I have a concrete pad that is 12’x22’ that is standard 4” thick that we use for an outside dining area. We would like to add a sunshade to cover 90% of the concrete. The height of the sunshade will be between 12’ and 9’ with diagonally opposite corners being one height and the other corners being lower to address rain runoff. I have purchased 6”x6” pressure treated posts already (recommended because I was told that 4”x4” posts would bend). There will be virtually no vertical stress on these posts, only horizontal stress since we are not building a structure.

My question is how to install the posts? From what I can tell I have three options:

  1. Dig a hole and place the posts in concrete( how deep, how wide of a hole)

  2. Drill holes in concrete pad and mount a bracket that would hold post. What type of bracket? Since I want to cover most of the pad I would need to place the posts as close to the edge of the pad as possible and I’m concerned about cracking or breaking the concrete from the stress of the wind.

  3. Dig hole and pour concrete pier outside of the area of the pad to mount bracket to. What should the dimensions be for the pier and what type of bracket should I use?


1 Answer 1


No bracket will hold a post upright. That's a common misunderstanding. You'd need robustly engineered heavy-gauge steel bracing.

Either your posts need to be well anchored below frost line (and at least 1/3 post height), or your structure needs to be independently rigid, such as with "knee bracing" (diagonals at corners). See many discussions here and elsewhere on pergolas, decks, and fences. Principles overlap quite a bit.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.