This product is marketed primarily for lighting application, and so, its rating focuses on lighting applications.
- Tungsten refers to incandescent, halogen and other lights in that family.
- Inductive refers to HID (sodium, mercury, metal halide) and old-school magnetic ballasts for fluorescent.
- Electronic/LED refers to modern electronic ballasts for fluorescent/LED.
- The "LED Load" figure is just to restate the rating in commonly used terms.
The reason is because these different loads have different electrical characteristics, and that affects the contactor make/break.
A plain resistive load follows Ohm's Law steadily during both make and break events -- a 12 ohm resistor will draw 10 amps on switch make, and 10 amps on switch break. The "general" rating applies here.
Tungsten (incandescent, halogen etc.) have a much lower resistance quiescent than they do upon reaching operating temperature. When you drive them constant-voltage, that results in "inrush current" which quickly brings them up to temp. It is quite a current spike, and that means relay contacts have to contend with it on "make". As such, relays are derated for tungsten loads. Breaking an incandescent is just like a resistor.
Electronic ballasts for both fluorescent and LED are wildly variant. Many have have power supply capacitors or chokes on the DC side which on initial turn-on will drink up current very aggressively. This works out to be an inrush current similar or even worse than incandescents. But again little trouble on break.
"Inductive" means Old Fluorescent, and HID (Low pressure sodium, high pressure sodium, mercury vapor and metal halide) These contain bulbs which, upon striking the arc, act like a dead short. These days you drive that with a switching power supply in CC mode, but back in the day, you used a transformer wound in constant-current mode.
This transformer is a large inductor, which stores energy like a capacitor. Just as capacitors use their energy to combat changes in voltage, inductors use their energy to combat changes in current. An inductor does that by increasing the voltage - to infinity, or to the point where insulation breakdown occurs, whichever occurs first.
This means that HID loads (or as they call them "inductive") are pretty docile on make -- but on break, they do not want current flow to stop, and will attempt to drive voltage to infinity to preserve current flow. This high voltage will force current to leap across the relay contacts. This is often called an inductive "kick" - and obviously it causes relays to be derated.
Motors are inherently inductive machines, with the same problems with inductive kick. Since motors are all inductor, it can be worse. However it looks like the 1HP motor rating is merely the inductive rating restated in horsepower (equaling 1.287 horsepower) and rounded down to the next common motor size.
Motors get you another way too: they also have very low resistance on initial startup; they need to be spinning to provide enough "back EMF" to limit current to reasonable values. This is called the "Locked Rotor Amperage" and again, relays must contend with this on make.