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So I asked a similar question several weeks ago & tried a couple of the ideas put forth, but I could not get all the lights to work properly. Here's the full story including some additional detail which may or may not matter.

I installed a new light fixture with the intention of not only connecting it to existing lights, but also combining 3 lights spread over 2 light switches into 1 single light switch.

When I removed the 2 light switches, I noticed they were not wired up with 2 separate lines, instead with a single 4-wire line. So I removed the red wire from both ends & connected the remaining wires, & the lights now light up all at once when turning on the switch.

So then I 1st tried simply connecting the new light to the same light switch as the old lights - in other words 2 black wires on 1 screw, & 2 white wires on the other screw. But the result was that only the old lights worked when turning the switch on, & when turning the switch off the old lights turned off but the new light turned on.

I then asked a question here:

Added new light to circuit but it turns on when switch is off

1 of the answers suggested following this diagram:

Light Diagram 1

When I did that, the switch turned on only the new light - the other lights remained off.

When I removed the new light & reconnected the old lights, the old lights worked fine again.

I tried a few similar variations but no luck - exact same result. Tried different light switches too, but same results.

I also tried with a double pole switch - but the new light doesn't work at all - only the old lights worked.

Why does this happen? What can I do to get it to work? A couple of pictures showing what I had tried. The wire going to the top right is connected to the new light. The thick black wire leads to the old lights.

Single Pole Switch

Double Pole Switch

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  • One or the other sounds like you split your travelers and one light is on 1 traveler and the other light is on the other.
    – Ed Beal
    Aug 11 '20 at 22:46
  • Can you post a photo of the inside of the existing light fixture box please? Aug 11 '20 at 23:07
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There's a serious defect in this installation.

All the places where cables come through a knockout hole, you can't do it like that. You need to fit a cable clamp.

enter image description here

For the cables entering on the right, there's a special bracket that comes with this style of box that provides a dual cable clamp. I gather you removed that for this initial hookup; make sure it gets back on.

Where's power coming from???

My initial impression, based on your symptom, is that you tried to use that diagram of yours, except you attached it to a switch loop instead of to a power source. A switch loop may seem like a power source when the switch is off; if you decided it was a power source because of testing, test again with the switch on.

The only saving grace I see is it appears the older black cable is a /3 cable. It might be black for always-hot, white for neutral, and red for switched-hot; that is a modern type of switch loop that you would be able to use effectively. However you seem very unclear on the function of the various wires. We'll need to do more work to identify them.

Honestly, I am getting the impression that this setup is a former 3-way switch group. This might be saveable; but there's another question: which switch did you just eliminate? Some switches are required by law. Every room must have a switch in the usual location (you know where to grasp when you enter a darkened room for the very first time, right? That's not by accident). Further, stairways MUST have a switch at top AND bottom. You can't eliminate those mandatory switches.

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