The breaker box is located in the laundry room of the house, which itself is an air conditioned space. I bought the house in the summer and this winter the room has been extremely cold even when the rest of the rooms in the house are warm. Upon investigating I noticed that cold air was flowing into the laundry room from around the breaker box, so I took the front panel off the breaker box to reveal the following:
Air primarily seems to be entering from the bottom right hand corner where the main electric cable from outside enters the breaker box. However, when the panel cover was on, I could feel cold air coming through the holes in the boards both to the left of the breaker box (all the way up and down the length of the box even though they are on the other side of the stud cavity that the breaker box is located in), and below the breaker box (where the insulation is).
Here is a closeup of what I believe are the problem areas (based on where I could feel cold air coming in):
pulling away the insulation reveals that the air enters the area below the cavity because there are holes to let wires through, and air then enters the stud cavity to the left because there are holes in the stud to let wires through.
In addition, there is an opening to the outside where other cables enter the house which can be more clearly in the picture below.
My questions are:
What is the best and safest (because I am working around electricity) way to plug up the main hole (the one in the bottom right of the breaker box where the main electric cable enters the box?
What is the best and safest way to plug the other holes (at the bottom of the breaker box, in the left stud, and in the foam board)?