Questions tagged [framing]

For questions generally relating to the internal structural members of a home or other structure that form walls, ceilings and roofs, including studs, plates, headers, beams, and joists.

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51 views

What lower-profile options do I have to replace a triple 2x12 beam?

I am removing a center post on my patio cover to create a clear span of 15'. The current beam is 2 2x8s with three 4x4 posts. I have had a engineer friend calculate the load for the roof (pic attached)...
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39 views

Mounting Electric range when stud is on the center line?

I am installing 50 amp circuit for a basic 30 " freestanding electric range, The range I settled on is 40 amp. The instructions included say they do not recommend a 50 amp power cord from the ...
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1answer
22 views

Can I use a wood top plate on top of a steel track to build a roof-bearing steel frame?

I am building a room within my garage using double studs, double track, steel framing. The outer dimensions for this room are 23' l x 16' 6" w x 10' h, and will share no common walls or ceiling ...
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How to frame and install new windows in balloon frame with T1-11 siding?

Remodeling the 1930s wood-framed building we live in, and ready to make new openings to install new windows. It's difficult to describe how the walls are so I made a diagram below. Basically, from ...
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1answer
84 views

Drywall is off, can this wall come out?

I know the most sure way to figure this out is to have an engineer look at this but am hoping to get some insight here from someone knowledgeable in this area. We live in a condo and have a truss roof ...
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1answer
42 views

Framing basement bathroom: original builder didn't account for wall wrap when laying bathroom drains?

Context: I am looking to finish my basement, mostly DIY. The original builder installed what I understand to be a "wall wrap" on all exterior cement walls. This looks like ~1.5" of ...
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1answer
32 views

Max Deck Load PSF for Hot Tub

I am looking to place a 7'-10" x 9'-2" hot tub on my deck and am trying to evaluate the load capacity of the deck. Inspecting underneath the deck it looks like the load will be evenly ...
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1answer
22 views

Calculating Stair Strings - Is 7.92" Too High of a Rise for Patio Stairs?

I'm adding steps from a house down to a patio and am trying to build the stringers: 23.75" Total Rise 12x2 nominal lumber for the stringers. Total of 4 stringers @ 48" wide .92" ...
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68 views

How bad are these knee walls?

First, I am going to show this to a structural engineer that I've been working with. I am posting this to be better prepared to ask him questions. So if you see something wrong but are not sure, ...
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1answer
69 views

Is it better to pull old nails or hammer them flat?

When doing work like replacing drywall and trim, I'll pull all the old unused nails from the studs, joists, etc. I do this mainly for two reasons: a) so they don't get in the way of new fasteners ...
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1answer
37 views

Support for a workshop hoist

Just purchase a electric hoist to bring stuff up in the garage attic loft. The unit will lift 220 lbs up to 440 lbs. it has 2 brackets for support on top which are 1 3/4 x 2 Inches. I am thinking 30 ...
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1answer
46 views

What is the correct slope for a deck, and why?

I am building a deck (12' wide) and see that deck boards (at least when perpendicular to the house) should be sloped away from the house so water will run away from the house. Seeing numbers for the ...
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Can I drill through the bottom plate of this first floor into the basement?

I have a 1905 balloon-framed house in western Washington. I would like to run wiring down the front exterior wall into the basement. I've tried looking up designs for this architectural style but it's ...
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2answers
43 views

How to work around bowed king stud for a window frame?

I'm framing for a new window in an existing wall, and the left king stud bows out slightly. How can I fix this? My current plan is to place the new (straight) jack stud against the king stud, and add ...
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39 views

Can my second floor support a marble bathtub?

I have a marble bathtub that weights around 2400lbs which I have calculated is about 42 cubic feet; capacity of 314 gallons of water (@8.3lbs=2600lbs). The total weight of the bathtub with water and ...
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Sizing a #2 pine beam to span 13 feet 6 inches

I want to remove a portion of a center wall in a single story house that is a trussed roof with load carried on exterior walls. Snow load would be 30 ppf. The section of wall measures 13 feet 6 ...
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2answers
55 views

Can I remove this paneling from behind the wall?

I am attempting to run wire up a wall and hit an interesting problem behind the drywall. Behind the drywall is what appears to be inch thick wood paneling. Apologies for the rotation, will fix. ...
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1answer
21 views

Header size and support for 10 foot window

I'm putting in a large 10 foot window in a sunroom on a non load bearing wall. The entire wall is being replaced. I was planning to put in a header with joist hangers attached to the 2x12s in the ...
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2answers
403 views

Am I ready to install window framing in load bearing wall?

I'm looking to add a window to an exterior, load-bearing wall. In front of the wall (which rests on the foundation) is another "wall" framed for wood paneling. I need to cut through the ...
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1answer
19 views

Plank T&G subfloor / girder repair in bathroom 48" OC

I am doing a complete gut remodel of my bathroom in a 1962 construction home. The subfloor is 1-5/8" x 7" tongue and groove set on 4 x 6 girders that are spaced 48" OC. A leaky toilet completely ...
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2answers
30 views

joining two 190x35mm to make one 190x70mm

Intended use - rafter. Would be two joined boards be as strong as one of a larger size? Minimum requirement is 140x45mm, maximum 190x70mm. I have timber 190x35mm. If I use two boards side by side, ...
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1answer
75 views

how to stop a barn door from twisting a 2x8 header

I have two barn doors covering an 18' foot opening. The opening has wooden 4x4 at each end, and one in the middle. There are two spans of 2x8, 9' long as a header at the top of the 4x4s. After ...
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2answers
41 views

How do I replace Studs and bottom plate if the studs have been cut half way up the wall and removed

Should I put a 2X4 horizontal plate where they have been cut and then put a stud under it to a bottom plate, just like a wall. Or should I scab a 2X4 to the new stud like they said of the same one but ...
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1answer
42 views

Is this a reasonable way to create a crawlspace over a structural floor?

So, part of my thinking on "how to build a house" includes the use of a structural floor (slab) with a crawlspace framed atop it to provide space for, and access to, service runs. (Air handling ...
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58 views

What is this metal material?

I’m running some networking cable from my attic to my basement (only going through one main level). The best place to run the cabling takes me through an old covered up door (closet) frame on the way ...
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0answers
34 views

How to size a header for 3 openings along (non load bearing?) wall

We are reconfiguring the doors/windows along an exterior wall under the gable end. The original house had several windows and a 6' slider on that wall, all utilizing flat 2x4 headers. We are going ...
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1answer
44 views

Is it normal for fiberglass to face down in basement?

Image attached below. Entire basement has the fiberglass pointed downward and the paper touching the ceiling above. Why wouldn’t it be the opposite way so the fiberglass isn’t just hanging down?
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1answer
44 views

Can I notch the end of a piece of fire blocking to accommodate a wire?

I'm framing a partition wall and a lowered ceiling on one side of that wall. The space above the new, lower ceiling will essentially be attic space, so the inspector said I need fire blocking in the ...
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3answers
56 views

Is it possible to cut a larger opening in this window / serving hatch of this pool house?

I'm curious if it is possible to cut a taller opening in this pool house or if that would create structural issues supporting the roof From the inside you can see I would remove the 3 stubby studs ...
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3answers
93 views

How can I modify this load bearing wall to allow for a French drain?

I have a basement wall made of block/poured concrete, but it's leaking. My plan is to install a French drain to take care of the leaks and prevent flooding. To complicate matters, this wall isn't ...
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1answer
72 views

What should I use to frame walls inside a concrete structure?

I recently bought a house and it has an unfinished suspended garage (big concrete room with 12’ ceilings in the basement under the garage). The walls, floor, and ceiling are all concrete and there ...
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0answers
39 views

How much weight can a 3.5" deck screw hold before pulling out?

I have built a climbing wall in my daughter's bedroom room. There is a portion on the structure that is completely horizontal on the ceiling, it is 36" × 36". The framing consists of 2x4's. I ...
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1answer
90 views

How do I attach a deck joist to a ledger at an inside corner of the house?

I'm planning a deck for the back of my house that will be tucked into an inside corner of the building. I'm not sure how I'll attach the outer joist to the ledger board, since that will be tucked ...
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2answers
50 views

How to fill 5 inch deep gap above and below window on internal wall

I've recently had wallpaper stripped and the guy managed to remove two of the PVC window trims in the process. This has exposed a gap between the top of the window and the wall of about 1.5 inches, ...
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1answer
38 views

66 inch tub in a 68 inch alcove?

Technically it's not an alcove, it's the back end of the bathroom, and I want to put a tub across that back wall. It's 68" across, and the closest tubs that I can find are 66". Seems like I should ...
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1answer
48 views

Structural integrity of new fence on concrete slab

I recently bought a condo with a 11'x13' patio with a wooden privacy fence. The fence is in pretty bad shape so I want redo it with new wood in a more modern design by doing horizontal planks. I ...
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2answers
173 views

How can I reduce a rough opening height 1-1/4"?

I'm building a new master bedroom closet. The wife wants a specific 30x80" door which requires a rough-in of 32x82. Unfortunately, the measurement from the top plate to the subfloor is 83 1/4". I'm ...
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1answer
61 views

Rebuilding fence - lumber questions

I recently bought a condo with a 11'x13' patio with a wooden privacy fence. The fence is in pretty bad shape so I want redo it while we are locked down in our houses. I've read up a ton and just want ...
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1answer
43 views

How can I frame a four-sided cantilever on a 10x12 freestanding, floating deck?

To try to keep the background short and to the point: I live just outside of Atlanta, GA and am looking to build a small (10'x12') on-grade freestanding deck behind my house. I'm not allowed to dig ...
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18 views

How to construct posts on 15' tall dock

I am working on designing a 2 story dock that will house my boat and have a deck on top. I was planning on constructing the dock using concrete pillars and 6x6's. My original plan was 12" wide ...
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1answer
28 views

Attach Garage to Existing Wall

As described in this question, I'm planning to add an attached garage onto the side of my house. I'm looking for some guidance on how to attach it to the existing wall. A bit of background about the ...
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1answer
19 views

Properly secured soffit?

I noticed a sizeable gap between the facia board and the truss supports in my attic. Length of the overhang is 22ft long. It has a 40in overhang. only about 1/3rd of the rafters have nails extending ...
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2answers
34 views

How do I deal with 3" subfloor overhang and extreme joist notch

I have two distinct problems I found after removing a replacement piece of subfloor that a previous owner had cut and put in to place. First is there is a very large notch (12") created in a joist so ...
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3answers
137 views

What amount of wood defects is acceptable in a lumber delivery?

I took a delivery ($200 delivery fee!) from 84 which included eighteen 2x6 studs. Of those, only two didn't have significant defects. About 14 have significant (1"+) wane on two sides. Four have long ...
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3answers
135 views

Does RTD in plywood mean “Rated” or “Resistance Temperature Detectors”?

Lots of plywood at Home Depot have the letters RTD in the title, with no further detail. Many of these have multiple user questions of the form "What does RTD mean?" Answers seem to be split 50/50 ...
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315 views

What are some alternatives to making birdsmouth cuts in a rafter?

I'd like to avoid making a birdsmouth cut in my rafters since they are extending beyond the top plate in a cantilever, and I don't want to reduce the strength too much. I've seen that there is VPA (...
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1answer
47 views

Do 8d nails come in different lengths?

From what I can tell, 8 Penny nails are 2 1/2" long. Charts on the internet back this up. But I was looking at the nailing guide for this hurricane tie on homedepot.com and it specifies two ...
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2answers
55 views

How could one create a man sized cylinder be created with woodworking?

The goal is to create a cylinder shaped, ribbed shell with wood, and what Evers necessary to hold it together. Something like the following image: The idea is that the internal area of the circles is ...
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1answer
967 views

What's the difference between “Framing Lumber” and “Framing Studs”?

The Home Depot website has these two as categories under Dimensional Lumber. Why would one want to exclude items from one category during a search for wood to use in a project? What is the ...
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2answers
39 views

When using a VPA (Variable-Pitch Connector) to connect roof rafters to a top plate, how and where do you install hurricane ties?

When a VPA to attach rafters to a top plate, it seems there isn't room left for your normal hurricane tie to be put in place: The part of the VPA that nails on to the top plate obstructs the ability ...

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