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Edited: From most sources on the internet I see that washing machines require valves require atleast 20psi to open. Why do washing machines require more anymore pressure than would be required to wash your hands? I checked my LG front loading washing machine. The water is sent to the detergent holder bucket from the inlet valve. The bucket should remove any pressure, so the machine surely doesn't use the pressure for washing. The only answer I found was to prevent the valve solenoids from damage from prolonged use. But I don't find that answer satisfiable since the valves themselves seem to be reducing the flow rate by have small inlets.

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  • 20psi is not really high pressure, quite low for most homes. It is probably to do with timing cycles. Will take trice as long to fill at 20psi than at a more normal 40+ psi.
    – crip659
    Dec 9, 2021 at 17:03
  • washing machines require atleast 20psi to operate ... no, not really ... they require a certain amount of water to operate ... perhaps the valves use water pressure to open
    – jsotola
    Dec 9, 2021 at 17:04
  • Without pressure, how does the water get through the piping that is against gravity?
    – r13
    Dec 9, 2021 at 17:15
  • Edited question in view of comments. @r13 why 20bar why not just 5bar is what I am asking when all that is required is to fill the washing tub.
    – precursor
    Dec 9, 2021 at 17:26
  • 1
    Why 20bar not 5bar? Well swapping psi for bar does not work - 20 bar is around 280psi…
    – Solar Mike
    Dec 9, 2021 at 18:28

1 Answer 1

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Solenoid valves require water pressure to seal off when closed.

These are normally closed valves, which means there is no electrical energy to close the valve, only to open it. The closing energy comes from a coiled spring, which recoils when the solenoid is de-energized, thus shutting the valve. ("De-energizing" in this context just means cutting the power to the solenoid; no other special action is needed to "remove" the energy.)

However, the spring and the shut-off membrane are not stiff enough to push back against water pressure, and so the seal is aided by water pressure. In absence of sufficient water pressure, the seal will have a gap, allowing water at low pressure to pass through.

This same principle is used in bathtub stoppers, where the weight of the water (the water pressure at the stopper) helps keep the stopper pressed firmly into its orifice to form a tight seal. For instance, an inch of water in the tub may not suffice to maintain a seal and water will eventually seep out, but adding more water to the tub increases the pressure at the stopper and helps close the seal tightly.

A normally closed valve is used so that it fails closed in the absence of electrical power.

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A normally open valve could be sufficiently energized by means of the solenoid to push back against a wider range of water pressure, however they would fail open if there is no electrical power.

Motorized water valves work differently, in that they turn a ball valve or a threaded valve just like one would turn a tap. The motor itself does not push against the water pressure, neither does any sort of spring action. These valves halt their opening or closing action in absence of power and there is generally no guarantee to fail open or closed, and feedback sensors and/or secondary shutoffs are implemented where operational risks require.

https://appliantology.org/blogs/entry/1101-can-low-water-pressure-cause-solenoid-valves-to-leak/

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  • This is a very interesting answer. Can I add a new question on top of my question? What happens if the water is cutoff without it being de-energized. Does it remain open?
    – precursor
    Dec 9, 2021 at 18:01
  • Would the spring be able to close the valve incase of low pressure? If so seems like it should not fail in case of low pressure.
    – precursor
    Dec 9, 2021 at 18:19
  • Do washing machines use pilot operated valves since they require a minimum pressure but as I learned by looking into this further direct acting solenoids don't require minimum pressure?
    – precursor
    Dec 10, 2021 at 13:38
  • yes, and there are piloted valves that can seal without pressure too.
    – P2000
    Dec 10, 2021 at 14:53

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