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By 'two different circuits,' I mean 'two separate single-pole breakers'.

Here is a crude wiring diagram of the switches and electrical box in question:

https://i.imgur.com/yefrWHx.png https://i.imgur.com/yefrWHx.png

  • The red things are wire nuts.
  • The black ovals (1-6) are knockouts.
  • Circuit X:
    • Switch A is a single-pole switch that controls 4 outdoor lights.
    • Switch B is a 4-way switch that controls 2 ceiling light fixtures (along with 2 other switches).
    • May also have 1 outdoor outlet, but I forgot to check.
  • Circuit Y:
    • Switch C is a 3-way switch that controls half of an outlet (along with 1 other switch).
    • Also has 4.5 'always-on' outlets.
  • The pink wires in the diagram are white in reality.
  • The black connected to Switch A is the hot.
  • The pink (white) wires never measure a voltage, regardless of any switch's state.
  • I have a very basic 2-probe voltage tester (like this), but no continuity tester.
  • Everything functions correctly.

What is the easiest way to figure out:

  1. If the pink (white) wires are indeed neutrals?
  2. If they are associated with Circuit X or Circuit Y?
  3. What the orange wire is? (Possibly neutral for the other circuit?)
  • In a box containing switches, it's very common for all the neutrals to be bound together the way the pink wires are in your diagram. As far as "which neutral for which circuit", in the breaker panel, all the neutrals are connected to the same bus, so what are you really trying to figure out? They are all connected electrically. – JPhi1618 Oct 1 '15 at 20:07
  • What is the actual color of the orange wire in your diagram? – JPhi1618 Oct 1 '15 at 20:23
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    The orange wire is actually orange. Also, I was under the impression that each circuit has its own neutral, that they cannot be connected together on the 'house' side of the breaker due to the risk of overload, and that the only accepted way to do it code-wise is to use a dual-pole breaker with a MWBC. – FintipLocksmith Oct 1 '15 at 20:34
  • Ah, I see what I missed - you know that the wires in this box are for two different breakers. I've never come across orange or yellow wires in electrical boxes. What part of the US or other country are you in? – JPhi1618 Oct 1 '15 at 20:45
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    Can you diagram the other two 3-way switches that work with that 4-way switch? The orange wire probably goes to one of the 3-way common terminals. – Brian Duke Oct 1 '15 at 21:28
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Are the breakers adjacent? If so, you're probably looking at a multi-wire branch circuit which should--but doesn't--have an approved tie-bar device between the two breakers, and which would use one neutral for both sides of the circuit.

Multi-wire branch circuits are safe when both branches are powered and when both branches are off. They can in some cases be dangerous if one side is powered and the other isn't.

If this isn't multi-wire branch circuit wiring, I doubt that it's safe at all. It appears that black and blue are two hot wires entering from #5, which has one neutral return. If black and blue are anti-phase, as in a multi-wire branch circuit, the maximum current on the neutral will be the difference between the current on the black and blue wires, so the neutrals cannot be overloaded without tripping a breaker. If they're not wired anti-phase, however, the current on the neutral wire will be the sum of the currents on the black and blue wires. If devices on each circuit are drawing 20A, the current in the neutral wire will be 40A--dangerously overloaded.

1

I realize this is an old question, but just thought I'd take a stab at it. From the way you've described things and from your drawing, I believe the pink(white)wires are a shared neutral between the black and blue wires originating from KO#5, which means these two conductors need to always be kept on separate ends of a single phase as they probably are (measuring a nominal 240v between them in the panel and 120v to ground individually) or on separate phases in a three-phase panel (measuring nominal 208v between them and individually 120v to ground). Current code requires the individual breakers to be handle-tied together so they will be turned off at the same time, or on a two-pole breaker accomplishing the same.

As for the orange wire, normally this color is reserved to indicate high voltage or for the high leg of a delta three-phase usually seen only in commercial or industrial applications. But seeing as how there are two other three way switches on that lighting circuit (one at KO#2 and one at KO#4), I believe the orange wire is the switch leg attached to the common screw of the three-way switch located in a box at the other end of the cable or conduit attached to KO#2. The orange wire comes from there and leads to the box where the last three-way switch is located. It is at that far box (not shown in the diagram, but attached via KO#4, let's just call it "HallBox") where the lighting loads for the hall and the outdoor lights are apparently also attached. The only weird thing I see here is that it appears there is no feed originating in this box for the hall-way lights, because otherwise one of the hots should be exiting through KO#5. It might be where the wires exiting through KO#1 end up. Or, it could come in as a separate branch circuit from the panel.

Neutrals in this diagram appear to be tied together correctly, but neutrals in HallBox need to be identified and kept separate according to their loads. The loads are the key to separating the neutrals. In other words, HallBox probably has both Hall-way lighting-load conductors and Outdoor lighting-load conductors entering it. In HallBox, tie all Hall-way lighting neutrals together, but keep them separate from Outdoor neutrals. It doesn't matter if they are on that same shared neutral, you still need to keep them separate to avoid paralleling conductors and creating heat build-up. This is something that may well have been done incorrectly in HallBox, but I've given you the knowledge tool to correct it if so. Really, I see no other possibility. You've definitely got a situation where the neutrals should be kept separate in HallBox, whether it is fed with a third branch circuit or it's an extension of the blue wire from KO#1.

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