Background: I recently purchased a house in northern New Mexico, and as part of the purchase, a termite inspection was performed and a prior termite infestation was found, as well as evidence of prior treatment (holes in the ground around the foundation). No current infestation was found. After tearing off some drywall, I found termite tubes inside a wall with no termites in them. So I was satisfied that the colony had been killed.
Previous owners had a new layer of exterior stucco applied to the house, and very badly, because it's flaking off (I plan to redo it soon). Today I accidentally knocked loose a piece of stucco on the base of an exterior wall while doing some yard work and as soon as it hit the ground, a bunch of tiny insects swarmed out of it.
My question is this: are they termites? I didn't find any mud tubes underneath the piece of stucco that flaked off. If they're not termites, what might they be, and what might be the effects of having them living in the wall cladding?