Yes, google "jamb extension", and you'll get plenty of instruction.
The only quirk to watch for is that the width of the jamb extension will sometimes vary because the door/wall relationship isn't perfect.
One approach is to exactly scribe the extension to the plane of the wall. This is time-consuming but pretty.
If you have the jamb extension proud of the wall, then applying casing will be a pain.
If the jamb extension is not wide enough to come up to the plane of the wall, you can hammer the drywall (underneath where the casing goes!) to make it flush.
A modest gap between the door and the jamb extension can be filled with painter's caulk.
All in all, caulk is your friend.