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Our basement is partially finished, approximately 50/50 in terms of square footage. It was used as a mother-in-law suite at some point by a previous owner.

The finished rooms are air conditioned/heated from our single central HVAC system. We also run a portable, 70 pint or so, dehumidifier in the "K" room

Our problem is that it is very humid down there and the air is pretty musty smelling. Humidity is typically 50% or greater in the summer months. In the winter, it drops to low 40s. We have white mold growing on a few items down there.

The current HVAC and dehumdifier aren't cutting it. We called in a basement/moisture company and they recommended a dedicated whole-house dehumidifier, ducted to just the basement. It was a $5k quote.

I am hands on, so I'd like to tackle this myself. I can save quite a bit of money, and it seems that the installation will be pretty simple, given that I have easy access to all the rooms.

I do not plan on integrating it with the existing HVAC ductwork. That will increase complexity and we may have an HVAC overhaul in the future.

I have attached a basic sketch of the basement and rooms. Finished rooms are BR, K and LR. There is a bath attached to the BR (not ducted, but there is a "window" to the unfinished portion of the basement.) I am planning on installing the unit in the unfinished space, near the existing HVAC. I have several ways to get the condensation out of the house from that location - pump outside, pump into washer stand pipe, pump into sewage pump.

I want to duct work the "K" room and another in the "BR," but I am not sure how to include the unfinished portion of the basement. We use the left most portion of the unfinished space for storage, so I would love to control the moisture level in that area.

Should my goal be to create a circular flow of air? One return in, say the K, and a supply in BR? Should the unfinished storage area have a supply or return?

Thank you!

  • Depending on your area, you may not be allowed to plumb the condensate drain into the sanitary sewer. You'll have to check with your local building department. Basically the idea is that if the sewer backs up, you don't want sewage pouring into the HVAC system. In some areas it's common to plumb it into the sump pit. – Tester101 Jun 9 '15 at 15:35
  • You said the space is conditioned, are there returns from this area going back to the HVAC system? Is this area zoned separately from the rest of the home? – Tester101 Jun 9 '15 at 15:39
  • It also doesn't appear that there's an emergency escape route from the bedroom. – Tester101 Jun 9 '15 at 15:44
  • I will confirm where I can drain the condensate. Yes, the space is conditioned and there are returns going back to the HVAC, which is not zoned at all. To escape the bedroom, you'd walk out the LR through the kitchen and out the door (which is incorrectly drawn as opening in) – koulouty Jun 9 '15 at 18:47
  • Most places require an escape route directly from the bedroom to the outside (usually a window), but that's not the topic at hand. – Tester101 Jun 9 '15 at 19:41
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This is going to be sort of a comment, or at least not a complete answer.

When designing the system, the goal is not to create a breeze through the space. The goal is to control pressure equalization in such a way that the air is mixed and dehumidified (conditioned).

Having one large return at one end of the space, and a large return at the other may work. But it's not going to be as efficient, and will require maintaining an open area for which the air to flow (no closed doors).

Let's back up a bit, and think about how the system works...

The fan (or blower) is going to create a high pressure area "in front" of it, which causes the pressure in the supply ducts to increase. The higher pressure air flows from the supply ducts, in an attempt to equalize the pressure between the supply ducts and the rooms. At the same time, the fan (blower) has also created a low pressure zone "behind" it. The higher pressure air in the rooms is forced into the return ducts, in an effort to equalize the pressure between the rooms and the return ducts.

So the system works by forcing conditioned air into the rooms, and having unconditioned air pushed into the system.

Wherever you have a supply duct, you want to have and unobstructed return duct. Otherwise you'll end up with a high pressure area in one place, and a low pressure area in another.

In your example, if you have a single supply duct feeding the kitchen, and a single return in the bedroom. What happens if the bedroom door is closed? In fact, the bedroom door in your drawing would have a tendency to be pushed closed, if you installed the system the way you've described. You'll be creating a high pressure zone in the kitchen and living room, and a low pressure area in the bedroom. Which means the door could be closed by the pressure differences.

You'll want to install a supply and return in each separate area. In your case that would mean installing a supply and return in the living room/kitchen, bedroom, and storage area.

Unfortunately, duct design is a bit of science, and a bit of art. Covering all the information you'd need to know, would be nearly impossible in this short answer format. In my opinion, duct design is not a job for an amateur. At the very least, you'll want a pro to assist in that aspect of the job.

I know I've rambled a bit, and I'm sure you don't want somebody to tell you not to do it yourself. But in my opinion, it's better to have it done right, then to have it done cheap. Aside from all that I've mentioned. It's impossible for somebody to design a duct system without knowing the equipment you're going to use, or the actual dimensions of the space. So there's no way anybody on this site could provide a duct design for you, with the information you've provided.

My advice... Get an HVAC contractor to design the system for you, then you can do the work of installing it yourself.

  • Thank you. You have given me a lot to consider. I will see if I can get an HVAC contractor involved for a portion of this project. – koulouty Jun 10 '15 at 13:03

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