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  1. The water tank is just above the first floor of the house. The diameter of pipe from the tank is 25mm and diameter inside the bathroom is 12 mm. Water pressure in bathroom of ground floor is good and the water pressure in the bathroom of first floor is poor. The tank is inside the roof so it cannot be raised. The bathroom has internal piping system so it cannot be removed without breaking the tiles. In such circumstances, if I increase the outside pipe diameter to 50 mm, will it help to increase the pressure inside the bathrooms.

  2. Is there some other solutions?

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  1. Increasing the pipe size from 25mm to 50mm will definitely reduce the pressure loss along the pipeline, making more pressure available; however, 25mm is already a pretty good size for a residential water pipe and the pressure loss may already be very small. So the difference may not be noticeable. Unfortunately, the problem is likely just the lack of vertical head from the tank to the bathroom.

  2. In some places they make tanks with a bladder or spring inside which are pressurized as they are filled to provide more pressure than gravity alone can.

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    The original question/request appears to be how to increase pressure, not flow. Changing the diameter of any plumbing will not change pressure if the pressure is based on a tank on the roof. Raising the tank and therefore raising the water column would increase pressure. The ground floor has higher pressure than the first floor (2nd floor in US) because the water column to the ground floor is "taller." The latter part of your answer (1) is correct, as is part (2). – fred_dot_u Nov 18 '16 at 1:37
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    @fred_dot_u: you're right, you can't increase the pressure at the tank by making a bigger pipe, but you can increase the pressure at the faucet. The pressure at the faucet is going to be the pressure at the tank minus any pressure losses on the way to the faucet. Pressure loss is a function of the square of the velocity in the pipe. So doubling the size of the pipe means, at the same flow, 4 times lower velocity, which means 16 times less pressure loss. Of course, as I pointed out, that's probable already pretty small, but to be absolutely correct, not nothing. – Joel Keene Nov 18 '16 at 14:49

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