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I have some 220v outlets that are pushing 246v. I need them back in the 220-240 range in order for a manufacturer to do some warranty work on the printers running on those outlets. I've been looking into automatic voltage regulators and just end up confused as I don't know much about power.

Each printer requires two 220's and up to 4kW while running. My main concern is whether I'd need a regulator for each outlet/plug from the printer or if I can buy a single regulator per printer and have both plugs on it. And that this is even the right course of action to deal with higher than expected voltage from an outlet.

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    Sounds like you'd need a regulator for each circuit. Also sounds like a poor design - 4kW on 220 ~ 18 Amp. That won't work so they split it into 2 x 20A (or 2 x 15A). But far better would be to set it up with a single 30A circuit (like for a dryer or water heater or similar). But you have to work with how it is designed. Manufacturer and model #? Jun 30 at 20:47
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    First what brand and model printer are you discussing? 220v has not been a standard for over 40 years in the US 208 or 240 has been the standard in the US +- 10% is the nominal voltage. So your location is also needed. Possibly another country than the US? You don’t need a voltage regulator but a step down transformer.
    – Ed Beal
    Jun 30 at 21:15
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    Agreed with Ed Beal, 247 is barely 3% above nominal, anything that can't handle that short of fluctuation is not going to survive going to market. Jun 30 at 21:34
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    What country are you in? Jun 30 at 23:13
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    If in the US see ANSI C84.1 American National Standard for Electric Power Systems and Equipment—Voltage Ratings (60 Hertz) powerqualityworld.com/2011/04/… Jul 1 at 5:57
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What the heck happened to US electrical power?

When this all started out, Thomas Edison selected a nice round 100V DC for household power. Power was delivered as +100V and -100V (to reduce voltage drop). Lights went between one of the 100V's and neutral (0V). Motors went between +100 and -100 for 200V.

However, as the system loaded up, it became apparent Edison needed to deliver more power. So Edison told all the light bulb manufacturers "Make your bulbs for 105V". After a year, Edison bumped the DC voltage to 105/210V.

Then Edison told light bulb manufacturers "Make your bulbs for 110V". After a year, Edison bumped the DC voltage to 110/220V.

And then, Edison/GE lost the War of the Currents to Tesla/Westinghouse.

Westinghouse said "What do we do with all this +110/0/-110V DC infrastructure now in place?" Tesla said "Leave it. We will choose an AC voltage that will make the bulbs the same brightness and do the same work". Which they did; 110xsqrt(2) peak, or 110V "RMS".

Now that that distribution transformers were easy, it now became feasible to sell electricity to the hoi polloi, and industrialists like Samuel Insull (the Jeff Bezos of the age) set to the task. The sales messages were everywhere -- get yourself electricity! Your 110V/220V is waiting for you!"

It was the biggest technology rollout in the history of history. So the sales and marketing campaign was HUGE. It made "110V / 220V" a household name.

Of course, the AC power companies realized the same thing as Edison, and called up the light bulb manufacturers and said "Please start making your bulbs for 115V." And the manufacturers said "we know the drill".

And then some time after, "120V" rinse wash repeat.

And then World War II happened.

And the light bulb manufacturers said "Yeah, yeah, 125V". And the power companies said "We didn't say anything, we're fine at 120V. Actually... yeah, do that."

And there we sit today.

But of course, thanks to that 100 year old marketing blitz, "110V/220V" has taken on the character of "Xerox". It's just a household name, and has no reflection on reality.

US/Canada AC power is actually targeted for 120V/240V, with a wide tolerance. 246V is well within that tolerance.

If your printer manufacturer can't tolerate 246V then they cannot sell in North America.

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  • Neither can they sell in Europe, which is 10% around 230 V nominal.
    – TooTea
    Jul 1 at 17:34
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One way to deal with this situation is to use a transformer. Transformers can step AC voltage up or down (among other uses). Note that a transformer does not regulate the voltage; it merely multiplies the voltage by some factor. A "multi-tap transformer" allows an electrician to pick among a set of step-up/step-down ratios according to the need.

You haven't asked for specific product recommendations (that's good) and I'm not making a recommendation, but by way of example, here's one multi-tap transformer I found in a brief search (LC Magnetics multi-tap transformer). It should work to connect your 246 volt supply to the 240 V primary terminal and your printer to the 220 or 230 volt secondary terminal.

transformer photo

transformer diagram

As to the quantity of transformers: You could use one transformer for each circuit, ie two transformers per printer, or you could use a single larger transformer higher up in your electrical system and feed both printer circuits from the one transformer. A transformer vendor and an electrician on site could help weigh pros and cons, costs and benefits, to guide the decision. The one large transformer may or may not be less expensive than many smaller transformers.

It may also be worthwhile to have a conversation with your utility supplier. If you're a commercial consumer and are the only customer attached to the transformer that feeds your building, it might be possible for the utility to connect you to a different tap or to use a different transformer on their side so that your entire service voltage would be a little lower.

Or... you might just rent a towable generator for a week or two to temporarily power the printers in a way that satisfies the manufacturer's warranty work requirements..

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  • Greg I do agree but that particular method is a more expensive method than just purchasing a 240-208 step up/down transformer. I have a hard time believing they are complaining about 246 if here in the US.
    – Ed Beal
    Jun 30 at 21:54
  • @EdBeal Agreed, a 208 step-down would be easier to find and maybe cheaper. But if a manufacturer is so backward as to reject 246 V on the grounds that it is "out of spec" then one might assume they'll reject 208 V for the same reason. :-(
    – Greg Hill
    Jun 30 at 23:15
  • Greg that would be 214 because the voltage is high to start with. But we don’t know the brand and model 208 is more of a commercial voltage but some crappy vendors will try anything.
    – Ed Beal
    Jun 30 at 23:22

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