I am beginning to install fiberglass insulation in my garage and want know if I have done the ceiling wrong. The issue is that the insulation touches the roof sheathing in the sloped area below that I marked in yellow. There are no soffit vents at the bottom of the sloped area. There are two triangular gable vents (one pictured, one on the other end) as well as a roof ridge vent. Do I need to remove the insulation I have installed and staple rafter vents to separate the insulation from the roof sheathing, or are they not needed in this area there aren't any soffit vents? Thank you.
What is your climate like? If there are no soffit vents because you don't normally experience weather that produces ice dams, this may not be that big of a deal. Also, are you merely insulating, or also heating/cooling the space?– EcnerwalJun 11, 2020 at 1:08
I’m in Connecticut so we do see weather that can cause ice dams. I won’t be heating or cooling the space.– VincentJun 11, 2020 at 1:18
No heat, no ice dams.– EcnerwalJun 11, 2020 at 2:40
Ok, most things I am reading about insulation not touching roof sheathing is in an attic with soffit vents. So in this case, I should be good here and don't need to remove the insulation I put up to install rafter vents from the wall top plate up to the vented space above garage?– VincentJun 11, 2020 at 15:07
The typical way to allow for air flow from soffit vents, is to install insulation baffles. These are foam, plastic, or cardboard channels that are slid between the sheathing and the insulation. They can be installed after the insulation if their is room and access to push them in.– DaveMJun 13, 2020 at 3:46
This is old building code I am reciting, and I was an insulation installer for a while as well, for what its' worth.
You do not need soffit vents but it makes the venting more efficient. Code required 1/150 per square feet worth of venting in a given attic. My way of putting it may be rusty, but what it means is, if you have 150 sq ft of attic, to properly vent it, you will need 1 sq ft of "free area" for venting. If soffit vents are used, the equation increases to 1/300 or 1 sq ft of venting for every 300 sq ft of attic.
So check the free area equivalent for your gable vents, since the measured dimensions do not mean free area. The blades of the vents themselves offer restriction to the free flow of air and reduces efficiency of the vent. It may reduce the efficiency by as much as 30 to 50%.
About the insulation touching the roof. If the insulation is installed properly, there should be a 2" air space above the insulation to the sheathing. In all practical purposes, this is should be easy to do if the rafters are 10" deep and the insulation is only 8". If that is the case, the random touching of the insulation buckling up will not matter. If you have 8" of insulation in an 8" rafter, then heat will build up and in essence "cook" your roofing. A metal roof may be an exception, but standard composition shingles will degrade rapidly. I seen it.
With a ridge vent you need space for air flow so move the insulation or add more vents .
How will adding vents allow air flow when the insulation is tight against the roof sheathing...?– Lee SamJun 11, 2020 at 18:32
I did not read it that it was that way the entire way, with no vents this will set up for shorter roof life and possible mold problems or it would in Oregon adding some vents to allow some flow at the top of the yellow line would help.– Ed BealJun 11, 2020 at 18:53
The reason you need ventilation is because warm air (vapor) will condensate when it travels from a warm environment to a cool environment. This process is called “reaching the dew point”.
In your attic the inside air (vapor) will travel through the insulation. When it reaches its dew point it will change from vapor to condensation. That condensation needs to be vented in order to remove the condensation. The Code requires “cross ventilation”.
Attic Ventilation shall be “cross ventilation “ and shall be 1/150th the area that is to be vented. (See ICC R806 Vents.)
However, there is one exception: The attic ventilation can be reduced to 1/300th the area to be vented provided one of the following items are met:
1) a Class I or II vapor retarder is installed on the “warm-in-winter” side of the ceiling, or
2) not less than 40% and not more than 50% of the ventilation is located in the upper portion of the attic. The upper portion is defined as: “Upper ventilation shall not be lower than 3’ below the ridge or highest point of the roof. “ (See ICC R806.1.2.)
Also, the Code says you shall maintain a 1” minimum clearance between attic insulation and framing.
Summary: So, you can see there is clearly a benefit to having ridge vents, gable vents, etc. in addition to soffit vents, but in a proportion that allows COMPLETE CROSS-VENTILATION to the attic. If you don’t install a soffit vent in each joist space, then the air cannot be vented...in each joist space. That is to say, just having a ridge vent does not provide “cross ventilation”. (You need an “in-ee” and an “out-ee” in each joist space.)