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Due to covid-19 all indoor pools in my area are closed for the foreseeable future. Kids being swimmers, I purchased an Intex 15' round above ground pool and installed in it in the garage. It worked well over the summer, but I would like to turn this into a year around solution, at least through this winter. Since I hope this is only for one season, I am not looking into a full blown pool heating system and am trying to keep this on a budget.

I am considering using a tankless, on-demand water heaters running on LP to heat the pool and am looking for pointers why this won't work or is a bad idea. Taking one manufacturer, it seems that specialized pool heaters are double the price of a water heater. I am trying to keep my initial outlay to ~ $1,000, but also wonder how much it will cost to heat. Water Heater: https://www.rheem.com/group/rheem-tankless-mid-efficiency-tankless-mid-efficiency-64-direct-vent-indoor VS Pool heater: https://www.rheem.com/group/rheem-residential-pool-spa-heaters-above-ground-pool-spa-heaters-106

Some info: Pool Size: 5,000 gallons. Garage is cinderblock construction with roof, but no insulation anywhere. We are in the Washington, DC area so avg winters are hovering in low 30s overnight. Pool currently has a 320 GPH pump.

Also, how to ballpark estimate the cost of heating:

Assuming an initially cold pool at 50 degrees, at 6GPM and 35 degree rise, I can circulate all water in the pool in 11 hours, and get the pool to 85 degrees. (78 is enough for swim practice). Now all the heat loss starts and I need to keep water circulating, to keep it as 78 degrees. How much LP would I be burning through on a daily basis?

Updates based on questions asked:

  1. Pool is a single layer vinyl and comes with a cover.
  2. With valid points raised about 1) heat loss and 2) condensation, sounds like insulating the garage is a must.
  3. Currently considering R10 rigid foam for all walls, both Owens Corning FOAMULAR and Thermasheath Rmax seem water resistant, so this feels OK.
  4. Not sure what is best for the roof. Should can cut the same boards and add in between rafters. Or will batt insulation work if protected from condensation, perhaps with a layer of Reflectix bubble insulation on top of batt, facing the inside.

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    Insulating the garage (at least somewhat) will pay back FAST in this situation. It will also reduce the very significant condensation (think "raining inside the building" levels of condensation) you'll get with a 78F pool in an uninsulated garage with 30-45F exterior temperatures. – Ecnerwal Sep 20 '20 at 14:41
  • Is the pool the inflatable model (which could act as insulation to a point) or the single layer vinyl wall? How large is the garage and will the door be opened several times a day to remove another vehicle? – mikes Sep 20 '20 at 14:59
  • The heat loss starts as soon as you start heating the water above ambient, so it will take longer than you think to heat it up. – Ecnerwal Sep 20 '20 at 15:30
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    A common reason that pool heaters may cost more is that they are more corrosion-resistant - pool water may destroy your tankless heater's heat exchanger in short order. – Ecnerwal Sep 20 '20 at 16:01
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    BTU is the unit made to solve that problem. 1 (literal) BTU = heating 1 pound of water 1 degree F. When you are reading heater data, they usually mean "BTUs per hour" and just leave off the "per hour" for some reason. So 41,727 lbs of water x 35F rise = 1.46 million (actual) BTU. 200,000 BTU/hr heater gets er done in 7.3 hours, ignoring all heat loss. – Harper - Reinstate Monica Sep 20 '20 at 16:54
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Per the NWS, the [base 65 heating degree days][1] for Washingtion (or BWI, anyway) are 205 for October, 465 for November, 786 for December, 899 for January, 728 for February, 568 for March and 270 for April.

What is a "base 65 heating degree day?" a day with an average temperature of 50 degrees adds 15 to the HDD count. A day with an average temperature of 30 degrees adds 35 to the count, and a day with an average temperature of 65 (or above) adds 0 to the count.

I'll assume a basic 20x20 two car garage since you haven't specified and it fits a 15 foot pool. Your basic 8" thick cinderblock is R1.11 and a typical uninsulated roof is about R1. ignoring roof slope, 400 square feet of R1 and 640 square feet of R1.11 (that is optimistic if the garage doors are uninsulated metal, as is typical for uninsulated garages, but let's ballpark it for now.) That calculates out to 976, or to be simple since it is a ballpark, 1000 BTUs per hour per degree F, so 24,000 per 24 hour degree-day.

So, October, 205 degree days, 4,920,000 BTUs - for 65 F. For 78 F rather than 65 F, add 31*(78-65)=403 and you now need 14,592,000 BTUs for October. There's 91,502 BTUs per gallon of LPG, reduced by your heater being less than 100% efficient. If it were 100% efficient you'd need 159.5 gallons, just for October; you'll actually need 10-20% more for typical gas heater efficiencies.

In January, you'll need 31,248,000 BTUs or 341 gallons of propane in the mythical 100% efficient heater, or 414 with your chosen heater at (apparently without spending too long delving the documentation) 82% efficency.

Right - your question was "gallons per day" so it looks like an average of 13.35 in January and 6.27 in October. You can work out the other months if you like, or compute the whole heating season. [1]: https://w2.weather.gov/climate/xmacis.php?wfo=lwx

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  • You're talking about heating the garage and skin losses of the garage. However air in the garage has very little thermal inertia and will heat easily/quickly, so why keep the garage warm when you're not using it? Now it falls to the water-air interface between pool and garage air. That's a smaller skin area to be sure. – Harper - Reinstate Monica Sep 20 '20 at 16:59
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    Unless the pool itself is insulated and covered from the garage, the air in the garage will reflect pool water temperature quite closely. – Ecnerwal Sep 20 '20 at 17:13
  • @Ecnerwal Thanks for sample calculations and raising the issue of condensation. Clearly, insulation will be needed, as "raining inside the building" will defeat all the fun. If I were to insulate walls with R10 rigid insulation and roof R30 (batt + reflectix bubble), how would this change your example calculation for October? With insulation, I will have ~800 square feet of walls at R11 and 400 square feet (4 sided hip roof) of R30 root. Also, which type of roof insulation would be relatively moisture resistant for the roof - stapling Feblextix is my idea for keeping moisture away from batt. – ssm Sep 20 '20 at 22:37
  • Roof is 400 S.F. * (1/30) or 13.3 BTU/hr/degF and walls are 800*(1/11) or 72.73 - so 86 BTU Per hour per degree F and 2065 per degree-day. 1,255,520 BTU, Just under 17 gallons with the heater efficiency factored in, or just over half a gallon per day. Start to see how to calculate it yourself? – Ecnerwal Sep 20 '20 at 22:53
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    Recall that you won't be heating at all while the pool cools from 80 to 72. Likewise, if you take steps to insulate the pool itself (such as an insulated cover) you can make a major impact on the overall consumption - but yes, that 40,000 lbs of water is a big thermal flywheel, and when you want to heat it up, it's going to be hungry (and will slightly increase the losses from the whole garage as it warms that up more, making the difference between inside and outside greater.) You don't want to be doing this with a 100 lb tank, IMHO. – Ecnerwal Sep 26 '20 at 23:35

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