Both of my neighbors have had issues with birds nesting in the vents in each of their houses. Securing the bathroom exhaust vents against birds seems straightforward to me: simply replace the vent hood with one that has a mesh around it (something like this).
However, this seems like the wrong thing to use with a dryer vent. I'm concerned about lint getting caught up in the mesh of the vent, ultimately causing the ventilation of said vent to be lowered dramatically.
Are there any clever means of securing a dryer vent against nesting birds, while keeping it relatively open to allow small bits of lint to escape? My dryer vent is unfortunately on the second floor of my house, making my job that much more difficult.