I need to install a 200A panel about 100 feet from the meter base. I have 400A service coming to the building, broken out at the meter base into two 200A exterior disconnects. One disconnect is currently unused, leaving it available for this project. The loads on this panel will be: lighting/receptacles, HVAC units drawing 75A max, 2 clothes dryers, and 1 electric oven. (Gas cooktop and water heater will be used.)
I'm seeing conflicting information about the size and type of wire to use in this run.
According to the 2011 NEC sizing table, 4/0 aluminum is the correct size to use, but max distance is not discussed. Calculations show that there should be about 1.5% voltage drop across this distance at full current, which I believe is within the acceptable limits.
However, 2014 NEC and newer remove the sizing table, instead instituting the 83% size rule.
Cerrowire's ampacity chart shows 4/0 aluminum to be capable of 180A at 75*C, which does meet the 83% rule. However, no voltage drops or additional heat due to increased resistance of longer distance wires are mentioned.
Also, I'm finding varying information about whether it's OK to run SE inside a building. This page seems to indicate SE cables are fine, but if run through insulation, the ampacities at 60*C must be used. In my installation, no insulation would be present, and the run would be through engineered wood I-joists between lower and upper floors of a single-family residential dwelling, so I am assuming I can use the 75*C ampacity numbers.
I discussed this with the electrical inspector, who seemed to be fine with 4/0 SER in this application. However, I'm trying to understand whether I missed anything that can come back to bite me later.
I would appreciate your comments and suggestions on wire size and type in this application.