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This house has 2 5/8" x 8" (true dimensions) floor joists on 16" centers spanning roughly 23' on the first floor. The house is 2 stories with a 50 PSF load. There is a wall in the middle of the joists that runs perpendicular about 10'. The wall is running from the exterior wall to the interior of the house.

When I took down the drywall I noticed the joists aren't sitting with full contact on the wall, there's about a 1/2 in gap between the top plate of the wall and the floor joist.

I was wondering if this wall was a load-bearing wall even if the floor joists were not fully in contact with the wall?

The house was built in the 1920s, the framing is rough cut lumber, I'm not exactly sure what species of wood it is (my guess is long-leaf pine). But all the framing is much thicker than standard framing lumber. Wall studs are also 2" x 4" true.

I also noticed that the doorways were framed without jack studs supporting the header, and the header is a 2" x 4" nailed into the studs. Is that something to address as well?

Edit: I added a rough sketch of the floor plan to the house. Also, if I were to add a support beam in place of the wall. What would be a sufficient sized beam?

Rough Sketch

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  • Are some joists not sitting on this wall or are none of the joists sitting on the partition wall? Also, you say the partition wall is 10' long how much further is it across the house in that dimension? i.e. is it 10 out of 20 feet, or 10 out of 15 feet, or...? If you could provide a sketch of the floor plan, that would help, it doesn't need to be to scale, just a rough drawing with dimensions written on would be fine.
    – FreeMan
    Mar 7 at 13:12
  • Is the 23 foot span full length or is there a beam or other support? 23 feet seems like a long way for 8" joists, not to at least sag a bit.
    – crip659
    Mar 7 at 14:01
  • Two joists starting from the chimney are not completely seated.
    – Lenny
    Mar 8 at 1:36

1 Answer 1

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Yes, the wall at 10’ is a required bearing wall.

If your load calculations are correct, and it’s 50 psf, then the 2 x 8’s at 16” oc would fail without the wall at 10’.

Often joists are installed with the “crown” up. If the crown is significant AND the joists are not fully loaded, then they may not sit on the wall or will sit on the wall occasionally when fully loaded (I.e.: at your birthday party).

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  • Based on the drawing (added after this answer was written), I'd agree with you. Using a pair of Mk I finger calipers, it appears that the spans on the right side of the walls are the same, indicating that the mid-span walls are load bearing.
    – FreeMan
    Mar 8 at 13:40

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