Questions tagged [framing]

For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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1answer
2k views

Frame drywall around brick fireplace

Below is my fireplace with the old stones removed. Now it's "bare bone" and up to me to redesign it. I am planning to put drywall on top and mantel on the bottom with tiles around like this But then ...
14
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7answers
42k views

What are framing dimensions like in the metric world?

I was always curious about this. In the states we have: Lumber - Comes most commonly in 2 inch (2x4,6,8,10,12,16) and 4 inch (4x4,4x6) varieties. Plywood - Almost always 4x8 feet Drywall/...
20
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5answers
31k views

How do I find studs when stud finders won't work?

I was trying to hang my TV at my new place, on an interior wall (between living room and a bathroom). Using the stud finder on other walls worked fine, but on this wall I got some very strange ...
7
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2answers
126k views

Proper size of header to support new door in load bearing wall?

We're going to install a new linen closet off the hallway next to our recently(ish) remodeled bathroom. The wall in question is load bearing. I know how to properly build out the King and Jack studs,...
12
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4answers
143k views

How do you secure wood framing to a concrete basement floor?

I'm using Pressure treated lumber for the bottom plate in a basement finishing project. What should I use to seperate the wood from the concrete? What are ways to secure the bottom plate to the floor?...
10
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3answers
120k views

At a 6' span, how much can an SPF 2x4 turned on 3.5" end support?

The ends are secured, so how much load can a 6' span of SPF 2x4 support when turned on 3.5"?
6
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3answers
7k views

Do the nails stick out at all when toe-nailing studs?

So I'm attempting to do the "stick framing" method of building a non-bearing wall. I've got pnumatic nailer and I'm toe-nailing nails on each side. The problem is, because of the angle the nail ...
6
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2answers
3k views

Frame or floor planks first?

Is it best to frame a powder room and a couple closets first, on top of plywood subfloor, or best to lay hardwood planks first then frame on top? I guess it would be fewer cuts to frame second. What ...
5
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2answers
52k views

Do I need to remove existing drywall before framing an interior wall?

Below is a rough diagram of the interior wall I'd like to build. The wall is in green, and the rooms are in white. The grey offset around the edges of the walls represents 3/8" drywall. My question ...
1
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1answer
3k views

Repairing rot in window framing

I recently noticed some soft spots in my T1-11 siding around a window. In hopes that the problem was just in the siding I started the process of removing the rotten piece. Once I removed it I found ...
1
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1answer
2k views

How to build a wall under duct work

So I'm trying to finish my basement. I have a conundrum as to how to build a wall under a soffit. Here's my situation - I have an HVAC duct that is running really close to the wall - like maybe 1.5" ...
0
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2answers
116 views

Can I put a metal safe weighing 2000 lbs in a 12x12 room? [closed]

I have a 12'x12' upstairs bedroom. Can a 2000 lbs safe be placed in that room? The dimensions would be the same size as a queen size bed (60"x80"). Can you supply the math in your answer. Thank you ...
6
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3answers
19k views

Is it OK to drill through a jack stud/full stud pair to cut a hole for water heater drain pipe?

I just had a new water heater installed in my garage. My city building / plumbing codes require that the water heater overflow drain be drained to the outside of the house. Situation: The heater ...
6
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3answers
22k views

How can I choose the best lag screw / lag bolt?

I will be fastening Unistrut vertically along studs to facilitate garage storage, and want some guidance on choosing the "best" lag bolts to use. I want them large enough to handle hundreds of pounds ...
3
votes
1answer
11k views

Which method of framing a soffit around rectangular ductwork maximizes ceiling height?

I need to put a soffit around 18"(W) x 8"(H) x 23'(L) rectangular HVAC ductwork in my basement and I am very near to the minimal code requirements for ceiling height for obstructions before adding a ...
11
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2answers
9k views

When should you use metal studs?

When does it make sense to use metal framing for an interior wall? What are the advantages to traditional wood framing?
10
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3answers
13k views

Window framing on old construction

I'm redoing a kitchen but I've hired a contractor to do a portion of the work. One of the jobs he was hired to do was to move and reframe two windows. He finished that job today and I'm really ...
7
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4answers
6k views

Why should I use advanced nails instead of wood screws for strength?

Recently I found that there're some superior nails for constructing hurricane-resistant houses - with very clever design for preventing pulling the nails out and tearing the boards off when the ...
5
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3answers
28k views

How can I calculate the load capacity of a platform?

I'm planning to build a very basic bed frame, but I'm not sure what size lumber to use. I was thinking of building the entire thing from 2x4s (legs would be 4x4), but I'm not sure if this will be ...
4
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3answers
4k views

Should I be concerned that the sill plate is not lined up with the foundation?

I am in the process of building a one level home in PA. After the formed concrete walls were poured and the framing began, I noticed that on one side of the house that the sill plate was flush with ...
3
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3answers
3k views

What is the maximum number of load bearing studs in a row that can be notched?

I'm trying to install a new utility sink and washer hookup in my garage and am trying to plan how I'm going to run the copper supply lines. The most direct path I can think of is to notch probably 5 ...
3
votes
1answer
16k views

What are these horizontal & diagonal 'studs' in the wall called?

My single-story house was built in the 1940s in the San Francisco Bay Area (Earthquake-country). Here is a picture of the wall with the wallboard removed. This is from my neighbour’s house (Same ...
3
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1answer
905 views

How do I build the support structure for a 36"x14' built-in desk?

I would like to build a 36 in deep desk into a 14ft wide space that has floor to ceiling windows along the back. My initial idea is put cleat plates on the side walls, then run a 2x6 joist at 12 in ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Do basement walls with metal framing and foam insulation require fireblocking and draftstopping?

Question: Do non-load bearing basement walls with metals framing and foam insulation (such as extruded polystyrene) in a single-family home require fireblocking and draftstopping? If so, what is the ...
11
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4answers
28k views

What is a shear wall and what is it for?

I have a wall in the middle of my house which I have been told is a shear wall. The image below is a diagram I put together real quick to show what it looks like. The grey lines on the right are ...
5
votes
1answer
9k views

Can I hang a hammock from basement joists?

My basement is what I assume is a typical setup, built in the 1970s. 2x8 joists run from the outer cinderblock wall to the center beam with an approximate 11 foot span. I'm thinking about hanging a ...
5
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2answers
30k views

How do you frame a wall more than 8-10 feet tall?

I am capable of framing a "simple" 8' wide 8' tall 4" thick wall out of 2x4 lumber, then attaching plywood or drywall or OSB or any other sheet material to the frame. Making the wall wider is a ...
4
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3answers
1k views

How do I insulate space in loft to create music studio

I have 3 DIY created rooms in my large live/work studio/artist loft. They are made with 2x4 and 2x6, framing with drywall walls and plywood ceiling. The apt has 14' 7" ceilings so we just have ...
3
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1answer
330 views

What causes seasonal doors and how do you prevent it?

I understand that wood expands and contracts based on temperature, humidity, and other factors... However in our house the doors are really subject to seasonal changes. For instance my bedroom door ...
3
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2answers
25k views

Framing long walls - Lots of 8' sections or should I use longer top plates

For interior walls (bearing and non) I'm wondering what the preferred method for framing might be on long walls. For example a hallway. Should I just use normal ~8' long 2x4 as top plates and stagger ...
3
votes
3answers
17k views

Attaching non-load bearing walls to steel I-beams

I'm preparing to remodel my basement. A steel I-beam runs the length the of the basement with vertical steel columns spaced periodically across the span. The beam is 5" wide and 8" tall. I'm ...
3
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5answers
21k views

Framing a wall over a carpeted floor

I have a carpeted basement. There is both pad and carpet over concrete. There is a section I want to wall off and turn into a bedroom, it will not be load bearing. I would prefer not to have to ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Exterior wall framing - Safe to remove 2x4 that was part of soffit/bulkhead?

I've removed all the soffits in my kitchen, however, there is one 2x4 that I have left until I could consult someone more knowledgeable. I'm thinking the 2x4 was there just to hang the drywall ...
2
votes
3answers
81 views

How to cut hole larger than 1/3 of joist?

I need to run a toilet drain (3”) through three joists (9 1/4”). Code states holes in joists can not exceed 1/3 the size of the joists. Catch is for 3” pipe I need a 3 5/8” hole — which is larger than ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Re-framing basement walls after flooding. Drain tile with no concrete?

Im getting ready to re-frame basement walls after basement flood (shocking images attached). I'll be doing this for every wall portion that can possibly flood: 1) ridgid XPS foam insulation ...
2
votes
1answer
7k views

Is it possible to notch framing studs for installing conduit w/out structure collapsing?

I have a garage which is a simple structure - 4 walls, garage door, and a normal door. The structure is framed as one would expect, studs 16 inches apart. I want to put some extra wood paneling as an ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Where to split long walls

I'm trying to build walls for my basement, and not surprisingly, many walls are longer than 8/10/12/16ft. For many walls, I was thinking of putting up two 8' or 10' walls with the stud straddling ...
1
vote
1answer
430 views

Granite countertop installation on top of 4x4 outdoor

I am planning to have a piece of granite countertop 2' x 8' outdoor like the below photo. I could run two (2) 2x4 on the side of the 4x4 posts to make the bottom materials 7" wide. Then lay the ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Ensure smooth drywall surface around stone mantel

I have a follow-up question from this Frame drywall around brick fireplace regarding the "best method" to ensure smooth drywall surface on top and both sides of mantel. Basically I have a very "rough"...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

What header joist sizes do I need for a loft bed?

I've decided to design and build a king-sized loft bed for our bedroom. Basically, I've got an 80" x 89" frame, 54" off the floor, covered with slats instead of plywood (see image, below). I'm sure I'...
1
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2answers
4k views

How can I straighten twisted studs?

I have a bunch of 2x4s that are twisted and warped. Is there a way to salvage them?
0
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0answers
682 views

Can turnbuckles hold a frame in tension?

I'm building a king-sized bunk bed using a loft/joist design. Basically, I've got (see below): slats nailed into joists joists joined to headers with blind tenons headers joined to posts with blind ...
0
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1answer
2k views

Why are 3-1/2 (16d) nails so hard to find?

So I'm a little confused. It seems like 21 degree fullhead framing nailers are fairly standard. According to the http://codes.iccsafe.org/app/book/content/2015-I-Codes/2015%20IRC%20HTML/Chapter%...
0
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4answers
5k views

How to fix deck board at edge not lined up with beam?

My near-ground level deck is quite large (20x16) at one side and its end is a one-step stair. But at the edge, one end is flush with the last deck board (Trex 5.5") but the other end is like 1" short, ...
0
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2answers
757 views

How to nail LVL beam to King Stud

This seems to be the best forum to get answers. I asked a question a week ago about placement of LVL beam, it was answered in a matter of minutes. So I am placing this 13ft (12.8ft) Versa-Lam LVL ...
0
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2answers
930 views

framing for ground level deck

I'm planning to build a ground level deck, approximately 8ft x 10ft long. I'm going to use deck concrete blocks for footing, e.g. : I want to place 4 of those in the corners and probably two-three in ...