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Questions tagged [framing]

For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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1answer
179 views

Does the front rim joist have the strength to support this deck?

Should I just lag bolt the ledger to the rim, or should I reinforce the rim joist with say a simpson strongtie htt4, and carriage bolt, and cut some cats to attach it? It seems that if there were a ...
1
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2answers
122 views

Window framing gaps and split wood

I had a licensed GC install 2 windows. One of them needed a new RO in the stucco wall (single story home southern CA). I agreed to close the wall and do finish work. He was contacted to install ...
2
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1answer
35 views

Where do you start when setting hip roof trusses?

I have a decent sized hip truss package coming. It's about a 60' wide by 30' deep building with 2' overhangs. Hip style with 4/12 slope. I have only helped before in setting trusses but never doing ...
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1answer
23 views

Necessary to sister joists in skylight frame?

Piggybacking on my previous question about the headers in a skylight frame (Double header for skylight frame), I'd like to know if it's required to sister the uncut joists on either side of the ...
0
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1answer
21 views

Installing sheathing with Staples or Ring Shank?

Wanted to ask the community about their experience with code and reasoning for using one or the other. I'm talking about fastening 7/16" OSB to walls and 5/8" OSB to roofs. Do you use narrow crown ...
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0answers
32 views

My granite foundation was underpinned and has load-bearing 6x6 posts around the perimeter of the basement. How to repoint behind them?

My building has a granite block foundation supporting a brick structure above it. In the 80's, the building was gutted and the foundation was underpinned. They added load bearing posts around the ...
1
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2answers
99 views

When should screws be used for general wood framing?

I was wondering what sort of fasteners are best for general Wood Framing? I understand that in general construction is done 100% with nails, but as a small time, diyer, I am looking for best practices....
1
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1answer
4k views

Can Simpson Strong-Tie H1Z hurricane clips be installed on the inside of a wall?

Can the H1Z (diamond shaped) hurricane clips be installed on the inside of a wall's plate or do they have to be on the outside?
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2answers
53 views

Can I use 4 x 4 to extend the space from the wall with a tv mount?

I have my 60" tv mounted on a tv mounted to the wall per the instructions. However, I do not get enough swivel before the edge of the tv hits the wall. So I want to attach two 4x4's from the ground ...
2
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2answers
66 views

Should window headers be set against the top plate or at rough opening height?

I've been building load bearing walls with the header located at the top of the desired window or door opening, but have had a couple people comment on how I should be putting the header directly ...
8
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3answers
11k views

Framing an appliance opening in a load bearing wall?

I bought a fridge that is much too deep (first time buying a new house/new appliances) and unfortunately the appliance place does not take exchanges or returns. I am considering recessing the fridge ...
0
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1answer
466 views

Do I need to use cripple studs if header is tight to the top plate?

So I am placing a 13ft LVL Header beam, in a load bearing wall, to place a Patio Door. I am using a 3-1/2 by 11-7/8 Versa-Lam LVL beam, as recommended by my Engineer. I am planning to place the ...
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1answer
35 views

Splicing wall plates at doors and windows?

2x6 construction, exterior load bearing walls. Recently started trying to splice long walls with the end stud landing half on first wall plate and half on second wall plate so the stud joining the ...
0
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2answers
52 views

Can I cut into a header to install a taller exterior door?

I have a double wide mobile home with existing slider and replacing it with french doors. The size is going from 71 1/2 x 76 to 71 1/2 x 80. I don't believe that there are cripple studs above the ...
0
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3answers
10k views

What header size for a 36" wide window?

I want to replace a 20" W window ( 20 5/8" rough) with a 36" (rough) window. I want it to be as close to the ceiling as possible. It is a single story house with 2x4 studs on 16" centers. It has a ...
0
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2answers
27 views

Joist layout, starting with Rim then Joist sistered, or just rim board?

I have a question about I-Joist layout in framing. I know that I-Joists are not strong to resist squishing, so that means rim board must be used to help that vertical load, but when you run all your ...
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1answer
66 views

How to ensure correct distribution of beam load over deck posts?

Given the illustration above: Are there any tips on how to ensure that the beam load is correctly distributed across the three posts? All posts are adjustable (up/down) via hex nuts so I have full ...
1
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1answer
57 views

Does the ledger board for a bathtub go under the flange or level with it?

Replacing a bathtub with a new one pictured. It will go into a 3-walled space. Durock and tile will be attached to wall to finish the job. I've been reading many articles and they mention a ledger ...
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5answers
93 views

Should bottom wall plates in a basement be treated lumber?

Question for those who are well versed in framing and then maybe some code as well. I got into a discussion the other day between a couple other trades, they were suggesting I was wasting my time ...
4
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5answers
7k views

Ramset nails not flush with basement frame wall

I built my first wall in my basement when I started to frame and I bought the Ramset MasterShot 0.22 gun from Home Depot and read up on everything and when I used it to nail my treated 2x4 to the ...
2
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3answers
87 views

Can't get my new masonry bit to go further than about 3/4"

I bought a home last year and have been trying to put up interior walls inside my shop in the back yard. I built a wood frame and want to secure the frames to the concrete floor using masonry screws. ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Basement wall framing

I'm going to start work on a basement bathroom. I've got the drains already in. Will insulate the walls with foam boards....the framing? Wood or metal? I'm thinking with a basement and the ...
2
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2answers
65 views

Framing long walls in sections and keeping 16" OC Layout

When you frame a long exterior wall and do it in sections, say a 50' 2x6 wall in 16' sections, how do you efficiently keep 16" O.C. layout when the next wall section would throw off the 16" OC Layout? ...
14
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5answers
5k views

How can I fix a framing mistake so I can drywall?

I’m demoing a kitchen and discovered that the top plate sticks into the room a half inch farther than the studs. The current drywall is attached to the studs and therefore is even with this top plate ...
0
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1answer
80 views

Create new patio door in basement by cutting concrete

My basement has about 2.5 ft of concrete along the wall. The reason is that the outside is a slope/hill and that 2.5" depth is just dirt. I like to install a patio door to my backyard 60x80 which is a ...
3
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1answer
45 views

Is it a problem that I see daylight through my shed's soffit?

First and foremost - please excuse my ignorance and improper use of terminology. I have a free standing garage with a mono-pitched / shed style roof: The garage is unfinished inside and I noticed ...
0
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1answer
70 views

2x12 and 3/4" Play for stringer ledger?

Scenario: attach 3 staircase stringers to floor i joists. Problem: I joists have very few fastening points, about one nail per flange. Would it be best to attach a 2x12 to the I joists (it will run ...
2
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1answer
59 views

What is the most cost-efficient design of a 16' temporary wooden ramp?

I need to build a 2'x16' ramp to load a moving truck. What is the cheapest design of 2x boards and plywood to do this with? The maximum load will be less than 500 lbs. I'll use plenty of 2.5" deck ...
20
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2answers
3k views

Will removing shelving screws from studs damage the studs?

We live in a newly built home. My husband hung some Ikea shoe bins on the wall and mounted them in to the studs. I am going to paint the hallway and would like to remove the bins and hooks, patch the ...
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0answers
37 views

Bridge across tax ditch

I am trying to find the right board combination for a bridge. Need to build a 20’ bridge across a ditch for Kawasaki mule or atv ; example will 4 2x12’s support 1500 pound load
0
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1answer
52 views

Simpson A-35 (framing angle) suitable for this application?

Would an A-35 be suitable for the rafter>top-plate connection shown here? Would I need one on both sides of a rafter, or just on one side? Existing structure (grey) is 12'x 18', 6" CMU block w/rebar, ...
2
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3answers
81 views

How to cut hole larger than 1/3 of joist?

I need to run a toilet drain (3”) through three joists (9 1/4”). Code states holes in joists can not exceed 1/3 the size of the joists. Catch is for 3” pipe I need a 3 5/8” hole — which is larger than ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Old window installed inset from exterior

This is my old window (single pane glass) and it is inset / indented from exterior wall about 2-3 in If I replace with modern double pane vinyl, it will sit flushed against exterior wall. So what is ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Double header for skylight frame

I'd like to install a new skylight in my dining room. The skylight is 30x30 and will require one ceiling joist to be cut and (2) new double headers to be installed. Do the new headers need to span ...
0
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1answer
301 views

Removing diagonal truss brace?

Looking to put insulation, plasterboards on the garage ceiling and some down lighters, Not a massive amount of heavy stuff is currently stored there (primarily boxes etc). There are 5 joists, joist ...
2
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1answer
60 views

How to secure a jack wall to an existing wall?

I built the walls of my 12' x 12' shed before deciding what type of roof I wanted. Now I'm left with the problem of how to secure the roof to the lower walls. If I build a jack wall as shown below (...
0
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1answer
77 views

Galvanized nails for ACQ treated lumber = must be hot dipped, or not?

We're having some construction done requiring treated soleplates on concrete slab. As such, galvanized nails were used. However, they don't appear to be hot-dipped. My understanding (going back ...
1
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1answer
46 views

Span calculator using arbitrary spacing?

My "new" 72-y/o house is... interesting. The garage is much younger but still I just raise my eyebrows at some things. One of them is the loft/attic area in the garage. I wanted to move all my ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Repair bottom plate rot in bathroom interior wall

Just started a bathroom renovation in my (new to us) 1961 ranch house built over crawlspace in NC. I planned on new floor, new vanity & sink, new toilet, but I want to keep the cast iron enameled ...
0
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2answers
66 views

Minimizing risk of structual damage when hanging heavy bag from ceiling using commercially-available mounting system

I would like to mount a 100 lb heavy bag using a system detailed in the attached picture (FirstLaw Fitness Shock Mount). The system is designed to be mounted between and directly to 2 joists that are ...
1
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1answer
746 views

Can drywall edges float on the ceiling?

When running ceiling drywall (sheetrock) on the main floor, it is screwed to the truss chords. I have read on here that when there is a partition wall in the way, to just let the drywall float and ...
1
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2answers
67 views

Is my plan for a shed base on pre-cast concrete supports reasonable?

Will this work for a 10 x 8 plastic resin shed - 3 deck pyramid blocks on a side (corners and in center of a side) and two in center. Dig down 6 inches, tamp, gravel (have .5 to 1 in round stone on ...
0
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3answers
147 views

Garage remodel: can I leave garage door in and put an insulated wall in front?

doing a garage remodel and wondering how best to keep the garage door on facade and still be able to have A/C in the garage? I live in hot and humid south Texas. Is this a ridiculous solution to ...
3
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3answers
585 views

New replacement windows: what happens when I change thickness of exterior siding?

Can I order/do they sell windows that can accommodate changing the wall thickness at a later date? I want to replace some windows in my house, but - at some later point - I also want to re-side the ...
0
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1answer
48 views

Framing design for small cathedral ceiling or A-Frame. Max Headroom

I need to specify some framing details for a dormer. It's a bit unusual: it's in unconditioned space. The outside dimensions are 8' wide, with a total span depth of 11' (9' to the nearest support). ...
1
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5answers
7k views

Is a California corner as strong as 3 or 4 stud corner?

I want to build the best exterior corners for a house in a high wind (wind not earthquake) area. I will not ever use a 2 stud corner with clips for multiple reasons. However I would like to use a ...
0
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0answers
37 views

Cracked joist problem

I have cracked joists on the basement ceiling. 2x10x14 16" on center. There is a wall running parallel with the joist that has another floor above that. Should the joist have been doubled or tripled ...
3
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2answers
4k views

How do I properly frame an opening to angle a through-wall air conditioner?

I'm going to install a through-wall air conditioner using a purpose-built sleeve. The instructions from the manufacturer say to install it such that it angles slightly downwards to the outside (about ...
2
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2answers
212 views

Can you place a support header in the ceiling?

I am opening up a pass-through in my home and, ideally, the pass-through would open up all the way to the ceiling. It is a load bearing wall, so it will need a header. A contractor told me it is ...
1
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2answers
86 views

Buckling notched jack studs - how to remedy?

Some past "plumber" decided it was OK to cut a notch for a 1-1/2" PVC pipe directly through all the 2x4 studs on one end of a window header. The result, shown in the photos, is a buckling wall. The ...