New Propane Run

I just had a new propane tank installed, however before the company would put in the tank they said I needed to replace the flexible copper tubing with the appropriately sized black pipe or CSST. They gave me a document the showed the correct pipe size per BTU draw. I installed 1" black pipe for the whole run 30" to the 170K BTU furnace and tapped 1/2" for the range and the water heater.

My question: How can the tank be hooked to a 1" pipe with a piece of 1/2" flex copper tuning and still provide the required CFM flow appropriate for the max potential draw?

• Your question is unclear. Do you mean that they connected the tank to your 1" service pipe using a 1/2" flex pipe? – feetwet May 3 '15 at 3:43

Short answer is, because the 1/2" flexible tubing is short enough to not cause a major pressure loss. If you ran 1/2" line the whole way, it would be too much pressure drop.

Pressure drop across a pipeline is a function of all the friction losses added together. These include "major" losses (the official terminology, not mine) from the friction with the pipe itself, and "minor" losses from having to go through bends, tees, and valves.

The major losses are a function of the velocity (V) through the pipe (squared), the length (L) of the pipe, the diameter (D) of the pipe, the density (p) of the fluid, and the "roughness" (f) of the inside of the pipe. The diameter actually hits 5 times because reducing the diameter increases the velocity by the square of the reduction, which is then itself squared again, and the diameter comes in again in the friction equation. It looks something like this: 2*f*V^2*L/D

Minor losses are a function of the velocity squared, the density, and the specific character of the disturbance. 90 degree bends have more loss than 45s, long-radius bends have less than short, and so on.

So, increasing the pipe size greatly reduces the pressure drop in a pipeline when the gas is flowing because it slows the gas down and gives it less surface to have to rub up against.

The pressure drop because of friction is directly related to how long the pipe is and all of the pressure drops are additive. That means you can change one without affecting the others.

So, say you lose 1"WC for each foot of 1/2" pipe you go through, and 0.1"WC for each foot of 1" pipe you go through at a certain flow rate.

If you ran 50' with just 1" piping, the loss would be: 5"WC

If you ran 50' with just 1/2" piping, the loss would be: 50"WC

If you ran 47' with 1", and 3' with 1/2", the loss would be: 7.7"WC

7.7 is a lot lower than 50, so the point is, it's okay to go through a smaller section of pipe, as long as it's not too long. And certainly, going through a short piece of small pipe and then a long piece of large pipe is much better than going through a small pipe the whole way.