Question: When installing a 50 amp receptacle on a 30 amp circuit, where it's the only receptacle on that circuit, is there any requirement to add a "max amperage" sticker or label, or anything else that needs to be done to identify at the plug that the circuit is not rated for 50 amps?
Per NEC 2017: 210.21(B)(1) - "a single receptacle installed on an individual branch circuit shall have an ampere rating not less than that of the branch circuit."
50>30 so a 50 amp receptacle on a 30 amp circuit complies, and the requirements for receptacle ratings relative to circuit ratings (I.e. 210.21(B)(2) and (3) and 210.23) only apply when two or more receptacles are on the branch, so I don't see anything in the (national) code that would disallow this type of installation (local codes notwithstanding).
I would probably just label the outlet regardless, since my concern is really for when I sell the home, I could see the future home owner trying to use the 50 amp receptacle for a higher power appliance and would then experience nuisance tripping. But I was curious if there was any requirement for this per the NEC.
I didn't see anything in the receptacles section, but thought there might be something in another section that someone more familiar with the code might know.
Background: I just bought an electric car and I'm looking to install a level 2 EVSE. The unit I want is only available as a plug-in option (no direct wire option) and comes with either a NEMA 14-50 or a NEMA 6-50 plug. The unit has internal dip switches for setting the max current draw so you can install it on circuits that are less than 50 amps.
I have a few existing 10-30 receptacles in the workshop next to the garage that aren't used so I was going to convert one of these to the newer plug style (have done research on how to do this and feel pretty comfortable about adding a proper ground to do this).