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The 2-storey ten year old house that I bought last year has a non-venting range hood over the gas stove. I want to replace this with a venting range hood. In in the cabinet directly above where the range hood is mounted there seems to be a properly installed vent that goes straight up (and yes, the range hood end of the 90 degree elbow is taped off!)

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My problem is proving that there is a genuine egress of this vent on the roof. There are two vents on the roof and one is definitely the vent from the natural gas heated water and house heating. I assume that the other vent is for the kitchen range hood, but I am struggling to prove this and don't want to start venting cooking fumes into a closed off duct.

In this pic of the roof, the heating duct is the one on the right and what I am assuming is the kitchen duct is on the left. Note that from measurements, the kitchen vent needs to take a 5 foot dogleg in order to get to that close to the heating vent.

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So far I have tried:

  1. Feeling for a breeze through the kitchen duct with an external door both open and closed. Did not feel any breeze.
  2. Sticking camera up the kitchen duct s far as I could, but couldn't see any light coming down.
  3. Set my phone to play loud music in the kitchen duct and listen for sounds on the roof, and couldn't hear anything.

Things I am considering are:

  1. Setting a fan at the entrance to the kitchen duct and blowing some smoke like substance into the duct and hoping to see it form the roof - but I don't know what sort of smoke would be suitable.
  2. Paying someone to "clean" the kitchen duct and tell me where it actually goes!

So what are my best options to prove the egress of the kitchen vent duct on the roof?


I now know where the vent leaves the house!

I finally proved the vent using the method suggested by @jasen. However I am still shaking my head about where the vent exits the house.

I rigged up my electric leaf blower and sealed off the ducting with a cardboard baffle:

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I was up on the roof when my assistant started the blower, and nothing was coming out of any vents on the roof. But I heard the sound of the blower coming from somewhere! And eventually I located the egress on the side wall furthest away from the kitchen, and not on the roof!

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It seems that the duct work for the range hood goes up until it meets the ceiling and turns 90 degrees horizontal and then travels between the ceiling and floor above, over the top of the garage until it hits the exterior wall:

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The only explanation I can have for this layout is that it places the egress on the leeward side of the house as far away as possible from the prevailing winds. I assume that if the vent had been on the roof then a difference in wind speed between the roof and the ground could have forced fumes back into the house. But if that was the case, why isn't an issue for the other vents?

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Now my only problem is that I have no idea what the other vent on my roof actually is for!

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  • The "music" thing often works, though a cell phone may not be enough speaker to work. That not working does make the odds that it's just not going out higher, though. – Ecnerwal Sep 27 '20 at 22:40
  • @Ecnerwal I placed the phone inside the duct and shut the cabinet doors. In doing so I hoped that the sound would be piped to the other end of the duct. Even with the dogleg the total duct length can't be more than 25 feet – Peter M Sep 28 '20 at 3:37
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Get an assistant watch the vent and blow air in to the duct with a leaf-blower.

If it's connected the breeze should be obvious.

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    It's hard to argue with your logic here, but it would be helpful if you would use complete sentences and put a little meat on your answers. – FreeMan Sep 28 '20 at 10:53
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    See my edits for where the vent actually leaves the house! – Peter M Oct 18 '20 at 18:45
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You can rent a "fog machine" or "smoke (not really smoke) generator" at a rental place that caters to "party supplies" - you can also rent a portable ventilation fan with a flexible duct. Set the fan to blow in the suspect duct and run the fog machine at its intake.

If you have smoke alarms, be aware that the smoke/fog may set them off.

Beware of using actual smoke, more than one fire has started from "intentionally trying to make smoke" getting out of control.

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  • I upvoted this, but they may have a backdraft damper that doesn’t allow intake from the exterior. Most of those are not very secure, so it may “leak” enough to allow smoke to enter from the exterior. – Lee Sam Sep 27 '20 at 22:50
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    I was proposing to connect the flexible duct from the blower to the duct in the kitchen and blow it the right direction. – Ecnerwal Sep 27 '20 at 22:57
  • amazon.com/REGIN-Smoke-Emitter-Minutes-PK5/dp/B07HLXM8SW. Cheap effective – Kris Sep 28 '20 at 2:08
  • @Kris I'm not sure I'd call $50 cheap ;-) But it is an option. – Peter M Sep 28 '20 at 3:35
  • @PeterM Yes that particular example is 5 in a pack. Be can also buy singles n various brands for less – Kris Sep 28 '20 at 13:44

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