Yes, there are several ways to frame your wall and it starts with your roof and goes down to the footing. We design from the top down and build from the bottom up.
The building inspector is there to help insure you house does not collapse killing family, guests or visitors.
Framing your wall is the process of transferring all the loads through the wall and onto the footing, including wind and earthquake loads. Do you live in a high wind area or seismic active area?
The Building Code has established minimum installation instructions and these are generally adequate unless you are in a high wind area or seismic active area.
Bigger loads from your roof onto your walls will require larger and stronger walls. Likewise, larger door and window headers plus larger garage door header and support posts. Also there are minimum standards for connecting the walls to the foundation. (Remember, you’re building from the bottom up so all bolts, anchors, etc. will already be installed when you start the wall framing.)
Now to answer your question: no, there is not one true way to frame a house, but you need an architect or structural engineer to design your idea if you don’t follow the standard path of construction as outlined in the Building Code.
We designed a house for a guy who owned a sawmill and wanted all the walls to have the studs laying flat on top of each other. He had plenty of gorgeous lumber, but we did it with a structural engineer.
If you haven’t built before, I’d hire a local general contractor and build a 10’ x 12’ shed (a Building Permit is not required for such a small structure but check with Building Codes first), then decide about your house.