First as Henry Jackson mentions the low flow shower heads are part of the the water consumption laws passed in the US. I am not sure how the US compares to other countries. I have done construction in France and in Spain and nobody has mentioned this to me and I never really thought about the pressure after installation - if I were to guess they seem to have a lot of pressure.
Removing the restrictor (sometimes referred to as the flow control by some manufacturers) is probably the easiest thing to do.
Actually let me take it one step further. Given the green restrictor you see in the picture above, I don't want to totally take it out. This is because the depth of the gasket that is over this may not match up well with this out and could be loose. So I like to just remove the center part of the restrictor and put it back in how it was. Boom - half of the shower heads I had issues with are fine after this.
The next factor we have to think about is how much water is making its way to the shower valve. The size of the plumbing will determine how much water your shower is getting. Most showers in the US are fed with 1/2" PEX or copper. This should be plenty to get a pretty powerful shower. If you have 3/8" or 1/4" feeding your shower this could cause low flow. But this is usually pretty costly to fix and includes opening bathroom walls. Some people will differ with my take on the 1/2" being enough and say that a shower head needs 3/4" - this is more personal preference but you can get a good shower from 1/2" in my opinion.
Then to go along with the amount of water pumped to the shower head another restriction point is the filter of your shower valve shown below. If you have a newer shower valve they will come with on or two filters (hot/cold). These become clogged and restrict water flow. In the picture below there would be a mesh filter under the two smaller gaskets. These can get clogged with mineral deposits or "dirty" water. To clean these you can get a new filter from manufacturer or often you can just soak the screen in vinegar. If the filters are really clogged often they will have damaged the filter mechanism enough that you will have to replace.
The next factor is if the head pressurizes the water. Some manufacturers do a turbine type of effect that pushes out the water faster. Others restrict the water before outputting which increases pressure. Others add air into the mix to create pressure. And others do something else or a combination. This is really "what to buy" thing. I don't want to get buying advice but I have bought these types and have been happy. Read reviews.
The last factor that I can think of is how many outlets the shower head has and how big they are. The less outlets for water to go through and the smaller they are will lead to more PSI output. This is really a buying question too and one where you want to read specs and reviews on a shower head. I tend to go for the mulit-function ones below that can adjust through 5-10 stages. Usually 2-3 of them outputs pretty high. (The picture below is not a recommendation, just an example)