Having never installed a pre-hung door before, I am wondering how accurate does the door rough-in need to be? I am planning on installing a 28" bathroom door, which has a 30" rough in. After framing ...
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7 votes
3 answers
4k views

How can I frame this multi-level deck?

I'm designing an addition onto my existing deck (the existing deck is not pictured below). The addition will be roughly 20' by 15', and I'm planning on making a portion of it a single step lower. ...
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7 votes
2 answers
5k views

How to frame for a porch beam?

I am working on a 10' x 12' building with a 6' porch (16' x 12' overall). Roof is a simple gable that will cover the porch. The porch roof will rest on 2x beams, which are supported by posts at one ...
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  • 11.5k
7 votes
2 answers
43k views

How do you frame a wall more than 8-10 feet tall?

I am capable of framing a "simple" 8' wide 8' tall 4" thick wall out of 2x4 lumber, then attaching plywood or drywall or OSB or any other sheet material to the frame. Making the wall wider is a ...
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  • 722
7 votes
3 answers
5k views

What happens if I let my building permit expire?

TLDR: I pulled a permit for my house, now the inspectors are looking for more things wrong with my house than the permit pertains to. I want them out. What are the repercussions to letting the permit ...
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  • 720
7 votes
3 answers
16k views

What, if anything, do I do to repair notched floor joists?

I have been building for a long time, so I know where floor joists can be bored or notched without compromising their strength. Unfortunately, I have a client whose floor joists were hacked at by ...
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  • 842
7 votes
2 answers
4k views

For a small building, should joists or girders run the long dimension?

I'm planning to frame a 12' x 16' floor. Should the joists be 12', and the beams 16'? Or vice versa? More detail: 4x4 posts on concrete piers; 12' x 10' will be enclosed; 12' x 6' will be a covered ...
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  • 11.5k
7 votes
2 answers
62k views

Pouring a concrete slab against my house: how to frame it up against the outside wall?

I have a concrete front stoop that drains some water into the basement, so I am going to knock it out and pour a new slab with better grading. The slab will be about 4 feet square, and fits into a ...
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