Yes, but you'll violate Code if you do. Garage outlets need GFCI also.
Your best bet is to crack open that box, and extend the circuit to a 1-socket recep marked "Refrigerator Only" installed at a location of your convenience. It's good to eliminate extension cords as part of this, but err on the side of "within your skill level".
A "Fridge only" labeled 1-socket recep is also technically a Code violation, but one most AHJs will cheerfully provide waivers for.
If the walls are open, then extend off the existing box, to your new box, using normal wiring methods.
If the walls are closed up, use a system such as Legrand's Wiremold surface conduit. Start with a "Surface conduit starter box" that extends the existing outlet to give you about 1" of sidewall to attach the surface conduit. (mind you this surface conduit can go 1 inch). Then you install a surface box. To cable between them, buy black, white and green THHN/THWN individual wires (about 2' longer than the conduit) and run them down the conduit.
Either way, into the new box you install a 1-socket receptacle (which are weirdly more expensive than 2-socket types; economies of scale gone wild!) And get the correct 1-socket cover plate; very important since you must label it.
The new socket attaches to the LINE side of the GFCI outlet - not the LOAD side. Almost all GFCI receps provide a way to put 2 wires under or behind the LINE screws.