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Questions tagged [framing]

For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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Replacing Door Header After Pocket Door Removal

I'm in the middle of opening up a doorway where a pocket door once lived. This is in the first floor of a single story home in a wall that runs along the I-beam (which is below this floor in the ...
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New Build - Bowed Lumber & Holes In Sheathing

I'm building a new home and wanted to be on top of things that may become major issues later on. They just did most of the framing and there are some 2x4s which are visibly bowed as well as floor ...
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Outdoor kitchen on top of paver patio

Besides using Pressure Treated wood for the framing of the kitchen/bar/ island outside- is there anything between the pavers and the PT wood framing that needs to put down?
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Is this wall in my kitchen load bearing?

Sorry for another one of these questions but here goes: My house is a single story bungalow, built in 1976. I can't get hold of the blueprints because the city in which I live does not keep ...
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Replacing rotted porch window frame

Our porch is quite old and the vertical parts of some of the window frames have started to rot out: Replacing these seems pretty much as simple as buying new wood and tacking them together in the '+' ...
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blocking for additional support

I am building a screened enclosure around my pool and want additional support in my framing. Is it better to stagger or use in line blocking when framing for additional bracing?
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How to extend a 2x6 joist to accommodate a hanger board for stairs?

I live in an antique home with 2x6 ceiling joists. The stairs are being rebuilt and the current hanger board for the stringers will not work. So I have attached a picture of the current setup and one ...
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88 views

Should I reinforce these joists at the central beam? If so, how?

Vaguely similar questions have been asked, but I believe this situation is unique enough that I’m looking for some specific advice. I have a floor that is framed with 2x8s, 16 O.C., spanning roughly ...
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Building a house in sections over time

Say I someday want to have a large estate, but for right now I just want to build the living room, kitchen, one bathroom, etc. and next year add another bedroom, library, etc. either adjoining or ...
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Options for mitigating a sloping floor due to settlement

I recently bought a house made in 1926. It's built into a hill where the basement is exposed in the back of the house. The basement is poured concrete. Over the years the foundation has settled about ...
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How can I prevent the blocking between my deck joists from making noise under foot traffic?

Framing new deck 2x8x10 PT lumber. Used solid blocking bridging and just walking across mid span the blocks POP. All blocks were hand nailed with 12d common Galv. When noticed popping went back ...
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Twisted Wall Studs In Tub Surround

I have a new tub that is being installed and then I'm going to tile the tub surround. The problem is that several of the wall studs are either broken, bowed, or twisted pretty bad. What's the best way ...
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What lumber should be used for indoor stair stringers?

I have seen some books say to use laminated 1.5" plywood to build the stringers because they do not warp. Others say 2x12 stock works but I do not want to deal with warping over time. So, what do you ...
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Does anyone know of a website with stud framing diagrams?

Does anyone know of a website with stud framing diagrams for various example rooms e.g. bathroom showing fixtures, kitchen showing appliances, and other various rooms in a house? There are home ...
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An idea to mix deflection rated I Joists?

I'm making some hypothetical blueprint ideas and started thinking about the various floor joist options. In our neck of the woods, I-Joists are by far most common with floor truss systems becoming ...
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How to cut floor joist for stairway headroom?

I live in an antique cape and we are having the stairs to the 2nd floor rebuilt so we will need more headroom. There is a floor joist that will need to be cut to make that possible. I'm trying to ...
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Framing nails: ring shank .120 vs smooth shank .131?

Building code calls for 3" x .131 nails for wall framing. I wanted to use ring shank which have a better hold, but I can't seem to find RS in .131. Whenever we go to RS, the diameter drops to .120. ...
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Span calculator using arbitrary spacing?

My "new" 72-y/o house is... interesting. The garage is much younger but still I just raise my eyebrows at some things. One of them is the loft/attic area in the garage. I wanted to move all my ...
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Minimizing risk of structual damage when hanging heavy bag from ceiling using commercially-available mounting system

I would like to mount a 100 lb heavy bag using a system detailed in the attached picture (FirstLaw Fitness Shock Mount). The system is designed to be mounted between and directly to 2 joists that are ...
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Framing Deck around Cantilevered bay window

I have a Cantilevered bay window that is about 7' wide I need to frame around. The ledger board is on both sides. The Residential Deck construction guide says it can not be wider the 6'. It states ...
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Framing on top of brick halfwall

I have this wall that I'm wanting to make into a flat wall. I plan to use furring strips with rigid foam insulation on the bottom brick half. Then another wall of 2x4 studs in front of the existing ...
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4answers
130 views

Which bolt pattern to sister a ceiling joist?

I need to sister a ceiling joist — put a 2x6 8ft piece next to existing joist, and fasten with 1/2 inch bolts. It will be supported by a stud wall on one end (but not other end) Anybody knows what ...
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1ft cantilever with uneven floor joist

My little powder room has been such a headache, hoping someone here can shed some lights. Little background of the house, built in 1909 on post and beam foundation with perimeter of the house sits ...
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What size door jamb should I order for a non-standard wall thickness?

So I have this 1961 year old House. These days, when sheathing (plywood) is placed, it's placed directly on the structural studs, and nailed. But my house has this strip of 11/16" wood placed ...
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Is it safe to mount a TV below a window?

I have a spot in my bedroom where I'd like to mount a tv. There is a wall with two closets on each side with a 4' space between them. The space has a built in chest that swings open at the top, and ...
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Can you sister floor joists with smaller boards?

Does adding a sister that is smaller than the original joist actually increase strength at all? If so, does it need to be sistered at the bottom (so both beams touch the sill) or does it still add ...
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How big is a framed opening for a door relative to the finished door opening width?

How much space should be allowed between studs to allow for a door? For example, if the finished door has a 30" opening, then what should be the distance between the framing studs that enclose the ...
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Should an interior non-load bearing wall stack up to a joist or stud?

I am trying to add a partition in my garage and the ceiling joist does not line up with the wall studs. So my question is which one do I go by?
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How close to the top of a structural stud can I drill?

I'm in California. I have a 4x4 structural post jack stud and a corresponding king stud 2x4. I would like to bore a 1/2" hole as close to the top as possible through both the jack and king. I know ...
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Sill thickness larger than 2"

Can a sill plate be larger than 2" thick? I installed a footing to carry a point load. I will be installing 3 LVL's on top of this and then trimmers to support a header. So I need the need to get ...
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How can I reuse lumber from the basement walls of my 1938 home?

I'm capable and ambitious but inexperienced. If the solution to my question is obvious, I probably didn't find the answer because I didn't know the right terminology to Google the question! In my ...
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102 views

Header beam nailing code requirement

I asked a version of this question yesterday, but now I would like to know exactly what the code says when it comes to nailing. So I am placing this 13ft (12.8ft) Versa-Lam LVL beam as header for a ...
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Is it safe to screw #14 screws into the bottom of Center Support Beam?

Making an 8' clothing rack in the basement. I don't want to weaken the center support beam which is made up of 3 2x10". Would it be safe to secure the pipe flange with 2 1/2" #14 screws into the ...
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278 views

How to nail LVL beam to King Stud

This seems to be the best forum to get answers. I asked a question a week ago about placement of LVL beam, it was answered in a matter of minutes. So I am placing this 13ft (12.8ft) Versa-Lam LVL ...
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Rafter tie sizing

Just bought a house in Ohio and the rafter ties in the garage are in pretty bad shape. Looks like the previous owner store a lot of heavy items on them and they are sagging and bowed. The garage is ...
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Do i need to use Cripple Studs if Header beam is flush with Top plate?

So I am placing a 13ft LVL Header beam, in a load bearing wall, to place a Patio Door. I am using a 3-1/2 by 11-7/8 Versa-Lam LVL beam, as recommended by my Engineer. I am planning to place the ...
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Should I frame out my foundation walls before or after I install the subfloor?

I'm about to start on finishing our basement and I'm going to put down a subfloor of DMX AG along with 5/8" T&G OSB. Should I frame out my perimeter foundation walls before the subfloor or after? ...
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Less number of king stud

This is stair tall wall 19' high. as per design around door there should be one jack and two king studs, contractor installed only one king stud on right side of door as there is another partition ...
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Upstairs load question [duplicate]

The home in question is in Orange County California. I believe most upstairs floor joist are 2"x10" 16" on center. What is the pounds per square feet. If my box foot print 60"x80"and weighs 2000lbs ...
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Can I put a metal safe weighing 2000 lbs in a 12x12 room? [closed]

I have a 12'x12' upstairs bedroom. Can a 2000 lbs safe be placed in that room? The dimensions would be the same size as a queen size bed (60"x80"). Can you supply the math in your answer. Thank you ...
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2answers
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Does this truss have two or three bearing points?

Part of my roof is made from studio trusses as shown in the picture. I'm trying to determine if any of the load from these trusses is borne by the highlighted wall. The wall is built with 2x6s, but ...
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2answers
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How to frame a rough opening on an existing header?

I am trying to convert my garage, and the garage door wall has a header on it. I am trying to frame a wall with a rough opening for a window and was wondering how I would fit the king studs, do I ...
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ceiling joist allowable span southern california

I'm adding ceiling joists in my garage. It's a 19' span between walls, and I'm using structural or #1 lumber. Should I use 2x8x22 OR 2X10X22 spaced 12" on center? I'll be adding 1/2" or 5/8" drywall.
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Fireblocking a balloon framed house lead to rot in the walls?

Conditions: Balloon framed construction, house built in 1930, Southern Connecticut region Does installing a fire-stop or Fireblocking where the sill plate and rim joist meet, block airflow and ...
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Floor joist splices appear inadequately reinforced

The following picture shows that the floor joists in this house are butt-spliced where they rest on top of a large beam. These joists are 2" x 6" Douglas Fir, and the end of each floor joist is ...
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How can I make sure that the ledger board supports for a floor are level?

I am building a floor and the first step is attaching ledger boards to existing studs around the perimeter of the room. The joists are JITs that will then be put in hangers attached to the ledger ...
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Use 2x4 Studs 90 Degrees from Normal

I'm looking to put up some drywall in front of a concrete wall in my basement. Just for hanging things on, and to make the space nicer. There are some pipes that run horizontal along the top of the ...
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Why does this load bearing stud not extend all the way to the floor?

In the center of the below picture, I recently had a cable installer come out and they drilled a 1" hole (effectively cutting the stud) right through the middle of the stud with the electrical box on ...
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What are these thin boards resting on interior wall top plate for?

I am trying to figure out what these two thin (1x4?) boards being used for in my attic. As you can see in the second picture, they are running parallel to the roof trusses, and on top of the interior ...
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Furring small basement closet

As part of our basement renovation, we need to fur the walls of the small (currently 28"x40") water shut-off closet. The closet nook is being closed in with a door. We have already insulated the ...