On one side of my wall (in kitchen, not the refrigerator or stove plug) is a three prong grounded outlet. Would it work without overloading a circuit to put a new outlet on the other side of the wall (the living room)? Any special precautions I should take? The house is small and short on plugs, so I could use a few more. Is this OK or not OK?

  • 1
    For calculating loads, see How do you plan capacity for electrical circuits? diy.stackexchange.com/questions/10622
    – mike
    Jul 6, 2013 at 1:23
  • 1
    It's impossible for this question to be answered through the internet, without more information. It will completely depend on your location (for code requirements), and what else is currently on the circuit.
    – Tester101
    Jul 6, 2013 at 13:58
  • I am not sure based on the information you provided. In my old house I had a GFCI in my kitchen with two regular outlets chained off it. One was in the dining room. This was up to code, even if weird. If I were adding outlets myself I would not chain off the kitchen. Motors/GFCI aside, that is one room where there is a tendency to plug in high-amperage appliances that could trip a breaker. Best to run a new circuit.
    – user4302
    Jul 8, 2013 at 3:25

3 Answers 3


National Electrical Code says no.

National Electrical Code 2008

ARTICLE 210 Branch Circuits

210.52 Dwelling Unit Receptacle Outlets.
(B) Small Appliances.

(1) Receptacle Outlets Served. In the kitchen, pantry, breakfast room, dining room, or similar area of a dwelling unit, the two or more 20-ampere small-appliance branch circuits required by 210.11(C)(1) shall serve all wall and floor receptacle outlets covered by 210.52(A), all countertop outlets covered by 210.52(C), and receptacle outlets for refrigeration equipment.

(2) No Other Outlets. The two or more small-appliance branch circuits specified in 210.52(B)(1) shall have no other outlets.

(3) Kitchen Receptacle Requirements. Receptacles installed in a kitchen to serve countertop surfaces shall be supplied by not fewer than two small-appliance branch circuits, either or both of which shall also be permitted to supply receptacle outlets in the same kitchen and in other rooms specified in 210.52(B)(1). Additional small-appliance branch circuits shall be permitted to supply receptacle outlets in the kitchen and other rooms specified in 210.52(B)(1). No small-appliance branch circuit shall serve more than one kitchen.

210.52(B)(1) basically says, that all the receptacles in the kitchen should be supplied by 2 or more 20A circuits. 210.52(B)(2) says that there should be no other outlets on these 2 or more circuits, which means no lighting outlets and no outlets outside of the kitchen. 210.52(B)(3) says that the 2 or more circuits, can be used to supply receptacles in other 'related' rooms (pantry, breakfast room, dining room, or similar area).

Even though the kitchen and living room may share a wall; according to NEC 2008, they cannot share an electrical circuit.

  • If there were e.g. four 20A circuits serving kitchen outlets, would code require that none of them serve the living room, or merely that at there must be least two that serve only the kitchen?
    – supercat
    Jan 22, 2015 at 23:25
  • @supercat As I interpret it, they would all have to serve only the kitchen.
    – Tester101
    Jan 23, 2015 at 13:55
  • In other words, no circuit which serves a non-kitchen-related room may also serve a kitchen counter, although such circuits could perhaps serve areas of the kitchen which weren't near counters?
    – supercat
    Jan 23, 2015 at 16:53
  • @supercat My understanding of the code is that 1.) there must be at least two 20 ampere circuits that supply all the receptacles in a kitchen (on the counter or otherwise). and 2.) those 2 or more circuits cannot supply any other outlets (outlets meaning both receptacle, and lighting outlets) in any other room (aside from those rooms specifically mentioned).
    – Tester101
    Jan 23, 2015 at 17:41
  • I wasn't clear what outlets were covered by 210.52(A), and whether that would apply to outlets which were intended to power things like clocks, night lights, wall-mount televisions, cabinet lighting, etc. and were not placed particularly well for use with toasters, blenders, etc.
    – supercat
    Jan 23, 2015 at 18:12

Your question does not provide enough information for a definitive answer, but load calculations are not difficult.

First, you should only load a circuit to 80% of capacity, so a 15amp circuit should only have 12amps of load.

Amps = Watts/Volts. Add up the wattage of all the devices plugged into that circuit and divide by your household voltage. If you are in North America, this is 120V. Lets say you have ten 10 50watt lights:

Amps = (10 * 50) / 120 = 4.12Amps. In this case, you can safely add another outlet because there are about 8amps of capacity left. If this were above 10 I'd say you should consider adding a new circuit since you would be just on the cusp of overloading the circuit.

  • Point 1) adding another outlet does not affect the load! Moreover, having more outlets means they are located more conveniently, meaning fewer extension cords, which is safer! Point 2) any circuit can be overloaded, even a circuit with a single outlet. The central question is code compliance.
    – mike
    Jul 6, 2013 at 1:08
  • 1
    Usually people add outlets to plug more things in.
    – Steven
    Jul 6, 2013 at 13:10

This answer only applies if your jurisdiction accepts the NEC as the model code. Even if it does not apply, it gives you some idea where an authoritative code organization stands on this issue.

You may NOT extend a kitchen outlet circuit to serve a living room. Generally, you cannot extend such circuits in a kitchen at all, however there is an exception for certain related rooms such as dining or breakfast rooms or pantries where it is acceptable to extend kitchen circuits.

As for determining whether an added receptacle would overload the circuit, as mentioned, the total load cannot exceed 80% of the circuit ampacity. How to determine this load has been misrepresented as it relates to NEC requirements. First add all permanently connected loads on the circuit, fridges, lights, dishwashers, disposers, etc. Then for all convenience receptacles not having a permanent device connected, assume each receptacle strap in a residential occupancy would draw 180va for load calculation purposes. The code recognizes some outlets are not used and others used could draw much more than 180va, some simultaneous, others possibly not. 180 is simply a happy medium to limit the number of outlets on any given circuit. One is not required to anticipate the actual load of every device connected to any particular outlet if it can be easily unplugged and moved elsewhere.


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