I have three 12 gauge wires, each connected to a dedicated mini 20 amp breaker (2 20amp breakers per panel slot); each line connects to a single wall outlet. I need to repurpose one (or several of them) to a 30amp breaker to power a wall mounted wine fridge cooling unit.
The unit requires 30amp for start-up, but then settles to less than a 10amp pull for continuous run.
Is it possible/safe to simply put a 30amp circuit on one of the existing 12 gauge wires just to start the unit up? The big problem we have is all three 12 gauge lines run through the walls with no easy way to pull/replace one of them, or run a new line, with a 10 gauge line. So, we want to replace one of the dual 20amp breakers with a single 30amp breaker and use one of the 12 gauge lines already there.
Considering the startup load requires a 30amp pull, and not a continuous pull 30amp pull, could we safely get away with doing this? The AC unit might start up 3 to 4 times a year due to power outages...but outside that, we won't be turning it on and off as it is a wine cooling unit that must run 24/7.
If this is not an option, what are the real drawbacks of knowing all of the above? And last, if the above is not an option and knowing the above are there any other configurations that could be used without having to pull a new 10 gauge wire?