I have a boiler + indirect water heater system. Above the boiler on the hot water outlet side there are a water expansion tank and an auto air vent and on the return side there is another auto air vent. Both vents are now continuously dripping (please see red circled areas in the pictures). What's the right course of diagnostics I should do?
Most of the resources I found have expansion tanks and pressure relief valves installed on top of the water heater. There is a lever-type pressure relief valve on the boiler that is unfortunately stuck. It's also weird that both auto air vents failed at the same time. Based on the knocking sound, the expansion tank appears to have air on the bottom half.
[UPDATE] The boiler shows a feed pressure of 0 (with feed line open).. and the temperature was set at 195 F. I checked the expansion tank and there was no water gushing out. The tank pressure is 10.5 psi. Could it be that the pressure relief valve on the boiler is stuck closed which caused the air vents to leak? I was able to finally unstuck the relief valve, water starts to come out of the valve and the vents stopped leaking. However, if I keep the feed line open, the relief valve would keep draining. What situation am I dealing with?
[Update] Replaced the pressure relief valve and the two automatic air vents. Purged the system. The new pressure relief valve opens and closes correctly when the feed line pressure reducing valve is forced open (street pressure). The heating system seems to be working fine, but what concerns me is that the boiler pressure gauge shows a cold pressure of 30 psi and hot pressure of 46 psi after continuous heating. The boiler pressure gauge has a red mark at 40 psi, which appears to be the safety limit. However, the pressure relief valve did not trigger. Bad gauge?
[UPDATE] It is bad gauge. I bought a faucet type gauge and measured slightly less than 20 psi hot. Accordingly to a tech I talked with on the phone, the original problem was likely due to low boiler pressure (The automatic water feed valve likely was stuck) which caused the water to boil and broke both air vents.