I'm migrating my smoke alarms from the main panel to a generator-backed-up subpanel so I'll have fire protection during a power outage. I'm simultaneously replacing the old smoke detectors.

I read that smoke detectors should be on an AFCI protected circuit, but the instruction manuals for both my Kidde Firex Smoke Alarm and my Kidde Firex Heat Alarm say:

The appropriate power source is 120 Volt AC Single Phase supplied from a non-switchable circuit which is not protected by a ground fault interrupter.

My Siemens Combination Type Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupter breaker says

Detects line-to-neutral, line-to-ground and series arcs!

Does that mean it's a "ground-fault interrupter" so I shouldn't use it with the alarms?

  • 1
    You don't want circuit protection on protective circuits. For instance if a sprinkler system has an emergency diesel engine to pressurize the system (e.g. in a power outage) -- it will NOT have shut-offs for low oil pressure, coolant, temp, etc. The purpose is to protect the building, not the engine. – Harper - Reinstate Monica Dec 19 '16 at 21:28

You can have them on an AFCI circuit if you like. Newer codes would require it, but if they are not on an AFCI now you do not need to add one just because you are moving the circuit the generator panel.

No, newer "combination AFCI" breaker are NOT combination AFCI/GFCI breakers. It means they detect parallel and series arc faults.

| improve this answer | |
  • I guess I still don't understand the difference between ground faults and line-to-ground arc faults. Thanks for steering me right, though. – Michael H Dec 1 '14 at 12:50
  • @MichaelH, a ground fault is anything that causes the power coming in on the hot wire to be greater than the power going out on the neutral wire -- the assumption is that the missing power is going to ground somewhere. A line-to-ground arc fault is a particular type of ground fault, when the hot conductor comes into near contact with something grounded, generating a spark that rapidly heats things up, possibly causing a fire. (Solid contact between hot and ground would be a short circuit, which would trip the circuit breaker.) – Mark Jan 10 at 3:42
  • I thought the code only pertained to 120V, 15/20A circuits with a receptacle on it. How does that apply to smoke detectors? – mreff555 Jul 14 at 22:59

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.