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I am replacing an old chandelier with an LED light fixture and found that it was connected to old cloth wires. See link below to a photo I took. I can’t identify which one is the hot and which one is neutral even after using a voltage tester pen. I found that there were four wires all twisted together (on left) and one by itself (on right). The light fixture I got has a hot, neutral and ground. Any suggestions? TIA

(https://pasteboard.co/tsOpjApOVdAC.jpg)

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  • With the breaker off, check continuity between the wires and the box. One wire should be neutral heading back towards the breaker panel - that wire should show continuity (because of neutral/ground bond in the panel) with the box and most if not all of the others should not. A little odd to have 4 wires together though in a box that looks like it only has 2 cables coming in, but not really clear. Nov 26, 2023 at 5:49
  • Do you know where the old fixture was connected? The new one should work fine even if you mix up hot and neutral.
    – KMJ
    Nov 26, 2023 at 6:42
  • The single wire should be your switched hot from the switch. That goes to the black of the light. Place the proper size of a wire nut on the four. The white from the light should go to the wires under the wire nut.
    – crip659
    Nov 26, 2023 at 12:22

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Check for continuity or voltage between the wires and ground (the box). The wire with continuity and no voltage is neutral; the wire with no continuity and 120V is hot.

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