I am trying to hook up a ceiling exhaust fan. I am going to run 2 switches, light and fan separate. The line in power from box is just 14 ga blk and white. My house was built in 60s. I don't know how to do this since I have no red wire. Electrical is not my strong suite in construction so I need a little guidance.
You're going to need to run new wire, which can be tricky.
ASSUMPTION - There is a wire from the panel to the switchbox. If the supply goes directly to the fixture first, then this does not apply!!!
- Turn off power to the circuit.
- Remove the existing fixture. See if you can get the mounting box out.
- Feel along the wire and remove the staple attaching the wire to the structure.
- Do the same at the switch box.
- Hopefully, your wire will move now if you pull it gently at one end.
- Take some 14-3 wire and strip a few inches of the outer insulation off. (A dull carpet knife works great!)
- Tie one of the strands of the new wire to one of the old. Wrap the entire connection in electrical tape.
- Pull the old wire out, and the new wire will follow it in.
- Replace staples to the best of your ability.
If you can't get the wire to move, you're going to have to break and patch the drywall, which can be a pain.
Wiring - The other wire in your switchbox should be the supply from the panel. - Cut two pieces of black wire, and pigtail them to the supply black with an appropriate sized wire nut. (You are splitting the wire into two). - Wire each end of this pigtail to a separate switch. - Wire the 14-3 black to one switch, the red to the other. - Wire the whites together with a nut. - Connect the ground to the box and the supply ground. - Connect the fixture at the other end according to manufacturers instructions.
- Put the switches back in the box with one screw each. Make sure the connections don't touch.
- Reinstall the other screws, faceplates etc. -