2

I'm trying to replace the doors for my existing closet, and had a structural doubt: while the header itself is strong (I've stood on it in the center of it), I'm trying to understand the best way to attach it to the three new columns that I'm adding, in order to support the weight of the doors. Since I have a false ceiling, this additional structure is required.

Here's what it looks like:

3D Model of the new construction

What would be the best way to attach header to the three new columns to safely hold 80kg? Ideally what I want is for it to be able to hold 120kg, as a safety margin.

Would 2 x 150mm M8 screws do the trick on each column?

0

1 Answer 1

3

8mm screws seem too small. Thread area is compounded with diameter, so even a small increase in size yields much greater hold. Also, you need to consider shear strength (flex and bending). Shear in wood is a whole different thing than shear in a rigid material like steel. Wood doesn't support the screw in the same way, so screws need more stiffness.

I would use 10mm or 12mm screws (~7/16" or 1/2"), and they should penetrate the support posts at least 50mm (2"). You can counterbore them into the post up to half the outer beam member's thickness, so a 100mm or 120mm screw (~4-5") should do. A 12mm screw works just fine in a single 2x4 post if you center it and pilot properly. It still has half an inch of wood to the edge.

Spread them vertically so they're about 1" from the top and bottom edges of the beam. Large screws require proper preparation, so pilot them appropriately--just smaller than the size of the screw shank for the threads, and the same as the shank above the threads. (Lag screws tend to have smaller shanks in the threaded area than above the threads, so account for that.)

While beams should generally rest on their posts, this is a case where I think an exception can be made. The load isn't extreme, and it's in a dry environment. Wood that doesn't get wet is more able to handle shear loads.

0

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.