Questions tagged [framing]

For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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Finished attic Framing

Can the drywall be installed all the way up to the ridge beam for a cathedral ceiling ? Or , should there be a collar tie that would double-up as a drywall backing ? More info This is a Cape-Cod ...
0 votes
3 answers
65 views

Looking for advice on nail gun

I will be doing some small framing additions and covering it with vinyl siding. I'd like to purchase a nail gun for doing this. Is there a nail gun that I could use for both applications or are they ...
0 votes
1 answer
85 views

Why are my walls hanging off my concrete slab?

I was sitting on my patio one day and notice that the walls of my house overhang the concrete slab. It is a cheap house but was wondering if this is the only reason. It looks like the wall is going to ...
1 vote
1 answer
53 views

Putting windows on a shed

I'm rehabbing an old shed and putting new windows on it. I framed in the windows and purchased some simple barn sash windows. I framed it in and left about a 1/4" - 1/2" gap on the sides and ...
2 votes
2 answers
237 views

What is this framing technique?

1895 New Jersey USA. I almost asked "What is this crazy framing technique" because it looks crazy .... but I'm looking forward to someone with knowledge of older techniques to explain it, ...
1 vote
1 answer
61 views

Do hanging ceiling joists form a roof truss?

Consider a house with a gable roof that looks like this: /\ /--\ / \ / \ / \ ====[]==== | | | | | | +--------+ (the [] is a load bearing beam coming out ...
0 votes
1 answer
57 views

Can I safely mount a 150lb punching bag to the bottom chords of the trusses in my garage?

I’d mount a 2x4 or 2x6 on the other side of the drywall perpendicular across the chords pictured and hang the punching bag to that. These chords span about 50-60 feet. (Click image to enlarge) If ...
1 vote
0 answers
32 views

Anchor Bolt for Double-Stud Wall to Install a 9in deep Multi-Slide Door in California

Building an addition with a multi-slide door in California. Exterior walls are 2x4 with anchor bolts at 48in on center. However, Multi-side door is 8-5/8 inches deep. So, I am thinking of either: ...
2 votes
2 answers
181 views

What is this mystery ledge on the ceiling? (And can I put ducting through it?)

This bathroom needs an exhaust fan as the only current ventilation is a small window in the shower wall (which does not stay open). My project planning is blocked by my limited understanding of the ...
1 vote
1 answer
38 views

Does a leger board for a vaulted ceiling need to be beveled?

I'm designing a bathroom addition to my house. Due to existing roof lines, the ceiling will be vaulted to give more interior space on one side while maintaining minimum headroom on the other and not ...
0 votes
2 answers
108 views

Can I remove all floor joists in a balloon framed house?

I'm remodeling an old early 1900s home that is balloon framed. I removed the subfloor so I could get to the crawl space and run new utilities. I noticed the floor joists are in really bad shape and ...
0 votes
0 answers
50 views

Options for correcting a sagging ridge line on a garage that is missing rafter ties

I have a house with two attached garages. I'm not sure of the year of the second garage, but the house (and presumably first garage) was built in 1972. We live in a snowy climate. The second garage is ...
13 votes
3 answers
176k views

At a 6' span, how much can an SPF 2x4 turned on 3.5" end support?

The ends are secured, so how much load can a 6' span of SPF 2x4 support when turned on 3.5"?
0 votes
1 answer
110 views

Help with framing around old basement stairway

I know this is always a tough question, but just looking for any insight. We are working on a bathroom reno in our basement and it happens to be where an old set of stairs came down to the basement. ...
0 votes
1 answer
442 views

How much load will a triple and or a quad 2x10 hold on a 12' 6" span?

I have two triple carrying beams on 6x6 post, 12'apart from each other let to right. Off the house to the back yard they are 10' 6" from one another with a 2x8 deck framed on it 16' out, 16" ...
1 vote
1 answer
195 views

Do I need to improve structure above basement window?

I'm planning to fix and replace the basement windows and I am wondering if there is anything I need to do to improve the header structures. Original windows were cemented to the foundation. Two 2x8 ...
2 votes
1 answer
158 views

How to remove wood framing from concrete floor

I remodelling my cabin and removing a closet. The wood framing seems to be glued(?) to the concrete floor. What's the proper way to remove the framing? Best idea I've got is a big crowbar but I wonder ...
0 votes
1 answer
53 views

Replacing portion of rotted sill plate and studs

A section of my home has sustained water damage from an improperly installed platform deck. The damaged section includes about 1' portion of a few studs around a window and a 3' section of the sill ...
0 votes
0 answers
23 views

Can a top plate on a 2x6 exterior walled be drilled for wires in 2 adjacent bays?

I am installing a 125A sub panel next to an existing main panel/ The sub panel will be in the stud bay next to the main. Both of these are on a 2x6 exterior load bearing wall. I understand the hole ...
1 vote
1 answer
59 views

Attaching Gazebo horizontal beams to the exterior wall

I am planning to build 12X16 Gazebo with Gabel roof on my concrete patio that has been extended from the exterior house wall. I am using 6x6 for the 2 posts. I want to attach top horizonal beams (...
0 votes
1 answer
53 views

Carport Expansion Walls Rotted From Water Damage

We just bought a fixer upper and it seems like some pretty significant issues were missed in the inspection. The inspection mentioned settling in the corner of the living room and rodent activity. ...
16 votes
4 answers
4k views

Can I cut the small tab off of these rafters to make drywalling easier

I am finishing my garage and I have come to the point I need to start drywalling. I ran into a roadblock and would like to get opinions on how to proceed. The roof is a pyramid shaped hip roof and ...
1 vote
2 answers
6k views

Proper window header for 6-foot window & understanding the span tables?

I'm framing out headers for 6' (72 inch) wide windows in a sunroom. The sunroom is around 12 x 12 and has a ceiling and roof. Based on my current understanding of the header span tables which I have ...
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why are there sometimes holes in framers squares?

Sometimes I notice there's 0, 1, or 2 circular holes in framers square. I also hear "framers square" and "carpenters square" tossed around as if they're interchangeable terms - perhaps the hole has ...
14 votes
4 answers
3k views

What is the purpose of this joint in my wall stud?

I am getting ready to install a new bathtub and shower. After ripping everything out I noticed all the studs behind the original bathtub wall have cuts. See photo. If anyone can explain why the studs ...
1 vote
1 answer
66 views

Simpson-Tie Bolt Length

I am in the middle of my kitchen remodel and the plans call for three Simpson Tie HDU2.5's to be installed. It calls for the Simpson RFB#X5X16HDG (16" bolt) to be set no less than 9" in the ...
1 vote
2 answers
975 views

Raising a sunken living room floor and concerned about moisture under new raised floor

I am raising a sunken living room floor but have some concerns about possible moisture problems under this raised floor. Here is what I have. A 1979 typical ranch style. It is roughly a 16 x 20 ...
1 vote
1 answer
100 views

Can 2x6 ceiling joists support a temporary point source load of 1500#

I’m installing a residential elevator in my home. The installation requires a padeye in the ceiling to carry 1500 lbs. I have 2x6” ceiling joists spanning 16’. I planned to bridge a 2x10 across two ...
1 vote
1 answer
46 views

Picture frame deck - Where to mount posts?

I am building a picture frame deck. In order to support the picture frame edge planks that are parallel to the joists, it is recommended (by TimberTech anyway) to install two more joists next to the ...
5 votes
3 answers
326 views

What is the purpose of this steel pipe lagged to the stud in this dividing wall?

We’re looking to open up a wall that separates the kitchen and living room. The wall doesn’t reach the ceiling, currently has a 3ft doorway. The house is a single story slab on grade located in SoCal. ...
0 votes
1 answer
507 views

Are 2x6 rafters adequate to carry a day bed in a pergola?

I'm working on my first big project, a 10x16 pergola. The long side includes three 6x6 posts 8 ft away from each other. There is another row of 3 posts 10 ft away parallel to those posts. All posts ...
0 votes
0 answers
41 views

Should I install support blocking for a wall below or over the subfloor?

I'm building a new partition wall (non-load-bearing) in my attic. The wall runs parallel to the joists. I'm installing blocking across the joist cavity to strengthen it. Should I install the subfloor ...
1 vote
1 answer
111 views

How to increase vinyl window jamb depth on exterior 2x4 wall

I am building an addition with vinyl windows and want to ensure there is sufficient depth on the interior to inside-mount automated roller shades (about 4" of a drywall return with no wood trim). ...
0 votes
0 answers
29 views

Cutting/drilling sole plate on load bearing wall

I’m starting to remodel my bathroom. It’s the only one in the house and it’s very small. 5’x6’ so to help save room I bought a concealed tank toilet. I didn’t do my home work and thought the tank ran ...
2 votes
2 answers
6k views

How can I find ceiling joists underneath this wood paneling?

Out on our front porch we'd like to hang a swing, but I can't figure out where any of the joists are underneath the wood paneling. I can't find any nails or screws of any sort and my stud finder isn'...
1 vote
0 answers
33 views

Western red cedar vs pressure treated / GC timbers for exterior load bearing beams

For exterior exposed load bearing timbers and support beams, is western red cedar sufficiently weather resistant or is ground contact (GC) pressure treated a significantly superior option? There will ...
0 votes
1 answer
95 views

Ledger board too low

This has been asked before but without a detailed answer. I want to install a ledger board on the foundation, not the brick. Can I run joists off the ledger board like normal, then in the opposite ...
2 votes
2 answers
488 views

How to protect 2x4 deck framing from ground moisture?

I am building a deck on a concrete patio. The patio already does have a roof. It won’t get too wet during a rain and we don’t get much rain during the summer (Northern California). I plan to do the ...
2 votes
1 answer
75 views

Why no 4x options for headers in CRC 2019?

The California Residential Code (CRC) 2019 has a table of header sizes for various spans / building widths / roof loads: https://up.codes/viewer/california/irc-2018/chapter/6/wall-construction#R602.7 ...
0 votes
1 answer
89 views

Any tricks to adjust windows that are not collinear?

I spent so much time making sure each window was level and plumb that I didn't think to make sure they were equal to each other. Now that they're flashed and nailed, they're about 3/8" off which ...
0 votes
1 answer
44 views

Closet Shelving Crossmember

I am looking to install some custom shelving for a 4’x4’ closet. I would like the shelves to be in an L shaped configuration against the rear and right walls of the closet. The back portion of the ...
1 vote
2 answers
77 views

Re-Insulating a Shed with 2x4 Walls [closed]

I am working on re-insulating a shed (350 sq. ft.) that has been used as a workshop. It has T1-11 siding and 2x4 walls. I've taken down all the interior paneling and had electrical updated. Now, to ...
0 votes
1 answer
817 views

Measuring Jamb Depth for New Construction Windows

I am building a detached garage that is not going to be insulated, however I would like the option to insulate in the future if needed. Also, I am going to use 7/8" corrugated siding on the ...
3 votes
1 answer
540 views

Is this okay ? Meets the code requirements

I'm currently building a house using Ryan Homes and I was told that the Gap between headers and walls is acceptable (no problem if a few inches of the connecting nail is visible) or the builder is ...
-1 votes
1 answer
90 views

How do I frame my basement wall to loose the minimum amount of space?

The drywall in the stairs going into my basement align flush with the concrete foundation. I need to frame this wall which will also be where the TV hangs from. Using 2x4s setting a couple inches off ...
1 vote
1 answer
81 views

Standards for non-bearing wall construction in a carport?

I purchased a SteelMaster metal building, and hired a contractor to assemble and install it and construct wood end-walls. I don't know much about this stuff, but I was pretty underwhelmed by the wall ...
0 votes
1 answer
81 views

Are my ceilings and flooring going to cave in?

Bought house a year ago. I can feel the wood upstairs has moved. Some areas sag bad, others the wood has lifted. The ceilings on first floor below have cracked and I can see the indentations all over. ...
3 votes
3 answers
4k views

Marking studs with tape measure

Maybe I'm a little dense, but I'm having a little difficulty visualizing how laying out studs 16" OC works with a tape measure. From almost every source I look at they say "Don't screw this up. Hook ...
2 votes
1 answer
270 views

Is this garage attic storage platform safe?

We're converting some of the attic space in our garage for storage and I'm hoping someone here can help with some concerns I have about the work that was done. I'm handy but not in construction and ...
3 votes
1 answer
68 views

What is required for in-ceiling header when removing non-bearing wall?

I am planning to remove a portion of a non-bearing wall that separates two rooms, one of which has a vaulted ceiling. I want the horizontal ceiling to continue all the way to the wall in the room with ...

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