I'm wondering if there is a wall outlet power meter that I can somehow interface with from a computer. I'm aware of all the google power meter products, but those are for an entire house. I'm trying to measure the electricity usage of a single outlet during an experiment without having to physically read the power meter and recording the result. Let me know if I need to explain anything.
If you're willing to do a little modification, you can use a Kill-A-Watt and hook it up to your computer.
In the Adafruit forums, I found a guy who was trying to read the Kill-A-Watt directly with an Arduino, instead of wirelessly sending the readings. You could use an Arduino and read the measurements directly into a serial console on your computer and save the results to a file that way.
In addition if you spend the extra money on a TED Device you can still use that at the device level doesn't have to be connected to your whole house.
I +1 the Kill-a-watt option, however that does require manual reading. But at $20 it's cheap.
If you want to go quite high-end, there's the option of a metered PDU. I recently bought a tripplite rackmountable PDU for power control on computers. It also includes quite an array of measurements of power draw and so on. The one I got didn't have a programmable API, but it did have a web interface so I just wrote an expect script to get the data I needed and invoke power cycling operations.
You can use Modlet using hacklet to monitor power. Only $50 bucks.
You might be able to pick up a metered rack pdu off ebay. Normally these are quite expensive but a second hand one may do the job. These often come with web interfaces and provide detailed power consumption per port.
You'll need to obtain one that will work with standard electrical outlets though as some of them are 3 phase.
Reviews on this product sound awful which wireless often is. Appears to be Kill-A-Watt brand.
JAYBRAKE P4200 P3 P4200 Kill-A-Watt(R) Wireless Monitor With Carbon Footprint Meter http://amzn.com/B009SDXB7Y
I expect this would be a good (and safer) option if wired up to a raspberry Pi or arduino or similar: