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I keep splitting the thin wood of the jamb itself when trying to use a chisel because when the needed hole size is correctly cut, the remaining amount of material is like razor thin (<1/4”).

I have a router I’d love to do this with, using a plunge bit, but the depth needed for the box (~1 1/2”) is deeper than the longest 1/4” shank bit I can find. Plus, the part of the door frame that stops the door when closing it, adds an extra 1/4”+ to how for my cutting head needs to reach, extended from that base of the router.

I’ve looked at extension collets for 1/4” routers and the reviews make them sound really unsafe to use.

I have a 1/2” router but I think this setup is too unwieldy to hold it sideways like that (not to mention the size of the 1/2” router’s base being too large, hitting the top of the doorframe.

A buzz saw gives clean plunge cuts in straight lines, but doesn’t hog out material.

I’ve used Forstner bits and spade bits that still bounce around and cause breakage when trying to make holes without enough surrounding material for the indexing parts of the blades to make purchase on.

I really feel like a plunge router yields the cleanest results with the most control for this but I just can’t get it to plunge deep enough.

What do the experienced guys do?

Images: finished install front profile of cut side profile showing depth

(Edit, for added context) https://youtu.be/d5qQ3P-F0bY

This video shows a guy doing the deed sloppy and carelessly. Also, he is able to cut from the side profile, which makes sense for new work. But I’m trying to do this on existing framing without creating any damage on the outside trim. That’s why I’m trying to plunge from the front instead of the side.

The dimensions of the cut are the size of the electrical box (Height < 2-3/4", Width > 1-1/4", Depth = 1-1/2"). The “plunging” action needs like an additional 1/4” because of the door stopper material that the router base would ride against. So if someone is able to use a router for this task, the bit would need to extend almost 2” from the router base.

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  • How deep do you have to go for this switch? It seems that a switch in a door frame should be low voltage and not require much of a hole. Perhaps posting pics of what you are working on would help.
    – RMDman
    Commented Feb 12 at 14:44
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    So drill a hole each end then join the holes with the buzz saw...
    – Solar Mike
    Commented Feb 12 at 14:49
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    If you're splitting wood, even a thin 1/4" strip of wood, when you're hand chiseling, either your technique isn't good (maybe not holding the chisel square to the direction you're trying to cut), your chisels are dull, or both.
    – FreeMan
    Commented Feb 12 at 15:29
  • @RMDman, about 1 3/4”. No, it’s high voltage. Normal light switch functionality for a traditional closet ceiling light. I added a link at the bottom of my post for visual context.
    – Mr Wood
    Commented Feb 12 at 18:43
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    If it was me I'd forget about the door jamb switch and put a motion sensor in the closet.
    – Mark
    Commented Feb 12 at 20:12

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I've used a Dremel 654 straight router in a hand-held rotary tool for door jamb work such as the mortise for a hinge or a hole for a door strike. (photo: dremel.com)

Dremel 654

They intend, or at least anticipate, that the setup would be used as a miniature version of the router you're using now -- but I just go fully free-hand, gently feeding the tool against the wood. There is some technique involved as to the angle, feed speed, and travel direction that one just has to learn by experience.

Door jambs often are relatively thin - only 1/2 inch or so. An electrical box that's 1-1/2" deep is going to encroach quit a bit into the wood framing behind the door jamb. Once you achieve a cutout with nice edges in the jamb itself you can use less refined tools and methods for clearing out the wood framing. The Forstner or twist or spade drills will work fine in there, followed with a chisel to square up the corners and edges of the pocket.

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