I am making a custom shower, planning to cut my own stone slabs from stones found in my area. They will be granite, quartz, some others, that I cut with my own saw. I'm wondering how to attach the stones to backerboard so that the assembly is waterproof. The pan will be thin concrete over backerboard as well. Considering attaching expanded metal to backerboard with a 1-2mm gap and then using standard thinset buttered to back of stone then setting to wall. But then how to waterproof the assembly?

  • Will you be cutting the stone so it has a flat back, as in splitting them at their thickest part? What would be the thickest stone after cutting?
    – Jack
    Commented Jan 17, 2020 at 14:59
  • I will be cutting slabs about 1/2 to 3/4 inch thick, and I have the ability to polish the surface so it will hopefully perform like tile. We do have hard water and I expect that I will need to polish off the calcium a couple times a year. I also expect to seal it, though I realize that sealants do wear off. Commented Jan 17, 2020 at 17:53
  • 1
    I built a nice tile shower with fancy patterning. I prefer using our acrylic/fiberglass shower since it cleans in a 5 minutes a month with a magic eraser. No one pays attention in the shower. Use your stone in the entry way, as an accent in a stairway, backsplash in the kitchen. Commented Jan 17, 2020 at 22:46
  • How big will the "tiles" be when you are done cutting and polishing. I understand about the thickness, the size will dictate what type of notched trowel to use.
    – Jack
    Commented Jan 18, 2020 at 2:39
  • 1
    The 3/8" notched trowel will work for the tight set tiles, simply spread the thinset on the wall and set the stone to it. No need to back butter the tile unless it is the thinner tile and it makes the bonding work. You could scratch a coat on the thicker tile to "wet" the backs if you like. Don't spread out too much area that can't be covered before it starts to dry on the surface.
    – Jack
    Commented Jan 18, 2020 at 4:05

2 Answers 2


What you are doing sounds like you could simply use modified thinset. If the tile will be uniform, or perhaps not you could use tile setters shims to create the joints and then use sanded grout to fill the joints. You could use epoxy grout, I never have in a shower stall, but I am sure it would work.

As far as waterproofing goes starting with the floor pan, I have never seen backer board used on the floor. I have seen ready made bases that will accept tile, I have set a sloped sub base and installed PVC liner with a dry pack mud bed over that with cement board on the walls only, and then painted the walls and floor with a roll on membrane. After that, tile is set and grouted.


Normally the stone is applied directly to the backer board once the pieces are set a grout is used between the stones (today I would recommend epoxy grout). After grout a sealer can be used , I have done a couple jobs like this and do not recommend for a shower area. Even if well sealed natural stone picks up the soap scum and can be a pita to clean. I did a job for a guy that cut his stones , I thought it looked good and was remodeling a bath at my own home so I used my tile saw and did that shower it looked great, about a month later my wife was complaining about it, by 2 months I had to remove it and tile it. Several months later the customer called and asked how much to demo and replace he had the same issue but he had some fungus growing.

I have done other stone work and it was fine but in the shower it was hard to clean.

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