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Purchased a new house that is pre-wired for electric car charging with 4 wires: red, black, white, and 1 uninsulated wire (see picture). I'm trying to install a NEMA 14-50 outlet (for a Tesla) and its pretty straight forward, but hesitant to install the uninsulated ground to the outlet. Is ok to use the uninsulated ground? If not, what would be the alternative?enter image description here

  • Why is there a black smokey stain in this box? Has something gone badly in the past ? Is a strange thing to see inside a new prewired box that presumably hasn't been used before. What detail has not been discovered ? – Criggie Sep 20 at 13:36
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    @Criggie -- I think that's a shadow not a smokestain – ThreePhaseEel Sep 20 at 17:12
  • Make sure you orient the receptacle per the Tesla diagram, to minimize cable strain. When I did this I also strapped the head of the Tesla cable to the wall to take the weight off the connector – Carl Witthoft Sep 21 at 12:54
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Grounding

Actually, the ground wire needs to go to the metal box first.

The 14-50 receptacle will pick up its ground via hard-flush bare-metal face contact between the yoke of the receptacle and the metal box.

Just make sure the surfaces are clean of paint or rust, and any of those little square "screw keepers" are removed.

You can hardwire a ground from the 14-30 recep to a pigtail coming up from the metal box if you really want to, but it's unnecessary.

Aluminum (don't panic)

Oh, one other thing. That ground wire may be tinned copper wire, but it might also be aluminum. There's nothing wrong with aluminum at these large sizes, but you do need to use special splice techniques that are safe for it. Look closely at the writing on the other wires. If they say "Copper" or "Cu" that settles it. If it says "Aluminum" or "AL" that also settles it. If you can't find any such markings, look end-on to the wires - you'll see copper in the middle of the strands if it's tinned copper. If not, it's aluminum.

If it is aluminum, look at your NEMA 14-50 recep labeling and instructions. Is it UL-Listed for aluminum? Then the wires can attach directly. If not, search for another 14-50 recep, or alternately, pigtail to some #8 copper. The best splice I know of for #6Al to #8Cu is the "MAC Block Connector". They're tough to search for thanks to Apple, but they're similar to large Alumiconns or small Polaris. Get your torques right and make use of the goop provided in the holes.

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    They'll want to pigtail a ground to the metal box, but yes, that ground wire is likely aluminum – ThreePhaseEel Sep 20 at 3:17
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Bare ground wire is fine almost everywhere.

Pools and spas are an exception if I recall correctly.

This is not a pool or spa. It's fine.

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