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I'm replacing a ceiling fan and it has three wires as is common: black, white, and bare ground. I have a two-toggle wall switch. One switch makes the black wire hot (for the motor), and the other switch makes the white wire hot (for the integrated light). So it looks as if the white wire in the ceiling is used as a hot for the light rather than a neutral wire as is common.

From the main power, there are three wires:

Black wire has nut that is spliced to both the Dual Switch (that controls the ceiling fan) and the other switch which operates the upsidedown wall outlet.

White Wire is spliced to just the upsidedown wall outlet. (no connection to Ceiling Fan)

All three bare ground wires are connected together.

So the Dual switch that controls the ceiling fan has The Black Wire from the main power to the top of the switch, The other top wire at the ceiling fan Dual switch is the BLack wire that runs to the Ceiling Fan (assuming to run the fan light, and the Bottom wire is the White wire which appears to operate with the bottom switch (of the dual switch) when it is turned assumed for the fan motor.

Ceiling with 3 wires

Dual switch with white wire at the bottom, and two black wires at the top

Complete Box

[1]: http://i.stack.imgur.com/jHtJs.jpg Crazy thing is this is how the home builder (Beezer Homes) wired the home when new in 95). I remember the builder was originally suppose to install 3-toggle switches in two bedrooms. They only installed 2-toggle switches. They corrected the problem by install the dual switch in place of one of the single toggle switches.

The fan was wired with the House bare ground wire being utilized as the Fan's neutral White Wire (and that being connected to the mount ground wire. The houses Neutral is the hot wire for the fan motor. Black wires are connected as normal and for power to the fan's light.

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    It has to have a neutral - otherwise there's no potential difference. How was it wired before? I certainly hope they didn't use the bare wire as the neutral... – Comintern Jan 14 '16 at 1:43
  • I don't know how it's wired up currently, but it doesn't sound right. Without a neutral and with both sides switched, there isn't a complete path for power to flow. If your new fan has a wire wire to be connected, it needs to be connected or there could be problems all around with the setup. – TFK Jan 14 '16 at 1:45
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    Can you post photos of the inside of the ceiling fan and switch boxes please? – ThreePhaseEel Jan 14 '16 at 1:56
  • That doesn't make any sense at all. You need a Hot and Neutral for electricity to flow. You have just a hot (black?) You are missing something. Normally you would have Black, Red, White, bare. The red controls the light, and the White is used for both. Or you have to independent wires, each with Black, White, Bare. – Ariel Jan 14 '16 at 2:16
  • Please use the Edit feature to add more details to your question, instead of providing an answer. This is not a forum. I've edited the information into the question, but it seems one of the photos is missing. – Tester101 Jan 14 '16 at 11:12
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Someone took a dangerous and illegal shortcut to separating the fan and light switches. Rather than running a second hot, they're using the white as a hot and the ground conductor as the neutral. You should rectify the situation immediately by returning the white wire to service as a proper neutral. We can help further if you describe or post a photo of the switch wiring.

Your final comment about having no neutral in the house makes sense if you're confusing neutral and ground. Older homes commonly have ungrounded branch circuits. At the switch, you probably have blacks and whites, but no bare grounds. My guess is that the ceiling light box was added after the house was built using contemporary 14/2 with ground. Since the ground didn't have a function, it was converted to be used as a neutral for a split switch scenario.

  • The home was built in 95. The ceiling fan box was installed during construction, however the builder was originally suppose to install 3-toggle switches in two bedrooms. They only installed 2-toggle switches. They corrected the problem by install the dual switch in place of one of the single toggle switches. – Dave Jan 15 '16 at 1:45
  • Yeah, you said that. The issue is the number of wires, not the number of switches. – isherwood Jan 15 '16 at 14:05
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Your builder should be ashamed of themselves for the ugly hack they pulled here -- using the EGC as a neutral's a big no-no, as that denies all the safety benefits of having a ground wire, and would trip a GFCI or AFCI breaker placed on the circuit.

However, it is possible to fix this without opening the wall to run new wires, in one of two ways:

Install a fan controller instead of the switch, and its matching receiver in the fan canopy

A dimming fan control system like the Lutron Maestro MA-LFQHW can be used to have control of the fan and light over the same hot wire using the canopy module. With such a kit:

  1. Turn off the power to the circuit
  2. Remove the old switch
  3. Nut the white wire that was connected to the old switch to the neutral bundle in the box
  4. Remove the ground crimp so that you can nut the ground wire on the dimmer into it
  5. Follow the instructions that come with the fan control when you install the new fan

Replace the switch with a single switch and use a switch-based fan controller in the fan canopy

If you do not want dimming or multi-speed fan control of any sort, you can replace the switch with a regular single pole switch and use a Functional Devices FL101 controller to provide On/Off fan and light control from the switch.

Using this controller:

  1. Turn off power to the circuit
  2. Remove the old double switch
  3. Nut the white wire that was connected to the switch to the neutral bundle in the box
  4. Connect a bare pigtail from the new single switch's green screw to the ground bundle in the box -- you'll have to cut the crimp off and replace it with a nut to do this
  5. Connect the brass screws on the new single switch to the black wires that were connected to the old double switch
  6. Install the Fan-Light controller during the fan installation as per the manufacturer's instructions

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