I am helping a friend install a bathroom in his basement. The basement floor is partially rock which has been covered in plastic vapour barrier and then covered in a thin layer of concrete. (The builders obviously didn't want to spend the money on excavating the rock to build a full basement with a level floor) That area of the basement floor which is rock slopes basically in two main directions (but the slopes aren't uniform - picture rolling hills!) towards the corner of the basement where he wants to place his bathroom.
In order to create a level floor surface, I think tapered joists will have to be laid from the deepest part of the basement and will have to be extended to where they horizontally intersect the concreted rock. To maximize finished floor space, the joists would have to be tapered considerably and over different lengths depending upon where they contact the concreted rock.
Height is also a problem. The wider we make the level floor, the higher up we have to secure the deep end of the joists. We can probably go up about 10 to 12 inches at the deepest corner before the ceiling clearance will be too low.
So my questions are: a. How do I anchor and support the tapered end of the joists where they meet the concrete covered rock,
b. How skinny can I make the tapered end of the joist (bearing in mind that the longer I can make the joists, the wider the bathroom floor can be)
c. How can I find the "level" line on the concreted rock when the rock is not uniformly sloped. (Is there something like a spinning laser level that would project a level line on the concreted rock that I could then mark with chalk?)
Thanks for any help or light you can shed on this project.
Dave Nanaimo, British Columbia Canada