Upstate NY USA here.
For the last few days I have been finding several of these bugs in my basement:
Is this a cockroach?!? If so, what species/subspecies/type is it? And if not, what else could it be?
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I would have to agree with Jess, it appears to be the Common Black Ground Beetle (which is several species of beetle really). I have mistaken them for roaches on quick glance too. It could be the Oriental Roach but just a few things in the photo make me thing it is a beetle.
The photo is a little blurry but its sections appear to be the right sizes and the abdomen looks like it has ridges that run in parallel with the long axis of its body. Additionally, (don't quote me) I believe that house roaches in North America do not store their wings behind a hard shell. The photo suggests a hard shell with a split in the centre straight down, roaches 'interweave' their wings. The head doesn't appear to be the right shape to be a roach either, its mandibles appear to be the front most part of its head, a roach's eyes tend to be the leading part of head, and the mandible down low towards the ground.
I find them in my garage all the time in Missouri, they don't really do any harm. Just ugly and scare you death if they scurry out of something unexpectedly.